Here in the north we enjoy a certain mental distance from slavery. It was a southern thing, right? Wrong.
While the majority of northern slave owners owned only a few slaves as opposed to the massive plantations in the south, it was very much a thriving industry and by 1708, black slaves outnumbered white indentured servants. James DeWolf of Bristol was at one point the biggest slave trader in the country, and his involvement in the slave trade continued long after its abolition in the north, and even after the American Civil War by redirecting his efforts to Cuba.
Adjua D'Wolf was one of them. Purchased along with a boy, Pauledore (who would become her husband), as a Christmas gift for his wife in 1803. Pauledore's grave is not present, although he is mentioned on Adjua's headstone. Adjua is a name given to girls in Ghana who were born on a Monday.
I cannot find any Information on Judith Honeyman beyond that she was a "faithful servant" and I hope historical society records can yield more.
This small cemetery has interred in it many members of the DeWolf family, who are still held in high regard in Bristol. Adjua, Judith, and (presumably) Pauledore are the only slave burials here.
The discussion of the intersection of Jewishness and whiteness is one I've been having for decades in many different contexts, and I imagine it will continue to occupy my mind and heart for the rest of my life.
One thing that has never wavered is the acknowledgement and full recognition and naming of the fact that as a Jew, I can choose whether to conceal or reveal my Jewish identity, just as I can with my sexual orientation. I can gauge a situation, setting, vibe, etc. and determine how safe I feel. People of color of no such option. There is nothing to debate here.
So there is zero question, for me, about white privilege and that being first and foremost the fundamental issue our country is seeing the inevitable outcome of today -- the fact that our (and I say OUR, as Americans) collective identity is rooted in genocide, slavery, and white supremacy in ways that continue to go unacknowledged and unchecked, with unquestionably devastating impact on people of color. Antisemitism is also alive and well and that, too, is woven into our country's history.
Antisemitism is important to raise as a point of awareness and attention if you look at the language and beliefs of white supremacists and the history of a people that has endured and survived thousands of years of expulsions and genocides. As a people, these live not only in memory and history but in the lifetime of our grandparents, genocide at the hands of those whose vile beliefs have been kept alive and revived by the people we're now seeing empowered to come out of hiding by the current political climate and "leaders." I cannot see and hear men -- and women, mind you -- with burning torches chanting “Jews will not replace us” without feeling alarmed and chilled.
Also imperative to note: NOT ALL JEWS ARE WHITE. ~ continued below in comments ~
Progress-nor the the struggle as descendants of the Middle Passage-did not begin nor did it end, when Black folks put a down payment on a big house in suburbia, got the white collar job, car, education for our kids and a #tigarwoods pass to the exclusive country club. AMERICA 2017, sure mirror, in many ways, America 1817-1917. Since the 1980s Black flight from harsh urban decay and economic/educational inequality has taken MANY us away from our CORE ROOTS; three generations, estranged from our culture, roots and heritage. YES, we are American. YES, it too is our roots, legacy and our heritage-we are patriotic and proud of the country we, also,helped to build since 1619. HOWEVER, as any sociologist or anthropologist would state, the melting pot of America consist of many Sub-cultures(i.e. Americans of African & multicultural descendants, just one example) all combined to make the whole United States. Our second and third generation Americans of so-called integrated children, SHOULD NOT BE ON SOCIAL MEDIA THIRSTY FOR SELF-ESTEEM, KNOWLEDGE and CONSCIENTIOUS AWARENESS, from some brisk education of their past, summarised on Wikipedia. A family reunion, does not make you aware; a trip to a "wait list" Museum in D.C. does not educate, a few books about people who look like you is only a mere drop of what should be, A CONSTANT, CONSCIOUS & CONSCIENTIOUS EXPOSURE TO VARIOUS ASPECTS of one's culture, ethnicity, history, traditions, heritage and legacy. #amindisaterriblethingtowaste#knowyourheritage#blackhistory365#Americanhistory#blackfolks#grandmawshand#billwhithers#blackishinamerica#1619#africanroots#africandisporia#africantraditions#historicallyblackcollegesanduniversities
Captain Silas S. Soule (July 26, 1838 – April 23, 1865) was a Kansas abolitionist and an 'anti slavery militant' whose home was a stop on the underground railroad. Because of this he befriended the armed insurrectionist anti-slavery hero John Brown whom he spent a lot of time with. Soule is mostly remembered though, for what he did at the Sand Creek massacre, in which hundreds of peaceful Cheyenne men, women and children were brutally slaughtered, mutilated and scalped while flying a white flag. Three Colorado Calvary regiments were present but Soule and his Lt. Cramer gave the order to stand down. Soule later recalled the "battle" in a letter to Cramer: "I refused to fire, and swore that none but a coward would, for by this time hundreds of women and children were coming towards us, and getting on their knees for mercy. I tell you Ned it was hard to see little children on their knees have their brains beat out by men professing to be civilized..." Soule testified before Congress as to what happened at Sand Creek and it became one of the most investigated events of it's time. It's possible, had Soule not testified, this mass murder may have been covered up completely. Because of Soule's actions the Cheyenne hail him as a hero for helping to expose what took place.
