The 7.5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 40 (7.5 cm Pak 40) was a German anti-tank gun used during the mid to late stages of the war. Design of the Pak 40 started in 1939 but was delayed until 1941 when reports came in of Soviet heavy armor, which then made the Pak 40’s development a high priority. The KwK 40/L46 cannon was the basis for all of Germany’s 7.5 cm cannons for the war, the Pak 40’s KwK 40/L46 cannon was modified for vehicle use and came in two variants, the KwK 40/L43 or /L48. The Pak 40 weighed in at 1,425 kg (3,142 lb) the cannon was much heavier than the Pak 38 and was only able to be moved by a vehicle, the most the crew of 6 could do was rotate the cannon, or move it short distances if terrain allowed. The Pak 40 was the main anti-tank cannon of the mid and late years of the war, 1943-1945, with roughly 20,000 being produced. With a maximum effective range of 1,800 m the Pak 40 was capable of penetrating the armor of any tank during the war until the Allies super heavy tanks appeared, such as the Soviet IS series, the American M26 Pershing and some variants of the British Churchill tanks. Although the gun was struggling to penetrate the armor of heavy tanks by the end of the war, many European countries continued to use the Pak 40 well into the 60’s.
Note: The Pak 40 had three plates welded together as the gun shield, while the Pak 38 had a single piece folded at the sides as its gun shield.
On January 24, 1948, 21 German criminals were hanged in the Montelupich prison in Krakow (including 2 women) sentenced to death by the Supreme National Tribunal in the first Auschwitz trial. 40 former members of the crew of the German concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau sat on the bench of the accused. Subsequent hearings were simultaneously translated into four languages. The accused heard allegations about participation in gassing of Jews imported from all over Europe, making numerous executions, mistreatment of prisoners and committing other atrocities in the camp. The total number of camp victims is estimated at 1.1 to 1.5 million. On the bench of defendants they sat, among others: Arthur Liebehenschel - camp commandant, successor of Rudolf Höss; Max Grabner - head of the Gestapo camp; Hans Aumeier - one of the camp's managers and deputy commander, Maria Mandl - head of the women's camp in Brzezinka; Karl Ernst Möckel - head of the camp administration; Erich Muhsfeldt - manager of the crematoria in Brzezinka. At the beginning of the trial, they stated that they did not feel guilty, and only some admitted to beating prisoners. The accused tried to relinquish responsibility for the acts committed on absent superiors, and in particular to Hoess, obeying the orders they received. They often gave a false explanation in a bold manner. They stubbornly denied the proven facts, tried to undermine the testimonies of witnesses, and at the same time flattened before the Tribunal in order to obtain a mild sentence. During the Auschwitz operation, over 8,000 people served in the camp crew. SS men and about 200 supervisors. Most of them have been tried in Poland. In the years 1946-1949, he was extradited to Poland, mainly from the American occupation zone of Germany, about 1 thousand. suspected of committing war crimes at Auschwitz. The indictment files were presented to 673 people, including 21 women. In the years 1946-1953, trials were held before regional, provincial and special courts. The most frequently imposed punishment was 3 or 4 years in prison. 41 people were sentenced to death or life imprisonment.
Adolf Galland, fue un militar, piloto de combate y as de la aviación que llegó a ser general de la Luftwaffe, la fuerza aérea alemana, durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
También combatió en la Guerra Civil Española en la Legion Cóndor contra la República. Finalizada la conflagración y una vez en libertad, trabajó siete años como consultor de la Fuerza Aérea Argentina y a su regreso a Alemania creó su propia firma y consultoría de aviación.
Nació en Westerholt, Westfalia, hijo de un agricultor, fue el segundo de cuatro hermanos. Bien temprano demostró su interés por la aviación, volando en planeadores (único tipo de avión permitido en Alemania bajo los términos del Tratado de Versalles) en un campo improvisado cerca de su ciudad natal.
Terminó la guerra con 104 victorias y con la Cruz de Caballero con Hojas de Roble, Espadas y Brillantes, una de las condecoraciones militares alemanas más altas. Fue el segundo as de la aviación alemana más condecorado después de Hans-Ulrich Rudel, aunque en lo referente a victorias conseguidas, 104, quedó lejos de la marca de otro renombrado as alemán: Günther Rall con 275 derribos. Fue capturado por el ejército de Estados Unidos el 14 de mayo de 1945 y fue prisionero de guerra hasta 1947.
