More of the pre-war Breslau - Old Slaughterhouse, dating back to the year 1896. It was demolished by AKME in 1999, despite the protesters pleas. Moreover, the new investors cared not for the unique ecosystem of the area surrounding the slaughterhouse, destroying the natural habitat of many amphibians. Now, only a shopping mall stands here. I'm sure the architect is proud of himself, as are the multinational companies milking the people of every penny.
1,486 years ago in 532 the Nika Riots were finally suppressed after a week of seeing hundreds murdered and destruction of much of Constantinople including the burning of the Hagia Sophia. Emperor Justinian came up with a clever plan to trick the mob that had assembled outside the palace at the hippodrome to crown one of the “green” faction by sending the leaders of the “blues” faction gold saying he still supported them. During the ceremony the blues fled the stadium. With that, Imperial troops led by Generals Belisarius and Mundus surrounded the stadium and slaughtered the remaining rebels, supposedly some thirty thousand.
Forward to 1701, Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg (also Duke of Prussia) crowned himself King of Prussia. Friedrich was able to negotiate his title with Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (at the time Crown Prince) who allowed his elevation despite the Imperial Germanic law stating only Bohemia could have that title outside the emperor. Due to a further dispute with the Polish-Lithuanian Diet he symbolically titled himself “King in Prussia”.
170 years later, Friedrich’s great great great grandson, Wilhelm I, was ceremonially crowned Emperor of Germany in the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles during the closing weeks of the Franco-Prussian War. Wilhelm has been Kaiser since 1 January as according to the new German Constitution but due to his own hesitation had waited to accept it.
65 years later the poet and writer, Rudyard Kipling, passed away due to complications after an intestinal haemorrhage. #justinian#byzantinehistory#constantinople#nikariots#ancienthistory#prussianhistory#monarchy#kingofprussia#frederickiofprussia#secondreich#germanempire#wilhelmiofgermany#francoprussianwar#versailles#frenchhistory#19thcentury#19thcenturyhistory#parispeacetreaty#rudyardkipling#howwegothere#historymatters#millenialmonarchist#january18
The picture shows an Imperial German soldier holding a Semi-Automatic Mauser C96. He's also wearing a Stahlhelm (steel helmet) and M1915 tunic point to mid/late World War 1 period. 🔰Would you like to know about the origin of Stahlhelm from the First World War? Stick around!🔰
Stahlhelm, steel helmet (WW1)
Stahlhelm or German steel helmet was well known for its unique shape and design since the First World War as a better helmet to replace an old-style German Pickelhaube that was proven ineffective during the trench warfare in the Great War. Before the war and during 1914, all helmets produced for the infantry were made out of leather. As the war progressed Pickelhauben (plural for Pickelhaube) started to be produced with other materials until in 1915, some Pickelhauben started to be produced from thin steel sheet but the demand of the helmet went high, leading to using pressurized felt or even paper which was extremely weak and ineffective. The spikes on the helmets also made the wearer became the targets for the enemies. The Pickelhaube could little protect the wearer from the shell fragments and shrapnels. In the beginning of 1916, the Pickelhaube started to be replace with the new German steel helmet or Stahlhelm which was more effective and more protective than the old-style Pickelhaube. The Stahlhelm reduced the head wound fatalities of the troops up to 70%. The Stahlhelm was first introduced in early 1916 in Verdun Campaign. The first Stahlhelm helmet, M16 version had ventilator horns to mount an additional brow plate or Stirbpanzer to add more protection to the frontal helmet. However, the use of the brow plate was only seen by snipers or trench raiders because it was too heavy and could be used for long. The helmet was proven to be effective and better than the Pickelhaube. However, the helmet also had a few flaws ; the ventilator horns could let in hold air, making the wearer had to block the vents with mud or fabric. The helmet also made it difficult for the wearer to hear and created echo when the wearer spoke. 🔰Continuation in the comment.🔰
Today 101 years ago on January 16, 1917 the Zimmerman Telegram was intercepted. British code breakers intercepted an encrypted message from Arthur Zimmermann intended for Heinrich von Eckardt, the German ambassador to Mexico. The telegram asked Mexico to join the Central Powers. If Mexico joined the Central Powers, Germany would help Mexico take back "lost territory" such as Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona from the United States. The British cryptographic office known as “Room 40” decoded the Zimmermann Telegram and handed it over to the United States in late February 1917. The US-German diplomatic relationship had already severed when a German submarine sunk the USS Lusitania on May 7, 1915 killing 1100 passengers including 120 Americans. On March 1, 1917 the discovery of the Zimmerman Telegram was spread all over the world in newspapers. President Woodrow Wilson had tried to keep the United States from entering World War 1 but the Zimmerman Telegram was the last straw. On April 2, 1917 President Wilson abandoned the idea of isolationism and asked congress to declare war on Germany. After a senate vote, the United States officially entered the war on April 6, 1917. On June 26, 1917, the first 14,000 U.S. infantry troops landed in France. The United States would now face the war to end all wars. #WorldWar1#history#1917#ZimmermannTelegram#USA#GermanEmpire#Mexico#war
The Seven Years War (1754-1763), Part II - Major Washington
The war began in the trade rich Ohio River Valley, where the French and English sought to expand their North American colonies. Many wars had been fought over the course of the previous century, often between their native allies, but in 1754 the greatest of these broke out when a young officer in the English colonial militia named George Washington fired a shot heard round the world. Washington had been sent as a courier to deliver a letter to the French commander Jacques Saint-Pierre who was overseeing the construction of several fortifications in Ohio. Upon reading, Pierre who was asked to cease operations refused. Washington was then sent north to Pittsburg where the British were constructing a fort. When the French attacked the workers there Washington raised a militia of English and Iroquois soldiers and attacked the French at Jumonville Glen.
