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#ArtifactoftheDay This #Bible is the first Bible to ever be translated completely by a woman. During the mid-19th century, Julia E. Smith became deeply interested in Bible study. After teaching herself Hebrew and with some knowledge of Greek and Latin, she started translating the Bible. She translated word for word from the Hebrew and Greek, which resulted in unnatural English sentence structure. She translated the Bible into English five times from three different languages, Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, and did each without any assistance. But it wasn’t until 1876 that Julia and her sister Abby paid for the printing and publication of her Bible translation. Julia believed publication of her translation would demonstrate the intellectual equality of men and women. #womenMW #MuseumWeek
#ArtifactoftheDay  This #Bible  is the first Bible to ever be translated completely by a woman. During the mid-19th century, Julia E. Smith became deeply interested in Bible study. After teaching herself Hebrew and with some knowledge of Greek and Latin, she started translating the Bible. She translated word for word from the Hebrew and Greek, which resulted in unnatural English sentence structure. She translated the Bible into English five times from three different languages, Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, and did each without any assistance. But it wasn’t until 1876 that Julia and her sister Abby paid for the printing and publication of her Bible translation. Julia believed publication of her translation would demonstrate the intellectual equality of men and women. #womenMW  #MuseumWeek 
Lystra was a city of Galatia Province on the Via Sebaste and in the local Lycaonia region, southwest of Iconium and west of Derbe. The site is unexcavated, but archaeological surveys, Roman coins of colonia Lystra, and a stone altar from the 2nd century AD with the name of the city, “Lystra,” have allowed its identification. The acropolis occupied about 16 acres, while below was probably the rest of the town built on the flat area and near the stream. Lystra was established by Augustus as a colony along the Via Sebaste, and an inscription on a statue from Pisidian Antioch, donated by the colony of Lystra, also demonstrates its status. The locals revered Zeus, and a temple had been dedicated to him outside the city walls which has been tentatively identified by scanning technology. Hermes, often regarded as the messenger of Zeus, was another prominent god in the area. Ovid, who was familiar with the region, wrote a story taking place nearby in which the gods Zeus and Hermes appeared in human form and went to 1,000 homes in the area seeking hospitality. Only the elderly couple Philemon and Baucis were hospitable to them, and for this they were spared from wrath by flood which destroyed the valley and its people. 40 years later in Lystra, the hometown of Timothy, Paul and Barnabus proclaimed the Gospel and Paul miraculously healed a lame man in about 47 AD, but the locals mistook Paul for Hermes and Barnabus for Zeus, syncretizing Christianity with polytheism. A priest of Zeus facilitated worship by bringing oxen and garlands to the city gates, planning to offer a sacrifice. Paul and Barnabus explained who they were and stopped the crowds from offering a sacrifice, but an angry mob of Jews from Antioch and Iconium showed up, stoned Paul, dragged him out of the city, and left him for dead. Acts 14:6-21. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #lystra #turkey #derbe #iconium #zeus #temple #hermes #religion #paul #barnabus #ovid #roman #galatia #augustus #colony #timothy #christianity #church #acts #newtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday
Lystra was a city of Galatia Province on the Via Sebaste and in the local Lycaonia region, southwest of Iconium and west of Derbe. The site is unexcavated, but archaeological surveys, Roman coins of colonia Lystra, and a stone altar from the 2nd century AD with the name of the city, “Lystra,” have allowed its identification. The acropolis occupied about 16 acres, while below was probably the rest of the town built on the flat area and near the stream. Lystra was established by Augustus as a colony along the Via Sebaste, and an inscription on a statue from Pisidian Antioch, donated by the colony of Lystra, also demonstrates its status. The locals revered Zeus, and a temple had been dedicated to him outside the city walls which has been tentatively identified by scanning technology. Hermes, often regarded as the messenger of Zeus, was another prominent god in the area. Ovid, who was familiar with the region, wrote a story taking place nearby in which the gods Zeus and Hermes appeared in human form and went to 1,000 homes in the area seeking hospitality. Only the elderly couple Philemon and Baucis were hospitable to them, and for this they were spared from wrath by flood which destroyed the valley and its people. 40 years later in Lystra, the hometown of Timothy, Paul and Barnabus proclaimed the Gospel and Paul miraculously healed a lame man in about 47 AD, but the locals mistook Paul for Hermes and Barnabus for Zeus, syncretizing Christianity with polytheism. A priest of Zeus facilitated worship by bringing oxen and garlands to the city gates, planning to offer a sacrifice. Paul and Barnabus explained who they were and stopped the crowds from offering a sacrifice, but an angry mob of Jews from Antioch and Iconium showed up, stoned Paul, dragged him out of the city, and left him for dead. Acts 14:6-21. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #lystra  #turkey  #derbe  #iconium  #zeus  #temple  #hermes  #religion  #paul  #barnabus  #ovid  #roman  #galatia  #augustus  #colony  #timothy  #christianity  #church  #acts  #newtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday 
And I think to myself, what a wonderful world. #artifactoftheday
#ArtifactOfTheDay On the morning of October 26 1915, a German aeroplane of the Albatross type was attacked by a British airman and brought to earth 200 yards behind the 14th Battalion (RMR) trenches. / #ArtefactDuJour
Le matin du 26 octobre 1915, un avion allemand du type Albatross a été attaqué par un aviateur britannique. L'avion allemand est tombé à 200 mètres derrière les tranchées du 14e Batallion (RMR). #militaria #ww1planes #ww1 #worldwar1 #museumweek #militarymuseum #germanww1 #royalmontrealregiment #rmr
#ArtifactOfTheDay  On the morning of October 26 1915, a German aeroplane of the Albatross type was attacked by a British airman and brought to earth 200 yards behind the 14th Battalion (RMR) trenches. / #ArtefactDuJour  Le matin du 26 octobre 1915, un avion allemand du type Albatross a été attaqué par un aviateur britannique. L'avion allemand est tombé à 200 mètres derrière les tranchées du 14e Batallion (RMR). #militaria  #ww1planes  #ww1  #worldwar1  #museumweek  #militarymuseum  #germanww1  #royalmontrealregiment  #rmr 
This cup shaped launcher would be attached to the muzzle of the standard rifle and a disk was added to the base of the grenade. When the rifle fired a blank cartridge, the grenade was launched up to 600 feet. / Ce lanceur en forme de tasse était attaché au museau de la carabine standard et un disque était ajouté à la base de la grenade. Lorsque la carabine tirait une cartouche, la grenade pouvait être lancée jusqu'à 200 mètres. #millsbomb #grenade #grenadelauncher #militaria #leeenfield #ww1 #ww1rifle #worldwar1 #militarymuseum #artifactoftheday #artefactdujour
This cup shaped launcher would be attached to the muzzle of the standard rifle and a disk was added to the base of the grenade. When the rifle fired a blank cartridge, the grenade was launched up to 600 feet. / Ce lanceur en forme de tasse était attaché au museau de la carabine standard et un disque était ajouté à la base de la grenade. Lorsque la carabine tirait une cartouche, la grenade pouvait être lancée jusqu'à 200 mètres. #millsbomb  #grenade  #grenadelauncher  #militaria  #leeenfield  #ww1  #ww1rifle  #worldwar1  #militarymuseum  #artifactoftheday  #artefactdujour 
Sergius Paulus was a Roman patrician in the 1st century AD, serving under Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD), and known to have held the offices of proconsul of Cyprus and curator of the banks and channel of the Tiber river in Rome. Sergius Paulus may also be referenced on a stone inscribed decree found on Cyprus which regulated sacrifices and offerings at a temple, and possibly on a monumental inscription found at Pisidian Antioch. The inscription from Pisidian Antioch mentions L. Sergius Paulus, which is also the form of the name found in the context of the Tiber river curator from Rome. While the inscriptions from Cyprus are in Greek, this inscription from Pisidian Antioch is in Latin, demonstrating the use of Latin in colonies of Rome and suggesting a connection to a family which was of the patrician class and originally from Italy. According to Roman history and archaeological sources, the Sergii family is known to have been prominent in the region of Pisidian Antioch, based at a large estate northeast of the city in Vetissus, and was originally from Italy. This L. Sergius Paulus could have been the proconsul and later curator that Paul and Barnabus met at Paphos, Cyprus, or perhaps a relative. Further, the motivation for Paul and Barnabus going to Pisidian Antioch almost immediately after landing in Attalia may have been not only its status as a major city and colony, but because of the recent connection made with Sergius Paulus who had just become a Christian. Acts 13:7-14. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #antioch #pisidia #pisidianantioch #sergiuspaulus #sergii #inscription #latin #roman #empire #proconsul #curator #patrician #claudius #cyprus #turkey #galatia #paul #barnabus #apostles #acts #christian #newtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday #artifact