Al salir libre, acepto la invitación del gobierno de Argentina para formar y entrenar su fuerza aérea. Muchas de sus estrategias y doctrinas continuaron desarrollándose en la fuerza aérea Argentina, incluso hasta el conflicto de las Islas Malvinas.
Murió en 1996 de un paro cardíaco en Remagen, Alemania.
SA Sport Badge
The SA Sports Badge was issued in three grades (bronze, silver, and gold) as well as a special version known as the "SA Sports Badge for War Wounded". Although originally designed as a physical fitness badge for Nazi stormtroopers, the SA Sports Badge was issued across every German military and paramilitary organization. The SS held the SA Sports Badge in high regard, and many of its senior members, Heinrich Himmler, Karl Wolff, and Arthur Nebe among them, qualified for the decoration. The badge was also commonly issued to the Wehrmacht and was one of the few political decorations that the armed forces allowed to freely be displayed on a military uniform (other such decorations included the Blood Order and the Golden Party Badge).
By 1943, a similar sports badge had been created for non-Germans attached to the Germanic-SS. Known as the Germanic Proficiency Runes, this award was issued in two grades (bronze and silver) with similar physical tests as those required for the SA Sports Badge.
Field Marshall Sir Bernand Montgomery and his staff pass by British soldiers escorted German POWs, shocked to see Montgomery, shortly after D-Day, June 10th, 1944. These prisoners would likely be sent back to England, where they would either stay there in POW camps or be transported to an American POW Camp. After D-Day a huge wave of new German prisoners arrived in England but most were happy to be out of the war and some were even satisfied to undergo the indignity of delousing upon arrival to their camp. During the war being a POW was a risky business, in the early years at Dunkirk the 50,000 British soldiers left were captured. Some were shot by their German captors, and throughout the was their were instances of SS and angry German mobs killing Allied pilots and crews. The first day or two of prisoner life, capitulation and then consignment camp, were always the most dangerous. For the most part the Germans, more specifically the Wehrmacht, obided by the Third Geneva Conventions and treated their prisoners well. The same applied to the British and Americans but the Americans went beyond, they even paid their prisoners! POWs were given medical treatment, housing, food, access to letters to write home, and had to be treated similarly as their enemy soldiers. They were entitled to refuse interrogation and give just their name, rank, and serial number. If they escaped and were recaptured they could be punished with nothing more than 30 days solitary confinement. The conventions also listed that personnel from the International Red Cross were allowed to visit camps at any given time. The German's had to separate classes of camps, "Oflags" for the British and American officers, and "Stalags" for the enlisted men. Officers were usually kept inside all day in huge manors in the remote German countryside. The enlisted men on the other hand were required to work in fields or farms, this meant they received excersize and fresh air. They usually faired better than their officer counterparts. Some even developed friendships with guards or locals! This happened to German and Italian POWs in the UK and USA as well.
"Penso e ripenso a quei giorni
di sole e di rose
vissuti con te...
Sono ricordi sbiaditi
ma impressi nel cuore...
Ma non c'è tempo nemmeno
per essere tristi
la guerra è così" 🌹❤ #like#followme ##wehrmacht#amore#e#guerra
At the request of @ww1ww2_collection here is, Erika!
Song name: (DE and ENG) Erika
Made by: Herms Niel
Recorded by: Die alten Kameraden
Recording Date: ca. 1965?
Footage shown: Wehrmacht Troops in action and parading through the streets of Berlin. -
Song description: Erika, is a German Soldatenlied from 1939, written by the famous composer, Herms Niel. It was one of the most popular songs sung by their Germans during the Second World War. The recording is by Die alten Kameraden, a post war choir made up of veterans of the war. They sung many of Herms Niel’s songs in an album called, “die größten Erfolge von Herms Niel”. -
"Troops without ammunition or food. Effective command no longer possible. 18,000 wounded without any supplies or dressings or drugs. Further defence senseless. Collapse inevitable. Army requests immediate permission to surrender in order to save lives of remaining troops." –General Friedrich Palaus in a radio message to Hitler 75 years ago on January 24, 1943.