This small skirmish soon sparked all out war between England and France. Other European powers were also soon to join seeking to settle old grudges of their own. Prussia under the leadership of Frederick the Great joined Britain, Hanover, Brunswick, Hesse, Portugal, Schaumburg-Lippe, and the Iroquois. In response a coalition between Austria, France, Saxony, Bavaria, Russia, Spain, Sweden, the Mughals, and Abenaki formed.
The Seven Years War (1754-1763), Part I - Prelude
Throughout the course of European history several conflicts have so radically altered the balance of power that from the fighting empires have crumbled and centuries old political orders toppled. One such conflict or rather a collection of several related ones was the Seven Years War fought 1754-1763. It was the first “world war” as it encompassed mutliple theaters of conflict, fought on almost every continent including in Europe, the Americas, Asia and Africa. In North America was the French and Indian War, in India the Carnatic Wars, in South America the Fantastic War, and in Europe the Seven Years, Silesian, and Pomeranian Wars. It was the war in which France as a colonial power ceased to exist for over a century, dismantled by Britain who as a result became the undisputed master of the world. In Europe Prussia asserted her military dominance over her age old rival Austria and became a force to be reckoned with. While the accumulated debt by the colonial powers would set the stage for two conflicts of much greater consequence: the American and French Revolutions.
The picture shows flamethrower pioneers of Assault Battalion No. 5 (Rohr), (German : Sturm-Battalion Nr. 5) 🔰Stick around to learn more about flamethrowers back in the First World War!🔰
The flamethrower brought terror to French and British soldier with the basic idea of spreading fire by launching burning fuel. The German Army developed and tested two models of flamethrower or Flammenwerfer in German (The idea of flamethrower was invented long time ago B.C.). The Germans tested two models ; the lighter Flammenwerfer (the Kleinflammenwerfer which was designed for portable use, can be operated by single man which had the length of effectiveness at 18 meters (59 feet). The larger one was the Grossflammenwerfer which had the same mechanics but the length of effectiveness was twice longer than the smaller model. The first notable use of the Flammenwerfer came in a surprise attack launched by the Germans against the British at Hooge, Ypres, Belgium. The Flammenwerfer was really dangerous for the soldier that handling the device, the cylinder that carried the fuel might explode unexpectedly or was shot by an enemy fire.
The British and the French also had their own models ; the British one was more like a static flamethrower with the weight of two tons and constructed on No Man's Land, the French flamethrower was portable and similar to the German's and the Germans also had their own modified version of Flammenwerfer, the Wex in 1917 which could ignite by itself without using a separate lighter (old models needed a light to light it up).
The flamethrower carried its use to World War 2 and still seen in use until today.
Colorized by Frédéric Duriez.
Alrighty folks, here's the single most in demand coin I deal in. The last one I posted was literally claimed in 5 minutes. Here's another absolute stunner 1914-F German Empire 1 mark in high grade brilliant uncirculated. If you think you might want this, don't hesitate because it could be gone quickly. Asking $33 shipped firm #silver#germanempire#deutschland#germany#mark#silber
The "Kyffhäuser-Denkmünze für 1914-1918"
in english "kyffhaeuser memorial medal(/coin) for 1914-1918"
was a medal much like the "Hindenburg Kreuz (-cross)" and also awarded to german soldiers of the first world war, later two swords where added if the owner was also a front soldier, however thouse are not as common as the Version without them.
The medal was instituted on the 18. Juni 1921 #ww1#1weltkrieg#germany#germanempire#kyffhäuserbund#deutschland
A Fascinating Photo
The image above depicts three German NCOs from different branches of the Deutsches Heer (German Army). The NCO on the left is a Landwehrmann (a form of a more organized Home Guard), and we can see this by viewing the Landwehr Cross on his cap. The seated soldier is a young artillerymen, possibly from Feld-Artillerie-Regiment Nr.36 or 56. Most odd of the three is the chap on the right, a German Skijäger (most likely from the Württemberg Ski Battalion). ———————————————————— #germanempire#deutchesheer#heer#homeguard#militia#artillery#artilleryman#ski#infantry#skijäger#1914#1915#1916#1917#1918
Airplanes were a new form of attack vehicles in the First World War. Throughout the conflict nation’s armies did their best to improve the effectiveness of their aircrafts. The in the picture above we see Imperial Germany’s final development of the Albatros D.I family, and the last Albatros fighter to see operational service.In April 1917, Albatros received an order from the Idflieg (Inspektion der Fliegertruppen) for an improved version of the D.III. The resulting D.V prototype flew later that month. The D.V. used used the same 127 kW (170 hp) Mercedes D.IIIa engine as the previous model. The most notable difference was a new, fully elliptical cross-section fuselage. It was lighter than the partially flat-sided fuselage of the earlier D.I through D.III designs. The new elliptical cross-section required an additional longeron on each side of the fuselage and the fin, rudder and tailplane initially remained unchanged from the D.III. Compared to the D.III, the upper wing of the D.V was 121 mm (4.75 in) closer to the fuselage, while the lower wings attached to the fuselage without a fairing. The only significant difference between wings of the D.III and D.V was a revised routing of the aileron cables that placed them entirely within the upper wing. The D.V entered service in May 1917 and structural failures of the lower wing immediately occurred. Besides the structural flaws the plane had no real advantage over previous models. A updated D.VA was put out which featured stronger wing spars, heavier wing ribs and a reinforced fuselage. This still did not offer a cure to the problem. In May 1918, 131 D.V and 928 D.Va aircraft were in service on the Western Front; the numbers declined as the Fokker D.VII and other types replaced the Albatros in the final months of the war. 400 Albatros remained in battle until the armistice.