Sergius Paulus was a Roman patrician in the 1st century AD, serving under Emperor Claudius (41-54 AD), and known to have held the offices of proconsul of Cyprus and curator of the banks and channel of the Tiber river in Rome. Sergius Paulus may also be referenced on a stone inscribed decree found on Cyprus which regulated sacrifices and offerings at a temple, and possibly on a monumental inscription found at Pisidian Antioch. The inscription from Pisidian Antioch mentions L. Sergius Paulus, which is also the form of the name found in the context of the Tiber river curator from Rome. While the inscriptions from Cyprus are in Greek, this inscription from Pisidian Antioch is in Latin, demonstrating the use of Latin in colonies of Rome and suggesting a connection to a family which was of the patrician class and originally from Italy. According to Roman history and archaeological sources, the Sergii family is known to have been prominent in the region of Pisidian Antioch, based at a large estate northeast of the city in Vetissus, and was originally from Italy. This L. Sergius Paulus could have been the proconsul and later curator that Paul and Barnabus met at Paphos, Cyprus, or perhaps a relative. Further, the motivation for Paul and Barnabus going to Pisidian Antioch almost immediately after landing in Attalia may have been not only its status as a major city and colony, but because of the recent connection made with Sergius Paulus who had just become a Christian. Acts 13:7-14. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #antioch  #pisidia  #pisidianantioch  #sergiuspaulus  #sergii  #inscription  #latin  #roman  #empire  #proconsul  #curator  #patrician  #claudius  #cyprus  #turkey  #galatia  #paul  #barnabus  #apostles  #acts  #christian  #newtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday  #artifact 
In 1939, a special film and photographic unit was recommended to record to activities and achievement of the Canadian Army. In 1941, press photographers, commercial photographers along with service men who learn the trade joined under the Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit. / En 1939, la création d’une unité spéciale de film et de photographique fut recommandée afin d’enregistrer les activités et les réalisations de l'Armée canadienne. En 1941, des photographes de la presse, des photographes commerciaux ainsi que les hommes de service qui apprirent l’art de la photographie se sont joints à l'Unité de Film et de Photo de l'Armée canadienne. #ww2 #worldwar2 #worldwarii #warphotographer #warphotography #kodak #canadianarmy #vintagecamera #artefact #artifactoftheday #militaria #militarymuseum
In 1939, a special film and photographic unit was recommended to record to activities and achievement of the Canadian Army. In 1941, press photographers, commercial photographers along with service men who learn the trade joined under the Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit. / En 1939, la création d’une unité spéciale de film et de photographique fut recommandée afin d’enregistrer les activités et les réalisations de l'Armée canadienne. En 1941, des photographes de la presse, des photographes commerciaux ainsi que les hommes de service qui apprirent l’art de la photographie se sont joints à l'Unité de Film et de Photo de l'Armée canadienne. #ww2  #worldwar2  #worldwarii  #warphotographer  #warphotography  #kodak  #canadianarmy  #vintagecamera  #artefact  #artifactoftheday  #militaria  #militarymuseum 
We received the interesting 144th Infantry Regiment belt buckle this week. The donor found it while metal detecting at the old Camp Bowie area.  When the 36th ID was brought into US service they were taken from a Square Division (4 Infantry Regiments) to a Triangular one (3 Infantry Regt) so the 144th was taken away and ended up serving on the west coast of the US during WWII. #artifactoftheday #campbowie #beltbuckle #crossedrifles #infantry
We received the interesting 144th Infantry Regiment belt buckle this week. The donor found it while metal detecting at the old Camp Bowie area. When the 36th ID was brought into US service they were taken from a Square Division (4 Infantry Regiments) to a Triangular one (3 Infantry Regt) so the 144th was taken away and ended up serving on the west coast of the US during WWII. #artifactoftheday  #campbowie  #beltbuckle  #crossedrifles  #infantry 
Two different type of headgear from the United Nations, also called the blue berets, on the left  the ball cap and right the beret. The typical blue color is associated the United Nations Troops. The picture is from somewhere is Bosnia in late 1990’s. / Deux chapeaux différents provenant des Nations Unies, également appelés les bérets bleus, à gauche la casquette et à droite le béret. Cette couleur bleue typique est associés aux troupes des Nations Unies. La photo est de quelque part la Bosnie à la fin des années 1990. #bluehelmets #blueberet #royalmontrealregiment #unitednations #unitednation #bosnia #onu #peacekeeper #peacekeeping #artifactoftheday #artifact #militaria
Two different type of headgear from the United Nations, also called the blue berets, on the left the ball cap and right the beret. The typical blue color is associated the United Nations Troops. The picture is from somewhere is Bosnia in late 1990’s. / Deux chapeaux différents provenant des Nations Unies, également appelés les bérets bleus, à gauche la casquette et à droite le béret. Cette couleur bleue typique est associés aux troupes des Nations Unies. La photo est de quelque part la Bosnie à la fin des années 1990. #bluehelmets  #blueberet  #royalmontrealregiment  #unitednations  #unitednation  #bosnia  #onu  #peacekeeper  #peacekeeping  #artifactoftheday  #artifact  #militaria 
Cataloging a couple of early "T-Patches" this morning. This one is unusual as it seems to be between the WWI style and the 1930s style. The "T" has been hand embroidered in olive drab cotton thread. #ww1 #tpatch #36thinfantrydivision #artifactoftheday
Cataloging a couple of early "T-Patches" this morning. This one is unusual as it seems to be between the WWI style and the 1930s style. The "T" has been hand embroidered in olive drab cotton thread. #ww1  #tpatch  #36thinfantrydivision  #artifactoftheday 
Prop of the Day: This little birdie flew all the way from Paris to live with us in Brooklyn.  Her name is Coco.  #artifactprops #comingsoon #prophouse #propoftheday #artifactoftheday #propstyling #propstylist #photoshoot #photography #taxidermy #coco #french #parisian #bird #tabletopstyling #setdesign #advertising #editorial #digitalmarketing #propcloset
Even an ashtray can be more than meets the eye: in this case, a hidden cipher. #ArtifactoftheDay #spymuseum #spies #cipher #ashtray
Prop of the Day: magical amethyst goblet, drink from it and the weekend never ends... 😎#artifact #artifactprops #comingsoon #propoftheday #artifactoftheday #props #prophouse #photostylist #propstylist #propstyling #foodstyling #foodstylist #photoshoot #goblet #amethyst
.fertility.
.fertility.
Prop of the Day: The Palms are super sassy with their trendy globe lights and LA/Miami/North African vibes 🌴 #artifactprops #comingsoon #artifactoftheday #propoftheday #thepalms #prophouse #brooklyn #nyc #photostyling #photography #photoshoot #propshop #propstyling #propstylist #eventplanner #stuff #advertising #editorial #digitalmarketing
May 9th 1945 marks is end of World War II in Europe. The Battle of Berlin a Soviet offensive resulted in the unconditional surrender of the NSDAP signed in Karlshorst, Berlin on the night of May 8th 1945. May 9th became Victory Day and was celebrated throughout the USSR and countries of the Eastern Bloc. Today, many countries still commemorate this day and take this occasion to underline the contribution of war veterans. On this drawing, we have a Soviet soldier preparing foxholes. / 9 mai 1945, le marque la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale en Europe. La Bataille de Berlin, une offensive soviétique, a abouti à la capitulation inconditionnelle du NSDAP signé à Karlshorst à Berlin dans la nuit du 8 mai 1945. Le 9 mai est devenu la Journée de la Victoire et fut célébrée dans toute l'URSS et dans les pays du Bloc de l'Est. Aujourd'hui, de nombreux pays commémore ce jour et souligne la contribution des anciens combattants. Ce dessin illustre un soldat soviétique qui creuse une renardière. #VEDay #VictoryDay #деньпобеды #ww2 #worldwar2 #militarymuseum #artifactoftheday #sovietmilitaria #sovietarmy #militarybelt #militaria
May 9th 1945 marks is end of World War II in Europe. The Battle of Berlin a Soviet offensive resulted in the unconditional surrender of the NSDAP signed in Karlshorst, Berlin on the night of May 8th 1945. May 9th became Victory Day and was celebrated throughout the USSR and countries of the Eastern Bloc. Today, many countries still commemorate this day and take this occasion to underline the contribution of war veterans. On this drawing, we have a Soviet soldier preparing foxholes. / 9 mai 1945, le marque la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale en Europe. La Bataille de Berlin, une offensive soviétique, a abouti à la capitulation inconditionnelle du NSDAP signé à Karlshorst à Berlin dans la nuit du 8 mai 1945. Le 9 mai est devenu la Journée de la Victoire et fut célébrée dans toute l'URSS et dans les pays du Bloc de l'Est. Aujourd'hui, de nombreux pays commémore ce jour et souligne la contribution des anciens combattants. Ce dessin illustre un soldat soviétique qui creuse une renardière. #VEDay  #VictoryDay  #деньпобеды  #ww2  #worldwar2  #militarymuseum  #artifactoftheday  #sovietmilitaria  #sovietarmy  #militarybelt  #militaria 
What could this be ? For #MysteryMonday this week, we have a recent, and almost futuristic artifact. / Qu'est-ce que cela peut bien être ? L' #ObjetMystere de cette semaine est tres recent et presque futuriste. #museumofinstagram #militaryhistory #military #artifactoftheday #artifact #artefact #afghanistanwar #armytools #canadianarmy #militarymuseum
This commemorative inscription mentions Smyrna, an ancient city now surrounded by modern Izmir. The region eventually became part of Asia Province during the Roman period, and Smyrna, between Ephesus and Pergamum, developed into a wealthy port city and one of the most important cities of the province, with a population of nearly 100,000 residents. At this time, Smyrna was a city of great beauty and impressive architecture that circled Mount Pagus like a “crown." Walking through the city, one would a see the Ephesian gate, a gymnasium, a stadium, a theater, temples to various gods and Emperors, the harbor, a library, and a massive agora with a large basilica. In the book of Revelation, John addressed his second letter to Smyrna, as it was located just north of Ephesus and next on the semicircular route of the 7 churches of Asia Province. Revelation 2:8-11. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #smyrna #inscription #greek #asia #turkey #revelation #john #roman #christianity #church #newtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