"Surrender out of the question. Sixth Army will hold their positions to the last man and the last round and by their heroic endurance will make an unforgettable contribution toward the establishment of a defensive front and the salvation of the Western world." – Adolf Hitler in a radio response to General Friedrich Paulus that same day.
⚠️🇬🇧 🇨🇦🇺🇸English language in comments⚠️⤵️ 🔻▶️ La Cruz de Caballero de la Cruz de la Cruz de Hierro fue una condecoración militar establecida por la Alemania Nazi el día que comenzó la SGM. Iba por encima de la famosa Cruz de Hierro creada en 1813 y era de mayor tamaño y por debajo de la Gran Cruz de la Cruz de Hierro. Fue la condecoración efectiva más alta de las otorgadas por Alemania durante la SGM. Se concedía al valor militar o a un sobresaliente liderazgo. Fueron impuestas más de 7.000 a lo largo de toda la SGM. Muchas de ellas correspondían a los logros militares obtenidos por sus recipientes: derribos aéreos, tonelaje hundido, tanques destruidos y otras a mandos y generales que “fácilmente” pudieron demostrar su capacidad de liderazgo en la batalla. Mientras que la Cruz de Hierro se colocaba en el pecho, esta se colgaba de una cinta al cuello. Cuando alguien ansiaba mucho cumplir los “requisitos” para obtenerla, se decía de él que tenía “dolor de garganta”. La Gran Cruz solo fue otorgada a Hermann Göring, todavía no sabemos por qué méritos (🤔… o sí?). Hubo soldados, generalmente pilotos, que a fuerza de desarrollar su oficio necesitaban una condecoración más alta. De esta forma se decidió poner a la arandela de la cruz, hojas de roble, luego espadas y finalmente diamantes (auténticos) que ya era el culmen total. Pero hubo un piloto, Hans Ulrich Rudel que superó todas las expectativas y con tal de no concederle la Gran Cruz (imaginamos que Göring, su jefe, querría continuar siendo el único en ostentar semejante medalla) fue el único en obtener la Cruz de Caballero con hojas de roble y espadas en oro de 18k con diamantes y zafiros. El ejemplar (auténtico) que vemos pertenece al Museo de la Historia Alemana, en Berlín. La svástica ha sido tapada con hojas de roble, según la ley de 1957, para que su dueño pudiera lucirla en público.
I was late to the game with #WEHRMACHT . New Renaissance releases weren't easy to find where I live, and by the time I got into the mailorder scene, I had moved away from thrash metal into faster and heavier stuff. In 1997, my friend Brian and I drove 12 hours to Denver to meet up with Ace for the first time. He had recently joined up with a couple of dudes from the hardcore scene and formed a band called #EARBLEEDINGDISORDER . We met up with their guitarist, Kevin, that first day and hung out in his basement talking and listening to music. That was the first time I had heard WEHRMACHT. I was already well familiar with #SPAZZTICBLURR and knew they shared members, but I always assumed WEHRMACHT were a less extreme version of what they were doing. Turns out I was wrong. It must have been that next day that Ace drove us to Wax Trax where I bought this copy of #sharkattack on cassette. I think I might have given $6.00 for it, still sealed. WEHRMACHT were a #thrashmetal band from Portland, Oregon, formed in 1985. After five demos, they released "Shark Attack" in 1987, their first of two albums on New Renaissance Records. While I think "Biērmächt" is the better of their two albums, this first album is filled with killer fast riffs, snarling vocals and intense energy. I probably listen to it less often, though, because the recording is kinda rough and it seems to go on too long. Still, they were one of the fastest and most manic sounding bands of their time. Had they been from someplace cool, like California, they might have been picked up by Metal Blade or someone similar and enjoyed more success as a band in their time. Currently, they're playing shows again and people seem to be gobbling it up. I suppose they deserve the attention they're getting now, but I'm not interested in seeing them today. #newrenaissancerecords
Today i want to speak about a difficult subject.
Many stamp the soldiers of Wehrmacht and Ss as brutal monsters. But it isnt so easy. Ist true that they fought for a contemptous System but they had no other choice. They had to fight for their Country because they feared the revenge of the Allies. We should not forgot the humans under the helmets.
But for sure we should also not forget the crimes this System commited.