In 1865 Soule was serving as a Marshal in Denver, and went to investigate a shot that was fired in the street when he was ambushed and assassinated, presumably for his testimony against those who massacred Cheyenne Indians. He was only 26 when he died. This photograph was taken at his weddong, 22 days before his assassination.
READNEXT>>> The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration: Isabel Wilkerson: #BOOKS https://buff.ly/2uJ2MOi⠀
From 1915 to 1970, this exodus of almost six million people changed the face of America. Wilkerson compares this epic migration to the migrations of other peoples in history. She interviewed more than a thousand people, and gained access to new data and official records, to write this definitive and vividly dramatic account of how these American journeys unfolded, altering our cities, our country, and ourselves.⠀ ⠀
With stunning historical detail, Wilkerson tells this story through the lives of three unique individuals: Ida Mae Gladney, who in 1937 left sharecropping and prejudice in Mississippi for Chicago, where she achieved quiet blue-collar success and, in old age, voted for Barack Obama when he ran for an Illinois Senate seat; sharp and quick-tempered George Starling, who in 1945 fled Florida for Harlem, where he endangered his job fighting for civil rights, saw his family fall, and finally found peace in God; and Robert Foster, who left Louisiana in 1953 to pursue a medical career, the personal physician to Ray Charles as part of a glitteringly successful medical career, which allowed him to purchase a grand home where he often threw exuberant parties.⠀
Wilkerson brilliantly captures their first treacherous and exhausting cross-country trips by car and train and their new lives in colonies that grew into ghettos, as well as how they changed these cities with southern food, faith, and culture and improved them with discipline, drive, and hard work. Both a riveting microcosm and a major assessment, The Warmth of Other Suns is a bold, remarkable, and riveting work, a superb account of an “unrecognized immigration” within our own land. Through the breadth of its narrative, the beauty of the writing, the depth of its research, and the fullness of the people and lives portrayed herein, this book is destined to become a classic. #BlackHistoryMonth#BlackTwitter#BlackLivesMatter#AfricanHistory#history#Africa#BHM#AmericanHistory#BLM#MLK
Matthew Henson was the first African-American Arctic explorer, an associate of Robert Peary on seven voyages over a period of nearly 23 years. They made six voyages and spent a total of 18 years in expeditions. Henson served as a navigator and craftsman, traded with Inuit and learned their language, and was known as Peary's "first man" for these, travels.
ENOUGH | So they toppled a Confederate monument, a memorial to the Confederate dead, in Durham this week. That's just the tip of the iceberg. I generally keep my mouth shut on such topics around these parts, but I am compelled to say this small part of the much I could say on this topic.
To those who are projecting their hatred, their moral dysfunctions, and their ignorance onto the facts of history and trying to rewrite America’s past out of that miserable combination, know this: ————————————————————
While you have the right to be wrong about the painful chapter that was The Civil War, you do not have the right to act on your ignorance with destruction, vandalism, and violence.
And whether or not you believe the truth about The Civil War—the real story and not the one you're conjuring up in your mind to use as a platform to justify your thirst for hatred and violence—it still happened. The true story. You cannot simply appropriate history and rewrite it to suit yourself.
You can scream from the rooftops and condemn people from a past you will never even try to learn about. You can write off every Confederate soldier, leader, and sympathizer—and now even apparently every Union one for that matter—as nothing better than a racist whose memory should be torched, and destroy statues honoring such people who lived and died with more courage, conviction, and sacrifice than you could even dream of. You can rewrite or even destroy all the history books. But you CANNOT change history.
Whether you ignore it, try to erase it, deny it, or burn it to the ground, the TRUTH of America's past is part of America's past. Whether you believe that truth or not does not matter; it is still part of America's history. And flames don't touch time.
African American Flag created by David Hammons.
The Pan African flag was created in 1920...it's the one with three horizontal band consisting of Red, Black and Green.