This commemorative inscription mentions Smyrna, an ancient city now surrounded by modern Izmir. The region eventually became part of Asia Province during the Roman period, and Smyrna, between Ephesus and Pergamum, developed into a wealthy port city and one of the most important cities of the province, with a population of nearly 100,000 residents. At this time, Smyrna was a city of great beauty and impressive architecture that circled Mount Pagus like a “crown." Walking through the city, one would a see the Ephesian gate, a gymnasium, a stadium, a theater, temples to various gods and Emperors, the harbor, a library, and a massive agora with a large basilica. In the book of Revelation, John addressed his second letter to Smyrna, as it was located just north of Ephesus and next on the semicircular route of the 7 churches of Asia Province. Revelation 2:8-11. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #smyrna  #inscription  #greek  #asia  #turkey  #revelation  #john  #roman  #christianity  #church  #newtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
This lantern was collected from the ruins of a farm near Mount St. Eloi, in France. Shortly after the 2nd Canadian Division arrived in France, the Battle of Mount St. Eloi was fought from March 27th to April 16th 1916 and ended with the German winning the engagement and taking control of the region. / 
Cette lanterne a été recueillie sur les ruines d'une ferme près du Mont Saint-Éloi, en France. Peu de temps après l’arrivée de la 2e Division canadienne en France, la bataille du Mont Saint-Éloi a été menée du 27 mars au 16 avril 1916 et s'est terminée par une victoire allemande qui prirent le contrôle de la région. #ww1 #premiereguerremondiale #worldwar1 #artifactoftheday #lantern #artefact #canadaatwar #saintéloi #montsainteloi #militarymuseum #militaryhistory
This lantern was collected from the ruins of a farm near Mount St. Eloi, in France. Shortly after the 2nd Canadian Division arrived in France, the Battle of Mount St. Eloi was fought from March 27th to April 16th 1916 and ended with the German winning the engagement and taking control of the region. / Cette lanterne a été recueillie sur les ruines d'une ferme près du Mont Saint-Éloi, en France. Peu de temps après l’arrivée de la 2e Division canadienne en France, la bataille du Mont Saint-Éloi a été menée du 27 mars au 16 avril 1916 et s'est terminée par une victoire allemande qui prirent le contrôle de la région. #ww1  #premiereguerremondiale  #worldwar1  #artifactoftheday  #lantern  #artefact  #canadaatwar  #saintéloi  #montsainteloi  #militarymuseum  #militaryhistory 
#MysteryMonday ! Can you identify this practical artifact once used by a soldier? #ObjetMystere ! Êtes vous en mesure d'identifier cet artefacts qui fut très pratique pour un soldat ? #militaria #military #canadianarmy #soldierlife #museumofinstagram #militarymuseum #survivalkit #survival #museum #artifactoftheday #artifact
Natural mirrors, such as pools of water or polished stones, were used even before the earliest civilizations began, but the first known manufactured mirrors, made from flattened and highly polished metal, were found in Mesopotamia and date to before 3000 BC. While a glass-metal hybrid mirror was invented in Sidon in the 1st century AD, most mirrors continued to be made from materials such as bronze, copper, silver, and iron, even centuries later. These mirrors were typically small, round, held by a handle of metal, wood, or ivory, and had molding or engraving designs around the rim or on the reverse side. Because metal was difficult to form as a wide, flat, and thin surface, in addition to properties causing inaccurate color rendering and the constant need for polishing, even in the Roman period these mirrors produced distorted, dark, and unclear images. The Apostle Paul used the known image distortion of mirrors in antiquity, which he described as seeing an indirect image (or a riddle) in a mirror, contrasted with to seeing face to face, as a metaphor for spiritual knowledge on earth. 1 Corinthians 13:12. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #mirror #civilization #metallurgy #art #design #reflection #glass #sidon #roman #greek #riddle #knowledge #paul #apostle #corinthians #newtestament #bible #christianity #ancient #history #artifact #artifactoftheday
Natural mirrors, such as pools of water or polished stones, were used even before the earliest civilizations began, but the first known manufactured mirrors, made from flattened and highly polished metal, were found in Mesopotamia and date to before 3000 BC. While a glass-metal hybrid mirror was invented in Sidon in the 1st century AD, most mirrors continued to be made from materials such as bronze, copper, silver, and iron, even centuries later. These mirrors were typically small, round, held by a handle of metal, wood, or ivory, and had molding or engraving designs around the rim or on the reverse side. Because metal was difficult to form as a wide, flat, and thin surface, in addition to properties causing inaccurate color rendering and the constant need for polishing, even in the Roman period these mirrors produced distorted, dark, and unclear images. The Apostle Paul used the known image distortion of mirrors in antiquity, which he described as seeing an indirect image (or a riddle) in a mirror, contrasted with to seeing face to face, as a metaphor for spiritual knowledge on earth. 1 Corinthians 13:12. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #mirror  #civilization  #metallurgy  #art  #design  #reflection  #glass  #sidon  #roman  #greek  #riddle  #knowledge  #paul  #apostle  #corinthians  #newtestament  #bible  #christianity  #ancient  #history  #artifact  #artifactoftheday 
#ArtifactoftheDay: Gustav Graves’ dream mask, Die Another Day, 2002. North Korean Colonel Tan-Sun Moon undergoes gene-replacement therapy to turn himself into #GustavGraves, who builds a fortune mining gems & dealing in African blood diamonds. Unable to sleep as a side effect of his gene replacement therapy, Graves employs this "dream mask" to rejuvenate. 📷: @davidbuerkphoto #spymuseum #jamesbond #dreammask #DC #mydccool #dieanotherday
#ArtifactoftheDay : Gustav Graves’ dream mask, Die Another Day, 2002. North Korean Colonel Tan-Sun Moon undergoes gene-replacement therapy to turn himself into #GustavGraves , who builds a fortune mining gems & dealing in African blood diamonds. Unable to sleep as a side effect of his gene replacement therapy, Graves employs this "dream mask" to rejuvenate. 📷: @davidbuerkphoto #spymuseum  #jamesbond  #dreammask  #DC  #mydccool  #dieanotherday 
#ArtifactoftheDay New Testament from 1819 -- Osmanli Bibles are printed in three different scripts– Armenian, Arabic, and Greek, depending on who they are intended for. This New Testament is printed in Armenian, and was published by the Russian Bible Society in St. Petersburg. This edition, in part from the approval of the Armenian Patriarch, saw wide circulation in South Russia and modern Turkey and Armenia. #mBible #artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay  New Testament from 1819 -- Osmanli Bibles are printed in three different scripts– Armenian, Arabic, and Greek, depending on who they are intended for. This New Testament is printed in Armenian, and was published by the Russian Bible Society in St. Petersburg. This edition, in part from the approval of the Armenian Patriarch, saw wide circulation in South Russia and modern Turkey and Armenia. #mBible  #artifact 
RMR driver by night on 1943 wearing motorcycle googles on his helmet. Motorcycles were used to facilitate machine gun mobility or used in recognition missions during World War II. / Le conducteur du RMR pendant une nuit en 1943. Il porte sur son casque des lunettes de motocyclette. Les motocyclistes étaient utiles puisqu'ils rendaient les mitrailleuses mobiles et pouvaient être envoyés en mission de reconnaissance. #ww2 #worldwarii #worldwar2 #motorcycle #artifactoftheday #militaria #militarymuseum #militaryhistory #motorcyclerider #vintagegoogles #royalmontrealregiment #ww2motorcycle #ww2bike
RMR driver by night on 1943 wearing motorcycle googles on his helmet. Motorcycles were used to facilitate machine gun mobility or used in recognition missions during World War II. / Le conducteur du RMR pendant une nuit en 1943. Il porte sur son casque des lunettes de motocyclette. Les motocyclistes étaient utiles puisqu'ils rendaient les mitrailleuses mobiles et pouvaient être envoyés en mission de reconnaissance. #ww2  #worldwarii  #worldwar2  #motorcycle  #artifactoftheday  #militaria  #militarymuseum  #militaryhistory  #motorcyclerider  #vintagegoogles  #royalmontrealregiment  #ww2motorcycle  #ww2bike 
The Romans developed crucifixion into a science and used it as an effective political tool. In the Empire, punishment by crucifixion, usually reserved for slaves, criminals of low standing, and rebels, became a public spectacle. Besides the basic vertical stake or tree, Romans typically used a vertical pole with a beam across the top (patibulum), like a Latin T, or a vertical pole with an intersecting crossbeam, which according to early iconography and the titulus placed above the head, seems to have been the type used in the crucifixion of Jesus. The convicted would first undergo flogging with a flagellum or rods, sometimes placed in a furca (forklike yoke), and other forms of torture which severely weakened and could even kill the victim before being placed on the cross. The convicted then were bound to and forced to carry their crossbeam to the place of execution, if possible. After arriving, they would be nailed to the crossbeam and the stake. Nails, rather than ropes, were the standard means of attachment for crucifixion known from ancient records, including sources about a belief that crucifixion nails had magical powers. Skeletal remains of two individuals have been recovered which show conclusive signs of the use of nails in crucifixion during the 1st century AD in Judaea. The remains indicate that the men had been attached to the cross by placing nails in the wrists and feet. An iron nail was still present in the heel bone of one, while a nail was lodged between the bones of the wrist in the another. The severe trauma of preliminary beatings and nailing to the cross was extreme, and death was a result of hypovolemic shock (blood or fluid loss), heart failure, dehydration, asphyxiation, or stabbing by the soldiers. Survival was not an option for the crucified, but an excruciatingly painful and humiliating death that one hoped would be swift. According to the Gospels, Jesus was sentenced to and endured death by crucifixion, experiencing the punishments, protocols, and sequences known from Roman sources and archaeology. John 19:15-20. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #crucifixion #jesus #christ #goodfriday #cross #artifactoftheday #bible
