Samora Moisés Machelnasceu em 29 de Setembro de 1933, na localidade tradicional de Xilambene, a que os portugueses deram o sugestivo nome de “aldeia da Madragoa”, no colonato do Limpopo, província de Gaza.
O seu avô, Maguivelani, era parente de Gungunhanha, o chefe tradicional que se opôs à colonização, no tempo de el-rei D. Carlos I, e que por isso foi preso em Chaimite por Mouzinho de Albuquerque e deportado para a Europa, vindo a morrer em Angra do Heroísmo, nos Açores.
Samora, cujo nome evocava as terras de Samora Correia, no vale do Tejo, passou a infância a ajudar os pais nos trabalhos agrícolas e na criação de gado, mas sempre conseguiu algum tempo para fazer a instrução primária com os missionários católicos que se tinham instalado na região.
Durante a adolescência, foi viver para a então Lourenço Marques, hoje Maputo, e completou o curso de enfermeiro, profissão que exercia no Hospital Central da cidade quando em 1962 se criou a Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Frelimo), sob a égide de Eduardo Mondlane, outro elemento da etnia xangane, aparentada com os zulus.
Deixando de parte a enfermagem, Samora - que também era Moisés, como o velho condutor do povo judaico - fez-se então á estrada e foi até Tanganica, daí a pouco Tanzânia, alistar-se na guerrilha; e em 1963 já havia notícias dele a receber treino militar na Argélia.
De regresso à pátria de Julius Nyerere, estava então a fazer 31 anos, Samora Machel participou em 1964 nas primeiras colunas da Frelimo que cruzavam o rio Rovuma e se infiltraram na província moçambicana de Cabo Delgado, a fim de aí desencadearem a luta pela independência nacional, independência de um país que só tinha identidade própria porque Portugal aí se instalara, submetendo e congregando os povos bem diversos.
Em 1967 ascendeu a secretário da Defesa no movimento que controlava o Norte do território e dois anos depois, com a morte de Mondlane, vítima de uma carta armadilhada, na Tanzânia, chegou a líder, depois de suplantar facções dirigidas por Lázaro Kavandame e por Uria Simango.
Imbuído do pensamento de Mao Tsetung, transformou a luta de libertação de um território colonizado por uma autêntica revolução..
Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane (Manjacaze, Gaza, 20 de Junho de 1920 — Dar es Salaam, 3 de Fevereiro de 1969) foi um dos fundadores e primeiro presidente da Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (FRELIMO), a organização que lutou pela independência de Moçambique do domínio colonial português. O dia da sua morte, assassinado por uma encomenda-bomba, é celebrado como Dia dos Heróis Moçambicanos.
Samora Machel cumprimenta Julius Nyerere no aeroporto de Dar es Salaam, 1978. Na altura eram, respectivamente, Presidentes de Moçambique e da Tanzania. Entre 1962 e 1975, a Tanzania foi a base de operações da guerrilha conduzida contra a presença portuguesa em Moçambique. Em 1978, a Frelimo desenvolvia actividades contra a Rodésia e a África do Sul. Samora foi instrumental em criar uma coligação para coordenar o esforço, mais tarde conhecida como "Países da Linha da Frente". Internamente, muito do que se fez em Moçambique inspirou-se nas medidas que Julius Nyerere implementou no seu país na altura
Today is #Thursday , and you already know what that means. Our Africa Unheard #TBT for this week is none other than #Grammyaward winning singer/songwriter and activist from the Republic of #Benin 🇧🇯, @AngeliqueKidjo with her 1996 hit "Wombo Lombo". One of African music's most Iconic figures. Called "Africa's premier Diva" by @Time magazine and "The Undisputed #Queen of African Music" by the Daily Telegraph in #London . She has contributed immensly to African music with her fusion of African culture & traditional African sounds with contemporary pop and dance music, and experimenting with different styles like Latin, Jazz and reggae while maintaining and promoting her African roots. #africa#Africanmusic#Africanlegends#TBT#Africaunheard#Afrobeat#Afrobeats
Ali Birra is a living Oromo legend — singer, composer, and poet. He has sacrificed much for his music; a nationalist and supporter of Oromo music, he has been imprisoned countless times and, also, wrongfully reported dead on more than one occasion. In late 2012 in Addis Ababa, Andreas Hansen met Ali – still alive and thriving – who told him that the untimely obituaries and imprisonments are the price he has had to pay for playing Oromo music and promoting Oromo culture.
The past decade has seen an implausible but well-deserved rediscovery of the astonishing Ethiopian music of the 1960’s and 1970’s. However, the majority of the attention has been given to Amharic music from Addis. One important legacy that has until now been left largely untold is the music of the Oromos; the largest ethnic group of Ethiopia at around 30 million people.