In song and mimicry they have said, "Every race has a flag but the coon." How true! Aye! But that was said of us four years ago. They can't say it now....Hon Marcus Garvey
#history#americanhistory#blackhistory is not taught in schools. It's important we understand why and what is happening. #love#usa#history#equality let's stand against hate and #flag#panafrican#moma#studiomuseumharlem
Chief Justice Taney of Maryland abruptly left Mount Vernon Place around midnight tonight. He was shrouded and silhouetted in the glow of the original Washington Monument as he was lowered onto a flatbed trailer by straps tied to a crane. I post this to document the occasion...not to open any dialogue about confederate monuments. There is a time and place for everything. Deleting monuments is not going to solve the many problems of America. Education and contextualization of history is key to understanding our collective and storied past. #modernhistory#confederatehistory#americanhistory#cantrewritehistory#knowledgeispower#thisisbaltimore
So, we went on a tour of the Missouri State Penitentiary this weekend. I was walking down a hall near the front before our tour started, and looked to my left to see a placard with anarchist and leftist political activist Emma Goldman staring back at me. I froze in my tracks -- stunned! I did not know she was imprisoned at MSP from 1917 to 1919, after she was convicted for conspiring to induce persons to not register for conscription, brought under the newly-enacted Espionage Act. She would go on to meet with Lenin, H.G. Wells, Rebecca West, Bertrand Russell, and many more. I asked to see her cell, but the women's section of the prison was not part of the tour, unfortunately, and the staff said they didn't have much of an idea which cell or cells she had occupied, anyway. More on this fascinating trip in an upcoming blog post! #emmagoldman#missouristatepenitentiary#anarchist#noconscriptionleague#politicalhistory#hgwells#h .g.wells #bertrandrussell#rebeccawest#wwi#thegreatwar#americanhistory#russianrevolution
-- My trip back to 'The Boot' was a memorable one, not just because of the time I had at #nabj17 but also being able to visit my paternal grandparents' home state and my first memorialized plantation (as I went to school on a former one) The Whitney Plantation.
Will share my blog on my YouTube page as the experience was one for the books. It's one thing to see slave quarters on TV and in museums but another to walk in one on the original land where slaves once were. -- Thankful to my ancestors for somehow surviving and making it possible for my family to live today. Sad that the struggle continues but will always celebrate those before us without whom the liberties we do have wouldn't be possible without.
With the recent events in Charlottesville that occurred just miles away, you can't help but to feel the heavy emotions surrounding the Jefferson home. It leaves me filled with questions that can never be answered. It was fascinating to learn about the man who wrote the famous words " all men are created equal" but yet owned over 400 slaves himself. Our country's history is ugly and unfortunately we are still dealing with the effects of it today. I recommend visiting Thomas Jefferson's home if you are able. Maybe it will have you thinking too.
On this day in 1782, the Siege of Bryan's Station begins. Once again, a group of #American women showed incredible bravery—and they saved the day! #GeorgeWashington ’s victory at #Yorktown had occurred months earlier. Unfortunately, some fighting still continued as the British and Indians tried to drive American settlers from the frontier. During the summer of 1782, one of these efforts led to an attack in central #Kentucky . The British and Indian force decided to attack Bryan’s Station, a fort that was guarded by only 44 men. The attack force arrived on the evening of August 15 and hid themselves nearby. They thought that they could lure the fort’s defenders out, but the Kentuckians had figured out the ruse and would not leave the fort. But they still had a problem! They had no water, and they would need it to withstand an attack. A daring plan was hatched. Those at the fort decided to pretend complete ignorance of the enemy lurking nearby. The women would leave the fort, just as they did every morning, to walk to the spring and fill their buckets with water. If the enemy wanted to maintain the element of surprise, then they would have to ignore the women. Obviously, the women were still taking a huge risk. They would be “beyond the reach of the garrison’s guns” and “in point blank range of hundreds of the enemy’s rifles.” Naturally, those brave frontier women did it anyway! And they made it safely back to the fort, bringing the water that would be needed. The siege that followed did not last for long. The British ended up leaving after a relief party arrived. That relief party pursued the British; the Battle of Blue Licks would soon follow. FULL STORY: TaraRoss.com #TDIH#AmericanHistory#USHistory#history#liberty#freedom#throwback#revolution#AmericanRevolution#America#USA#historybuff#sharethehistory
#history#americanhistory#americancitizen#civilwar#charlottesville#virginia#statue#military#general#robertelee#south#army#masondixonline wOw! It's AMAZING how "We The People" haven't forgot the feelings of the bloodiest war in America. Back then soo long ago we was killing each other do we really need another1?!! Smh at a time we should be so progressed as a #nation we are unbelievably regressing as a society Very fucking sad and embarrassing the way the rest of the world is seeing us right now. I understand why certain people were pissed off by bringing down his statue which represented American history. I mean he was From Virginia for crying out loud. Not saying it was right or wrong what he represented back in those times but it was American history nonetheless that everybody that's reading this had Nothing to do with. You can't erase that and it must be documented. This man was actually against slavery but turned a blind eye to the atrocities with the people he was fighting with. There is alot more about this man like becoming a General, led battles, and took losses that is fascinating to me cuz I wasn't there. The Civil War was so crazy cuz we almost became two separate countries damn near. All I want to see today is All 50 states truly become unified to really make America Great Again #USA 💪