The Romans developed crucifixion into a science and used it as an effective political tool. In the Empire, punishment by crucifixion, usually reserved for slaves, criminals of low standing, and rebels, became a public spectacle. Besides the basic vertical stake or tree, Romans typically used a vertical pole with a beam across the top (patibulum), like a Latin T, or a vertical pole with an intersecting crossbeam, which according to early iconography and the titulus placed above the head, seems to have been the type used in the crucifixion of Jesus. The convicted would first undergo flogging with a flagellum or rods, sometimes placed in a furca (forklike yoke), and other forms of torture which severely weakened and could even kill the victim before being placed on the cross. The convicted then were bound to and forced to carry their crossbeam to the place of execution, if possible. After arriving, they would be nailed to the crossbeam and the stake. Nails, rather than ropes, were the standard means of attachment for crucifixion known from ancient records, including sources about a belief that crucifixion nails had magical powers. Skeletal remains of two individuals have been recovered which show conclusive signs of the use of nails in crucifixion during the 1st century AD in Judaea. The remains indicate that the men had been attached to the cross by placing nails in the wrists and feet. An iron nail was still present in the heel bone of one, while a nail was lodged between the bones of the wrist in the another. The severe trauma of preliminary beatings and nailing to the cross was extreme, and death was a result of hypovolemic shock (blood or fluid loss), heart failure, dehydration, asphyxiation, or stabbing by the soldiers. Survival was not an option for the crucified, but an excruciatingly painful and humiliating death that one hoped would be swift. According to the Gospels, Jesus was sentenced to and endured death by crucifixion, experiencing the punishments, protocols, and sequences known from Roman sources and archaeology. John 19:15-20. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #crucifixion  #jesus  #christ  #goodfriday  #cross  #artifactoftheday  #bible 
Curious about this artifact? Find out more about this find from our hobby licenesse​ of the quarter in our April newsletter! It comes out tomorrow!! Have a guess as to what it is? Comment below! #dontthrowitbackthursday #archaeology #underwaterarchaeology #artifact #artifactoftheday
These wooden clogs were brought back as a souvenir from a soldier who fought in Holland during World War II. Between September 1944 and April 1945, Canada played an important role in the liberation of the Netherlands from NSDAP occupation. On May 5th, the capitulation document was signed. On this picture, Pte. Bud Astle is posing with a Dutch youngster in May 1945. / Ces sabots de bois ont été ramenés comme souvenir par un soldat qui a combattu en Hollande pendant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Entre septembre 1944 et avril 1945, le Canada a joué un rôle important dans la libération des Pays-Bas de l’occupation du NSDAP. Le 5 mai, le document de capitulation a été signé. Sur cette photo, le soldat Bud Astle pose avec un jeune néerlandais en mai 1945. #artifactoftheday #ww2 #worldwar2 #wo2 #canadaatwar #clog #footwear #militarymuseum #ww2history #ww2collections #netherlands #holland
These wooden clogs were brought back as a souvenir from a soldier who fought in Holland during World War II. Between September 1944 and April 1945, Canada played an important role in the liberation of the Netherlands from NSDAP occupation. On May 5th, the capitulation document was signed. On this picture, Pte. Bud Astle is posing with a Dutch youngster in May 1945. / Ces sabots de bois ont été ramenés comme souvenir par un soldat qui a combattu en Hollande pendant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale. Entre septembre 1944 et avril 1945, le Canada a joué un rôle important dans la libération des Pays-Bas de l’occupation du NSDAP. Le 5 mai, le document de capitulation a été signé. Sur cette photo, le soldat Bud Astle pose avec un jeune néerlandais en mai 1945. #artifactoftheday  #ww2  #worldwar2  #wo2  #canadaatwar  #clog  #footwear  #militarymuseum  #ww2history  #ww2collections  #netherlands  #holland 
A few scholars have suggested another early possible reference to Israel which appears on a broken Egyptian place name list from the New Kingdom and Late Bronze Age, approximately 1570-1200 BC (Berlin Fragment AM21687). The stone fragment was part of a list commemorating conquest or subjugation, possibly from a statue pedestal. Two place names are clearly visible as Ashkelon and Canaan. The third, which has partially broken hieroglyphs and was proposed as a variant spelling of Israel. The inscription seems to show i-3-sh-i-ir, using the reed leaf, possible falcon, lotus pool, reed leaf, and eye. If the reconstructed, probable glyphs are accepted, the inscription reads "i-3-sh-ir" or ashir/asher, not Israel. There is no "R" present after the "sh" which poses one huge problem. Further, on the Merneptah Stele, every glyph spelling “Israel” is different, reading y-s-r-i-3-r/l, which is equivalent to the Hebrew spelling Ysr3l. Finally, on the Berlin fragment, Ashkelon is spelled with a "L" (lion), but the unknown name uses the "ir" (eye) rather than using an "L", while both of the “L” sounds in “Ashkelon” and “Israel” are spelled with the “R” (mouth) on the Merneptah Stele, demonstrating consistency in the use of those particular hieroglyphs within a text. In the Merneptah Stele, Asheklon is followed by Gezer and then Yanoam, and all three cities are designated as foreign places, while the people determinative is used for Israel, showing that it was not referring to a place name. According to a comparison with known place names, Asher/Ashir, found for instance in Papyrus Anastasi I and the Karnak List of Ramesses II and possibly associated with the tribe Asher, is the most plausible option. This place name Asher (Hebrew “3shr”) is found in Late Bronze Age and New Kingdom texts, which is also the probable date of the Berlin Fragment. Joshua 17:7. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #israel #hieroglyphs #egyptian #inscription #asher #spelling #ashkelon #canaan #gezer #yanoam #merneptah #ramesses #karnak #anastasi #newkingdom #latebronze #joshua #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday #artifact
A few scholars have suggested another early possible reference to Israel which appears on a broken Egyptian place name list from the New Kingdom and Late Bronze Age, approximately 1570-1200 BC (Berlin Fragment AM21687). The stone fragment was part of a list commemorating conquest or subjugation, possibly from a statue pedestal. Two place names are clearly visible as Ashkelon and Canaan. The third, which has partially broken hieroglyphs and was proposed as a variant spelling of Israel. The inscription seems to show i-3-sh-i-ir, using the reed leaf, possible falcon, lotus pool, reed leaf, and eye. If the reconstructed, probable glyphs are accepted, the inscription reads "i-3-sh-ir" or ashir/asher, not Israel. There is no "R" present after the "sh" which poses one huge problem. Further, on the Merneptah Stele, every glyph spelling “Israel” is different, reading y-s-r-i-3-r/l, which is equivalent to the Hebrew spelling Ysr3l. Finally, on the Berlin fragment, Ashkelon is spelled with a "L" (lion), but the unknown name uses the "ir" (eye) rather than using an "L", while both of the “L” sounds in “Ashkelon” and “Israel” are spelled with the “R” (mouth) on the Merneptah Stele, demonstrating consistency in the use of those particular hieroglyphs within a text. In the Merneptah Stele, Asheklon is followed by Gezer and then Yanoam, and all three cities are designated as foreign places, while the people determinative is used for Israel, showing that it was not referring to a place name. According to a comparison with known place names, Asher/Ashir, found for instance in Papyrus Anastasi I and the Karnak List of Ramesses II and possibly associated with the tribe Asher, is the most plausible option. This place name Asher (Hebrew “3shr”) is found in Late Bronze Age and New Kingdom texts, which is also the probable date of the Berlin Fragment. Joshua 17:7. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #israel  #hieroglyphs  #egyptian  #inscription  #asher  #spelling  #ashkelon  #canaan  #gezer  #yanoam  #merneptah  #ramesses  #karnak  #anastasi  #newkingdom  #latebronze  #joshua  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday  #artifact 
#ArtifactoftheDay: G-Man ID Badges. 1930s. While G-Men fought spies and monsters, admiring recruits played Junior G-Men declaring the war on crime. #spymuseum #gmen #spies
SC Hobby Licensee @BillKocher recently reported this long, oddly-shaped glass #bottle that he recovered from the #CooperRiver. Due to the remarkable condition of the thin crystal-clear glass, Bill told us that he initially believed it to be a recent vintage and almost did not report it.  Without the original label, we'll probably never know what it contained before it landed on the bottom of the Cooper, but this kind of bottle typically dates to the late-19th or early-20th century. These narrow glass tubes were called Homeopathic Tube Vials by glass companies and they are identified by features such as the patent finish and absence of mold seams.  These #bottles were produced by a variety of manufacturers who featured minor variations in the lip, neck and finish. The page from the 1906 #IllinoisGlassCo. catalog on the right depicts some similar homeopathic tube vials.  The shorter, stubbier versions could contain powders, pills, or liquids, but the long versions like the one Bill reported most often contained a liquid medicinal mixture of some kind.  We're glad he didn't throw it back, and after we commented on his report, we're sure he is too!