For several decades from the mid-60s and onwards, Ali Birra was the most prominent representative of modern Oromo music. He was part of a golden generation of Ethiopian musicians, performing with the greatest artists and orchestras of the time; but being Oromo he was always an outsider in relation to the Amharic musicians of his time. Yet for many Oromos, he was a hero, fighting their cause at a time where the promotion of Oromo culture was illegal and singing in Oromo language banned. "I was lucky to be singer at a time with few Oromo singers around. I got the chance to influence people and their thinking. To be a teacher. To engrave my thoughts in people’s minds. The young Oromo musicians now are tough but they have not achieved this yet,’ Ali tells me. And things certainly were tough in Dire Dawa in the early 60s, when Ali aged 14 formed his first band Hiriyaa Jaalalaa, and soon after started performing with the group Afran Qallo. Being an Oromo musician back then was risky business. Singing in Afaan Oromo was illegal, and the band members handed out their records to people on the streets as no Oromo music was allowed on the radio. ‘We were very young and courageous at that time,"Ali admits. ❤💚❤✨✨✨✨ #oromoappreciationmonth#alibirra#africanlegends
Because sometimes my cries for people to buy me books don't fall on empty spaces. Sometimes, just sometimes my dope friends go beyond buying me books but as far as getting the books they bought me autographed by the author. My Sotho sister in arms @lineotsathapelo had lunch with Zakes Mda one of my favorite writers and had him autograph one of his books for me. I don't think I'll ever complain that people don't do nice things for me ever again. (This might not last long). Thank you so much Lineo. This has really made my week. I feel so loved and so blessed.
“There are lots of people who tend to think that in order to start and run an entrepreneurial venture you surely need to come up with a brutally novel or incredibly new or mindbogglingly innovative idea in order to succeed. Well truth is there is nothing totally new on this earth, so your drive shouldn't necessarily be to reinvent the wheel but rather to devise creative ways to make improvements and contextualize ideas that work. That is surely the way to go!" -John Appiah 2017. #Graced4Greatness#TheDNAofaLegend#InAfrica4Africa#AfricaHasRoleModels#MadeInAfrica#AfricanHeroes#AfricanLegends
"When you do your best constantly and consistently at every single opportunity, you inevitably position yourself to attract the very best of opportunities. No matter how long it takes, so long as you are committed to being the very best at what you do, irrespective of what people think about you or what people say about you, your time to shine and to soar will surely come. Today, you may be at the receiving end of severe bashings and harsh criticisms and it may appear everything is working against you. But don't allow all these to quench your passion to be the best at what you do. All your best efforts may appear unrewarded today but keep doing your best, your time to shine and smile is near!" -John Appiah 2017. (CEO, The A-League Consult) #Graced4Greatness#TheDNAofaLegend#InAfrica4Africa#AfricaHasRoleModels#MadeInAfrica#AfricanHeroes#AfricanLegends
"There will be moments in life where we will inevitably encounter great despair and grave brokenness yet we cannot afford to stop dreaming and working and hoping for a better and brighter world. Although we may meet disappointments daily, we won’t cease to advance and make progress in the direction of our dreams and aspirations. On the wings of hope and grace, we shall soar high above the turbulence and tragedies of life. Through the eyes of possibility and faith we will still see light irrespective of the darkness that engulfs us." John Appiah 2017. #Graced4Greatness#TheDNAofaLegend#InAfrica4Africa#AfricaHasRoleModels#MadeInAfrica#AfricanHeroes#AfricanLegends
"Legends are not made in a single day. It may even take years for a person to rise up to attain the status of a Legend. Most Legends are not born into success or fame or wealth or prestige. Rather most Legends rise up out of the ashes and make an audacious comeback after a phenomenal setback that many may not have recovered from. Many of the Legends at one point in their lives were considered as monumental failures, written off by their supervisors, rejected by the system because the saw differently and acted differently. At a certain period in their journey, their dreams were labelled as too lofty, unrealistic and simply impossible. But in the midst of all the opposition and resistance, they found strength and grace to pursue their dreams and today their lives are shinning examples to many. Don't give up because of the demoralizing difficulties and crippling challenges you are faced with today. Keep pushing, keep believing against all odds and keep rising up every time you fall. You are a legend in the making. - John Appiah 2017." #Graced4Greatness#TheDNAofaLegend#InAfrica4Africa#AfricaHasRoleModels#MadeInAfrica#AfricanHeroes#AfricanLegends
Today, Samora Moises Machel would have turned 84 years old. An unquestionable leader of the Mozambican liberation struggle and the first President of Independent Mozambique. A fearless supporter of the Liberation process of African countries. A Luta Continua, Marechal. Pai, a ti o Meu beijo e amor eterno. #samoramachel#africanlegends#themachels#meupaimeuheroi#alutacontinua
The legendary Steve Biko. A 12 de Setembro de 1977, Bantu Steve Biko morreu em consequência de bárbaras torturas da polícia sul africana, do regime de apartheid. Biko era um jovem activista negro - morreu com 30 anos - lutador contra o apartheid, dirigente estudantil e fundador do Movimento Consciência Negra.Biko, que dizia que "a arma mais poderosa nas mãos do opressor é a mente do oprimido" . Me junto a celebrar este dia com milhões de pessoas que reveram e respeitam a vida e legado de #stevebiko , mas meu coração abraça fortemente os meus amigos e irmãos Nkosinathi, Samora e Hlumelo Biko. #africanlegends#stevebikocentre#myhero#alutacontinua#liberateafricanminds#stevebiko40
One of the most respected Egyptian players and African legends who make African football competitive and fun, though he is 44 years old, (Two years older than the Senegalese coach) he still manages to be on the first team.