SC Hobby Licensee @BillKocher recently reported this long, oddly-shaped glass #bottle  that he recovered from the #CooperRiver . Due to the remarkable condition of the thin crystal-clear glass, Bill told us that he initially believed it to be a recent vintage and almost did not report it.  Without the original label, we'll probably never know what it contained before it landed on the bottom of the Cooper, but this kind of bottle typically dates to the late-19th or early-20th century. These narrow glass tubes were called Homeopathic Tube Vials by glass companies and they are identified by features such as the patent finish and absence of mold seams.  These #bottles  were produced by a variety of manufacturers who featured minor variations in the lip, neck and finish. The page from the 1906 #IllinoisGlassCo . catalog on the right depicts some similar homeopathic tube vials.  The shorter, stubbier versions could contain powders, pills, or liquids, but the long versions like the one Bill reported most often contained a liquid medicinal mixture of some kind.  We're glad he didn't throw it back, and after we commented on his report, we're sure he is too!
Excavations at Caesarea Maritima discovered an inscribed monument stone reading “Tiberium, Pontius Pilatus, Prefect of Judaea...dedicated.” The inscription, dating between 26-36 AD, refers to a Roman politician, his title, and a dedication to Tiberius. Pontius Pilatus (Pilate) was appointed 5th prefect of Judaea Province in 26 AD while Tiberius was Emperor. However, Sejanus, commander of the Praetorian Guard, accumulated so much power and influence that he effectively ruled the Empire at this time. Because Sejanus rose to power just before Pilate was sent to Judaea, Pilate may have been appointed by Sejanus rather than Tiberius. Pilate had an irregularly long term as prefect, governing for over 10 years and having his tenure exceeded only by a few months by his predecessor Valerius Gratus, out of all the other prefects, procurators, or legates in Judaea. During his time as prefect, Pilate experienced at least 6 significant conflicts with the local population, with the last resulting in recall from the province in 36 AD. One of these was the trial of Jesus, since the prefect had power over life and death. After a series of events put Pilate at odds with many of the Judeans, matters were made more complicated when Sejanus was accused of a plot in 31 AD and subsequently assassinated, followed by the arrest and execution of many of his associates. The trial of Jesus in 33 AD came after Pilate had already angered the Judeans, and with a likely Sejanus association, he was in a delicate position that required him to stay in favor with the Emperor. When the Judeans told Pilate if he released Jesus he was no “friend of Caesar,” he clearly understood it as a threat to destroy his favor with Tiberius and endanger not only his career but his life. While Josephus and Philo depict Pilate as cruel and strong, rather than aloof and accommodating as portrayed in the trial narratives of the Gospels, this change in attitude is understandable in light of the situation. John 19:4-15. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #pilate #prefect #caesarea #jerusalem #trial #jesus #christ #judea #sejanus #tiberius #newtestament #bible #artifactoftheday
Excavations at Caesarea Maritima discovered an inscribed monument stone reading “Tiberium, Pontius Pilatus, Prefect of Judaea...dedicated.” The inscription, dating between 26-36 AD, refers to a Roman politician, his title, and a dedication to Tiberius. Pontius Pilatus (Pilate) was appointed 5th prefect of Judaea Province in 26 AD while Tiberius was Emperor. However, Sejanus, commander of the Praetorian Guard, accumulated so much power and influence that he effectively ruled the Empire at this time. Because Sejanus rose to power just before Pilate was sent to Judaea, Pilate may have been appointed by Sejanus rather than Tiberius. Pilate had an irregularly long term as prefect, governing for over 10 years and having his tenure exceeded only by a few months by his predecessor Valerius Gratus, out of all the other prefects, procurators, or legates in Judaea. During his time as prefect, Pilate experienced at least 6 significant conflicts with the local population, with the last resulting in recall from the province in 36 AD. One of these was the trial of Jesus, since the prefect had power over life and death. After a series of events put Pilate at odds with many of the Judeans, matters were made more complicated when Sejanus was accused of a plot in 31 AD and subsequently assassinated, followed by the arrest and execution of many of his associates. The trial of Jesus in 33 AD came after Pilate had already angered the Judeans, and with a likely Sejanus association, he was in a delicate position that required him to stay in favor with the Emperor. When the Judeans told Pilate if he released Jesus he was no “friend of Caesar,” he clearly understood it as a threat to destroy his favor with Tiberius and endanger not only his career but his life. While Josephus and Philo depict Pilate as cruel and strong, rather than aloof and accommodating as portrayed in the trial narratives of the Gospels, this change in attitude is understandable in light of the situation. John 19:4-15. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #pilate  #prefect  #caesarea  #jerusalem  #trial  #jesus  #christ  #judea  #sejanus  #tiberius  #newtestament  #bible  #artifactoftheday 
Happy #ChildrensBookDay!

#ArtifactoftheDay:This is a signed copy of Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia from 1951. Most are familiar with C.S. Lewis’s children’s novels "The Chronicles of Narina." Prince Caspian was the second book published in the series, but in recently sequenced editions, it is book four. This series has long been considered an allegory since its publication, and the character, Aslan the Lion is widely accepted as represent Jesus from the New Testament. In this beloved novel, the four Pevensie siblings return to Narnia to help Prince Caspian during a state of civil war. With the return of Aslan to help, they defeat their enemies. This copy is a first printing, first impression of C.S. Lewis’s Prince Caspian, originally published #PrinceCaspian: The Return to Narnia, and is signed by C.S. Lewis. #artifact #CSLewis
Happy #ChildrensBookDay ! #ArtifactoftheDay :This is a signed copy of Prince Caspian: The Return to Narnia from 1951. Most are familiar with C.S. Lewis’s children’s novels "The Chronicles of Narina." Prince Caspian was the second book published in the series, but in recently sequenced editions, it is book four. This series has long been considered an allegory since its publication, and the character, Aslan the Lion is widely accepted as represent Jesus from the New Testament. In this beloved novel, the four Pevensie siblings return to Narnia to help Prince Caspian during a state of civil war. With the return of Aslan to help, they defeat their enemies. This copy is a first printing, first impression of C.S. Lewis’s Prince Caspian, originally published #PrinceCaspian : The Return to Narnia, and is signed by C.S. Lewis. #artifact  #CSLewis 
Artifact of the day ! This special object was used in every wars. / Artefact du jour ! Ce très spécial objet fut utilisé dans pratiquement tous les guerres. #potato #rareartifact #artifactoftheday #museumofinstagram #museumobject #aprilfools #Vimy100 #Vimy100RMR #ww1 #ww2
Joseph Caiaphas was the acting high priest of Judaism in Jerusalem from about 18 to 36 AD, according to the Gospels, Acts, Josephus, and perhaps the Mishnah. He was appointed by the Roman prefect Valerius Gratus, and continued his tenure through the time of Pontius Pilatus. An ossuary of Miriam the daughter of Caiaphas, excavated in southwest Judah, contains an inscription demonstrating that the Caiaphas family was of the priestly lineage of Ma’aziah, a priest from the tribe of Levi who was appointed during the time of David, and it seems that his descendants continued to serve in the priesthood for centuries. The high priest Caiaphas himself is also known from an ossuary recovered from a tomb outside of 1st century AD Jerusalem. Twelve ossuaries were found inside the tomb, two of which have the family name “Caiaphas” inscribed on them. One particularly ornate ossuary had a 1st century Aramaic inscription reading Yehosef bar Qayafa (“Joseph, son of Caiaphas”), which fits the New Testament Greek spelling of the family name Kaiafa perfectly. Skeletal remains of six individuals were discovered inside the ossuary, including a man about 60 years old, which may have been the high priest. In addition to the name, location, and decorative quality of the ossuary, the date of the burial is before 70 AD, when ossuaries ceased to appear in Jerusalem, but from 43 AD or later, indicated by a 43 AD coin of Herod Agrippa I found in the skull of one of the skeletons. As a the high priest, a Sadducee, and part of the Sanhedrin, Caiaphas was instrumental in the plot to kill Jesus by a claiming charges of blasphemy and treason that would lead to execution. Ultimately, this led to the trial of Jesus before Caiaphas, who then sent him to the prefect Pilate due to requirements of Roman law about capital punishment. John 18:12-31.#archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #caiaphas #ossuary #jerusalem #priest #sadducee #sanhedrin #aramaic #inscription #burial #judea #trial #jesus #christ #christianity #roman #pilate #crucifixion #josephus #acts #mishnah #john #gospel #newtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday
Joseph Caiaphas was the acting high priest of Judaism in Jerusalem from about 18 to 36 AD, according to the Gospels, Acts, Josephus, and perhaps the Mishnah. He was appointed by the Roman prefect Valerius Gratus, and continued his tenure through the time of Pontius Pilatus. An ossuary of Miriam the daughter of Caiaphas, excavated in southwest Judah, contains an inscription demonstrating that the Caiaphas family was of the priestly lineage of Ma’aziah, a priest from the tribe of Levi who was appointed during the time of David, and it seems that his descendants continued to serve in the priesthood for centuries. The high priest Caiaphas himself is also known from an ossuary recovered from a tomb outside of 1st century AD Jerusalem. Twelve ossuaries were found inside the tomb, two of which have the family name “Caiaphas” inscribed on them. One particularly ornate ossuary had a 1st century Aramaic inscription reading Yehosef bar Qayafa (“Joseph, son of Caiaphas”), which fits the New Testament Greek spelling of the family name Kaiafa perfectly. Skeletal remains of six individuals were discovered inside the ossuary, including a man about 60 years old, which may have been the high priest. In addition to the name, location, and decorative quality of the ossuary, the date of the burial is before 70 AD, when ossuaries ceased to appear in Jerusalem, but from 43 AD or later, indicated by a 43 AD coin of Herod Agrippa I found in the skull of one of the skeletons. As a the high priest, a Sadducee, and part of the Sanhedrin, Caiaphas was instrumental in the plot to kill Jesus by a claiming charges of blasphemy and treason that would lead to execution. Ultimately, this led to the trial of Jesus before Caiaphas, who then sent him to the prefect Pilate due to requirements of Roman law about capital punishment. John 18:12-31.#archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #caiaphas  #ossuary  #jerusalem  #priest  #sadducee  #sanhedrin  #aramaic  #inscription  #burial  #judea  #trial  #jesus  #christ  #christianity  #roman  #pilate  #crucifixion  #josephus  #acts  #mishnah  #john  #gospel  #newtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday 
In 1918, during the Battle of Amiens, German prisoners wearing gas masks while they are carrying wounded. / En 1918, pendant La Bataille de Amiens, les soldats allemands portant des masques à gaz transportent des blessés. #gasmask #battleofamiens #ww1 #worldwar1 #pgm #1gm #artifactoftheday #artifact #museumobject #warpicture #militaria #onthispicture #gaswarfare
#ArtifactoftheDay Some illustrations, such as this one from an 1600s Ethiopic manuscript of the Gospels, are difficult to distinguish. The halo around the head of the seated scribe makes this individual a saint, and thus a candidate for being a biblical author, most likely Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, or King David. The elements of a throne room seen in this illustration, such as a throne type seat and a servant with an umbrella, lead us to believe this is likely David. #mBible #artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay  Some illustrations, such as this one from an 1600s Ethiopic manuscript of the Gospels, are difficult to distinguish. The halo around the head of the seated scribe makes this individual a saint, and thus a candidate for being a biblical author, most likely Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, or King David. The elements of a throne room seen in this illustration, such as a throne type seat and a servant with an umbrella, lead us to believe this is likely David. #mBible  #artifact 
Quintus Aemilius Secundus was an honored Roman military officer who served under the legate and former consul Publius Sulpicius Quirinius in Syria Province. According to his epitaph, by order of the legate Quirinius, he conducted a census of the region of Apamene, Syria, totaling 117,000 citizens. The inscription, found in former Syria Province, is often connected to a regional tax assessment and acquisition of the money of the deposed Herod Archelaus in Syria and Judaea, carried out by Quirinius and Coponius, which Josephus recorded. However, the census in this inscription, not a localized assessment, more logically connects to the earlier Empire wide census documented in the Deeds of the Divine Augustus and stated by Luke as the “first” census, while the second census is mentioned in Acts. The inscription demonstrates that a legate ordered the census, while a military officer carried it out at a local community level. According to Tertullian, the census around the birth of Jesus was taken by Saturninus, a governor or Legatus Augusti pro praetor of Syria from about 9 to 6 BC. Quirinius may have been the Legatus Legionis in Syria Province, commanding at least 3 legions in the area at this time, and also as a former consul was certainly deserving of the designation “ruler, leader, or commander” of Syria. Further, as it was Roman protocol for the military to actually conduct and oversee the census, it is logical that Luke would associate Quirinius with the census rather than Saturninus. Therefore, the census mentioned in this inscription was probably conducted around 8 BC or so, as part of the census of the Empire which Augustus commanded. Luke 2:2. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #epitaph #latin #inscription #secundus #quirinius #legate #augustus #census #apamea #venice #syria #province #roman #empire #josephus #jesus #nativity #tertullian #saturninus #ancient #history #gospels #newtestament #luke #bible #artifactoftheday #artifact
Quintus Aemilius Secundus was an honored Roman military officer who served under the legate and former consul Publius Sulpicius Quirinius in Syria Province. According to his epitaph, by order of the legate Quirinius, he conducted a census of the region of Apamene, Syria, totaling 117,000 citizens. The inscription, found in former Syria Province, is often connected to a regional tax assessment and acquisition of the money of the deposed Herod Archelaus in Syria and Judaea, carried out by Quirinius and Coponius, which Josephus recorded. However, the census in this inscription, not a localized assessment, more logically connects to the earlier Empire wide census documented in the Deeds of the Divine Augustus and stated by Luke as the “first” census, while the second census is mentioned in Acts. The inscription demonstrates that a legate ordered the census, while a military officer carried it out at a local community level. According to Tertullian, the census around the birth of Jesus was taken by Saturninus, a governor or Legatus Augusti pro praetor of Syria from about 9 to 6 BC. Quirinius may have been the Legatus Legionis in Syria Province, commanding at least 3 legions in the area at this time, and also as a former consul was certainly deserving of the designation “ruler, leader, or commander” of Syria. Further, as it was Roman protocol for the military to actually conduct and oversee the census, it is logical that Luke would associate Quirinius with the census rather than Saturninus. Therefore, the census mentioned in this inscription was probably conducted around 8 BC or so, as part of the census of the Empire which Augustus commanded. Luke 2:2. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #epitaph  #latin  #inscription  #secundus  #quirinius  #legate  #augustus  #census  #apamea  #venice  #syria  #province  #roman  #empire  #josephus  #jesus  #nativity  #tertullian  #saturninus  #ancient  #history  #gospels  #newtestament  #luke  #bible  #artifactoftheday  #artifact 
#ArtifactoftheDay: M-209 Cipher Machine (circa 1943). The M-209 is a small light-weight portable hand-operated mechanical cipher machine, for enciphering and deciphering coded messages in the field. It was developed by Hagelin in Sweden for the US Army, as the seccessor to the M-94 hand cipher. #spymuseum #gadgets #cipher #enigma #codebreaker
#ArtifactoftheDay : M-209 Cipher Machine (circa 1943). The M-209 is a small light-weight portable hand-operated mechanical cipher machine, for enciphering and deciphering coded messages in the field. It was developed by Hagelin in Sweden for the US Army, as the seccessor to the M-94 hand cipher. #spymuseum  #gadgets  #cipher  #enigma  #codebreaker 
Early during World War I, cavalry skirmishes took place in several locations on the front but because of the rise of technology the cavalry disappeared. Horses, mules and donkeys were used for transportation in terrible conditions and poor weather. / Au début de la Première Guerre mondiale, des escarmouches de la cavalerie ont eu lieu à plusieurs endroits sur le front, mais à cause de la montée de la technologie la cavalerie a disparu. Les chevaux, les mules et les ânes ont été utilisés pour le transport dans des conditions terribles et mauvais temps. #spurs #cavalier #cavalry #ww1 #premiereguerremondiale #militaria #artifactoftheday #museum #militarypics #militarymuseum #militaryhistory
Early during World War I, cavalry skirmishes took place in several locations on the front but because of the rise of technology the cavalry disappeared. Horses, mules and donkeys were used for transportation in terrible conditions and poor weather. / Au début de la Première Guerre mondiale, des escarmouches de la cavalerie ont eu lieu à plusieurs endroits sur le front, mais à cause de la montée de la technologie la cavalerie a disparu. Les chevaux, les mules et les ânes ont été utilisés pour le transport dans des conditions terribles et mauvais temps. #spurs  #cavalier  #cavalry  #ww1  #premiereguerremondiale  #militaria  #artifactoftheday  #museum  #militarypics  #militarymuseum  #militaryhistory 
#MysteryMonday this week is a Spot the Difference. Can you tell us how these two are different ? / Le #mystere de cette semaine est Trouvez La différence. Alors, qu'est ce qui différencie c'est deux #ObjetMystere ? #militarymuseum #militaria #instagames #artifactoftheday #akbayonet #akcollector
The Epic of Aqhat was discovered on three tablets of the 14th century BC recovered in excavations at the ancient city of Ugarit (KTU 1.17-1.19). Although the text is incomplete, the story focuses on a man named Danel ("God is judge") and his son Aqhat. The main character, Danel, is described as pious and just, and his actions imply that he is also wise. Called “man of the Rephaim” and “man of Haranam,” the text suggests that Danel was a king, and makes it clear that he was at least a prominent hero and influential man. In the story, it is revealed that Danel has no son and heir, so he makes a divine appeal through ritual and prayer, and El blesses him with a son, Aqhat. Unfortunately, due to the evil and covetousness of Anat, Aqhat is eventually killed because he would not sell his special bow to her. Although the tablet dates to the 14th century BC, it is surely a copy of an earlier work. Clues in the text point to the time of Danel as the Middle Bronze Age, around the time of Abraham, or possibly even earlier, and according to Jubilees he was the uncle of Enoch. Danel also briefly appears in another Ugaritic tablet, and is mentioned three times by Ezekiel alongside Noah and Job. In the Ezekiel passages, Danel is described as a righteous and wise man, but among those who could not save their son or daughter. While the Epic of Aqhat reflects a polytheistic worldview, the original story was probably adapted and redacted by Ilimilku, like Keret and the Baal Cycle, to coincide with the ideology and theology of Ugarit. Ezekiel 14:14-20. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #ugarit #ugaritic #aqhat #danel #daniel #epic #rephaim #canaan #syria #mesopotamia #hero #religion #ancient #history #patriarchs #abraham #noah #job #enoch #el #anat #baal #genesis #ezekiel #oldtestament #bible #artifactoftheday
The Epic of Aqhat was discovered on three tablets of the 14th century BC recovered in excavations at the ancient city of Ugarit (KTU 1.17-1.19). Although the text is incomplete, the story focuses on a man named Danel ("God is judge") and his son Aqhat. The main character, Danel, is described as pious and just, and his actions imply that he is also wise. Called “man of the Rephaim” and “man of Haranam,” the text suggests that Danel was a king, and makes it clear that he was at least a prominent hero and influential man. In the story, it is revealed that Danel has no son and heir, so he makes a divine appeal through ritual and prayer, and El blesses him with a son, Aqhat. Unfortunately, due to the evil and covetousness of Anat, Aqhat is eventually killed because he would not sell his special bow to her. Although the tablet dates to the 14th century BC, it is surely a copy of an earlier work. Clues in the text point to the time of Danel as the Middle Bronze Age, around the time of Abraham, or possibly even earlier, and according to Jubilees he was the uncle of Enoch. Danel also briefly appears in another Ugaritic tablet, and is mentioned three times by Ezekiel alongside Noah and Job. In the Ezekiel passages, Danel is described as a righteous and wise man, but among those who could not save their son or daughter. While the Epic of Aqhat reflects a polytheistic worldview, the original story was probably adapted and redacted by Ilimilku, like Keret and the Baal Cycle, to coincide with the ideology and theology of Ugarit. Ezekiel 14:14-20. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #ugarit  #ugaritic  #aqhat  #danel  #daniel  #epic  #rephaim  #canaan  #syria  #mesopotamia  #hero  #religion  #ancient  #history  #patriarchs  #abraham  #noah  #job  #enoch  #el  #anat  #baal  #genesis  #ezekiel  #oldtestament  #bible  #artifactoftheday 
#ArtifactoftheDay: The Old Rugged Cross signed by the author from 1913.

This American #hymn was written in 1912 by evangelist and song-leader George Bennard. The lyrics refer to the crucifixion of Jesus, which is found in all four Gospels. The hymn also draws on language found in Luke 9:23–24, Galatians 6:14, and Hebrews 13:12–13. It has been a gospel music favorite for decades, and has been performed by popular recording artists such as Mahalia Jackson, Brad Paisley, Willie Nelson, Alan Jackson, George Beverly Shea, and Johnny Cash and June Carter. The hymn even played a major part in a Doctor Who episode from 2007 to signify hope! #mBible #artifact
#ArtifactoftheDay : The Old Rugged Cross signed by the author from 1913. This American #hymn  was written in 1912 by evangelist and song-leader George Bennard. The lyrics refer to the crucifixion of Jesus, which is found in all four Gospels. The hymn also draws on language found in Luke 9:23–24, Galatians 6:14, and Hebrews 13:12–13. It has been a gospel music favorite for decades, and has been performed by popular recording artists such as Mahalia Jackson, Brad Paisley, Willie Nelson, Alan Jackson, George Beverly Shea, and Johnny Cash and June Carter. The hymn even played a major part in a Doctor Who episode from 2007 to signify hope! #mBible  #artifact 
#ArtifactoftheDay: A "covert listening device", more commonly known as a #bug or #wire, is a combination of a mini radio transmitter with a microphone. Perfect for eavesdropping on conversations. Today's modern bugs are more compact than ever, often as thin as human hair! A skilled agent can easily conceal these ingenious devices anywhere - phone, book, desk or belt buckle. Think you can spot one? #spymuseum #bugs #wiretap #gadgets #history
#ArtifactoftheDay : A "covert listening device", more commonly known as a #bug  or #wire , is a combination of a mini radio transmitter with a microphone. Perfect for eavesdropping on conversations. Today's modern bugs are more compact than ever, often as thin as human hair! A skilled agent can easily conceal these ingenious devices anywhere - phone, book, desk or belt buckle. Think you can spot one? #spymuseum  #bugs  #wiretap  #gadgets  #history 
#ArtifactoftheDay: The New Testament, American Navy Edition from 1917

In 1917, America entered World War I. The #AmericanBibleSociety was given the task to supply 1 million New Testaments to the armed forces through the YMCA, military chaplains, and military personnel. This Navy edition includes a message from President Woodrow Wilson. He states that “the Bible is the word of life,” and urges Americans to read their Bibles, “not just little snatches here and there, but long passages that will really be the road to the heart of it.” #mBible #history #WWI
#ArtifactoftheDay : The New Testament, American Navy Edition from 1917 In 1917, America entered World War I. The #AmericanBibleSociety  was given the task to supply 1 million New Testaments to the armed forces through the YMCA, military chaplains, and military personnel. This Navy edition includes a message from President Woodrow Wilson. He states that “the Bible is the word of life,” and urges Americans to read their Bibles, “not just little snatches here and there, but long passages that will really be the road to the heart of it.” #mBible  #history  #WWI 
Here's a super creepy porcelain doll face to fuel the terror of your nightmares tonight 😝 #archaeologylife #porcelaindoll #18thcentury #historic #philadelphia #artifactoftheday
In Central America, Guatemala according to archaeologists the earliest human settlements in this region date back over 14,000 years. In this region we can find numerous ancient artifacts, and among them is this one: The figure of a man lying inside what appears to be the shell of a turtle and according to legend, these are the giant flying turtles which flew around in Guatemala. Doesn't this little one look awesome?#artifacts #artifactoftheday #flyingturtles #guatemala #curiousartifacts #curious
In Central America, Guatemala according to archaeologists the earliest human settlements in this region date back over 14,000 years. In this region we can find numerous ancient artifacts, and among them is this one: The figure of a man lying inside what appears to be the shell of a turtle and according to legend, these are the giant flying turtles which flew around in Guatemala. Doesn't this little one look awesome?#artifacts  #artifactoftheday  #flyingturtles  #guatemala  #curiousartifacts  #curious 
#ArtifactoftheDay: Autographed poem by John Quincy Adams

This original poem references the 23rd Psalm and was written by the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams. “My Shepherd is the Lord on high, His hand supplies me still; In pastures green he makes me lie Beside the rippling rill He cheers my soul, relieves my woes, His glory to display; The paths of righteousness he shows, and leads me in his way.” #mBible #artifact #history
#ArtifactoftheDay : Autographed poem by John Quincy Adams This original poem references the 23rd Psalm and was written by the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams. “My Shepherd is the Lord on high, His hand supplies me still; In pastures green he makes me lie Beside the rippling rill He cheers my soul, relieves my woes, His glory to display; The paths of righteousness he shows, and leads me in his way.” #mBible  #artifact  #history 
Cyrus II, the Great, born to Median and Persian royalty, ruled about 559-529 BC. During his lifetime he combined and expanded the Median and Persian kingdoms into one of the largest empires on earth, founding what is known as the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In about 539 BC, after the conquest of Babylon and the freeing of exiled people, a clay cylinder with an Akkadian text was made to record the capture of the city of Babylon by the army Cyrus, without a battle and without damage to the city, and the return of captives to their homelands and restoration of their sacred images and temples. Rather than force foreign beliefs and policies on the provinces of his empire, Cyrus allowed the various subjugated nations a degree of autonomy and unique identity. The cylinder was then placed as a foundation deposit in the Esagila temple of Marduk in Babylon, where it was rediscovered. Among these exiles in Babylon were thousands from the Kingdom of Judah who had been conquered and captured by Nebuchadnezzar, but were freed by Cyrus in 539 BC, allowed to return home to Jerusalem, and given permission to rebuild their Temple. After the return to Jerusalem, Ezra, one of the former Judean exiles in Babylon, recorded these actions and policies of Cyrus, king of Persia, as they related to Judah and the Jerusalem Temple. Ezra 1:1-11. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #cyrus #achaemenid #empire #persia #medes #persians #iran #babylon #iraq #nebuchadnezzar #mesopotamia #cylinder #politics #akkadian #marduk #religion #temple #judah #jerusalem #yahweh #exile #ezra #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday
Cyrus II, the Great, born to Median and Persian royalty, ruled about 559-529 BC. During his lifetime he combined and expanded the Median and Persian kingdoms into one of the largest empires on earth, founding what is known as the Achaemenid Persian Empire. In about 539 BC, after the conquest of Babylon and the freeing of exiled people, a clay cylinder with an Akkadian text was made to record the capture of the city of Babylon by the army Cyrus, without a battle and without damage to the city, and the return of captives to their homelands and restoration of their sacred images and temples. Rather than force foreign beliefs and policies on the provinces of his empire, Cyrus allowed the various subjugated nations a degree of autonomy and unique identity. The cylinder was then placed as a foundation deposit in the Esagila temple of Marduk in Babylon, where it was rediscovered. Among these exiles in Babylon were thousands from the Kingdom of Judah who had been conquered and captured by Nebuchadnezzar, but were freed by Cyrus in 539 BC, allowed to return home to Jerusalem, and given permission to rebuild their Temple. After the return to Jerusalem, Ezra, one of the former Judean exiles in Babylon, recorded these actions and policies of Cyrus, king of Persia, as they related to Judah and the Jerusalem Temple. Ezra 1:1-11. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #cyrus  #achaemenid  #empire  #persia  #medes  #persians  #iran  #babylon  #iraq  #nebuchadnezzar  #mesopotamia  #cylinder  #politics  #akkadian  #marduk  #religion  #temple  #judah  #jerusalem  #yahweh  #exile  #ezra  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday 
#ArtifactoftheDay Chain Bible from 1530 -- Attached to this Latin #Bible is an early security system, its original handmade chain. Large printed works, such as this one, were expensive. To protect against theft, early libraries and churches would attach an iron eyelet to the cover of their most valuable books, which would allow for a chain to be attached to an iron bar on a desk. As books became less expensive in the 1500s, it fell out of use. Bibles with their original chain, such as this one, are rare to find today. #mBible #artifact #history
#ArtifactoftheDay  Chain Bible from 1530 -- Attached to this Latin #Bible  is an early security system, its original handmade chain. Large printed works, such as this one, were expensive. To protect against theft, early libraries and churches would attach an iron eyelet to the cover of their most valuable books, which would allow for a chain to be attached to an iron bar on a desk. As books became less expensive in the 1500s, it fell out of use. Bibles with their original chain, such as this one, are rare to find today. #mBible  #artifact  #history 
#Repost @museumofbible
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#ArtifactoftheDay Johnny Cash’s Bible -- This Thompson Chain-Reference Bible from 1964 was owned by American singer-songwriter Johnny Cash. Cash wrote on the front endpaper seen here, in case the #Bible was misplaced. He once mentioned that he had a shack on his property that he would go to, sit around, and read. “I read novels but I also read the Bible. And study it, you know? And the more I learn, the more excited I get.” #mBible #artifact #JohnnyCash
#Repost  @museumofbible ・・・ #ArtifactoftheDay  Johnny Cash’s Bible -- This Thompson Chain-Reference Bible from 1964 was owned by American singer-songwriter Johnny Cash. Cash wrote on the front endpaper seen here, in case the #Bible  was misplaced. He once mentioned that he had a shack on his property that he would go to, sit around, and read. “I read novels but I also read the Bible. And study it, you know? And the more I learn, the more excited I get.” #mBible  #artifact  #JohnnyCash 
The “Gold of Valor” or “Gold of Honor” was an ancient Egyptian award, usually in the form of a large gold necklace, given to those who performed exceptional service to the Pharaoh and the nation. The practice goes back to at least the 2nd Intermediate Period, as Kamose and Ahmose I awarded it to queen Ahhotep for her support in the war against the Hyksos, and the discovery of a ceremonial offering of severed hands in association with the honor, found at Avaris, demonstrates that it was an Egyptian custom adopted by the Hyksos. High ranking soldiers and officers of the king, such as Horemheb and Ay, also received this award. In the tomb of Horemheb at Saqqara, a stone relief depicts him receiving the Gold of Valor for his exceptional service as commander of the army. Ironically, Horemheb demolished many of the monuments of Akhenaten and Atenism once he became Pharaoh, reverting to the old ways and reversing what had been done by the Pharaohs he had served. After Joseph (T3w p3 nTr p3 ‘nx?) interpreted a dream about a future famine for the Pharaoh, then advised the king that they should gather 20% of produce during the good years and store it under guard for the coming years of famine, the Pharaoh awarded Joseph the “gold necklace” or Gold of Valor for wisdom which would save Egypt. Genesis 41:25-45. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #egypt #goldofvalor #horemheb #army #art #pharaoh #amarna #akhenaten #aten #ay #king #award #service #joseph #hyksos #famine #avaris #saqqara #god #life #genesis #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history #artifactoftheday #hieroglyphs
The “Gold of Valor” or “Gold of Honor” was an ancient Egyptian award, usually in the form of a large gold necklace, given to those who performed exceptional service to the Pharaoh and the nation. The practice goes back to at least the 2nd Intermediate Period, as Kamose and Ahmose I awarded it to queen Ahhotep for her support in the war against the Hyksos, and the discovery of a ceremonial offering of severed hands in association with the honor, found at Avaris, demonstrates that it was an Egyptian custom adopted by the Hyksos. High ranking soldiers and officers of the king, such as Horemheb and Ay, also received this award. In the tomb of Horemheb at Saqqara, a stone relief depicts him receiving the Gold of Valor for his exceptional service as commander of the army. Ironically, Horemheb demolished many of the monuments of Akhenaten and Atenism once he became Pharaoh, reverting to the old ways and reversing what had been done by the Pharaohs he had served. After Joseph (T3w p3 nTr p3 ‘nx?) interpreted a dream about a future famine for the Pharaoh, then advised the king that they should gather 20% of produce during the good years and store it under guard for the coming years of famine, the Pharaoh awarded Joseph the “gold necklace” or Gold of Valor for wisdom which would save Egypt. Genesis 41:25-45. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #egypt  #goldofvalor  #horemheb  #army  #art  #pharaoh  #amarna  #akhenaten  #aten  #ay  #king  #award  #service  #joseph  #hyksos  #famine  #avaris  #saqqara  #god  #life  #genesis  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history  #artifactoftheday  #hieroglyphs 
The city of Megiddo in central Canaan was one of the most powerful in the region during the Late Bronze Age (1500-1200 BC), ruled by a king who exercised power over a small city state. An ivory plaque from the 13th century BC depicts a king of Megiddo, along with a priest, musician, servants, soldiers, a chariot, and captives. During this period, the Palace complex occupied up to 1,000 m2, and the king commanded a significant military force, emboldened by their priests who used divination to predict victories or made sacrifices in an attempt to convince the gods to sway battle in their favor. The city itself probably had a maximum population of no more than 7,000 people, but the army was composed of around 1,000 chariots, hundreds of armored infantry, and over 500 archers, which was enough to mount a successful defense against most of their opponents. Although Megiddo was attacked and subdued by Thutmose III and the Egyptians, then the city and its king were defeated by Joshua and the Israelites perhaps assisted by Labayu of Shechem, the city was rebuilt and the Canaanites continued to control it for hundreds of years. Joshua 12:21. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #megiddo #city #canaan #king #priest #religion #polytheism #divination #army #chariot #egypt #israel #thutmose #joshua #conquest #amarna #labayu #latebronze #palace #ivory #plaque #artifact #artifactoftheday #oldtestament #bible #ancient #history
The city of Megiddo in central Canaan was one of the most powerful in the region during the Late Bronze Age (1500-1200 BC), ruled by a king who exercised power over a small city state. An ivory plaque from the 13th century BC depicts a king of Megiddo, along with a priest, musician, servants, soldiers, a chariot, and captives. During this period, the Palace complex occupied up to 1,000 m2, and the king commanded a significant military force, emboldened by their priests who used divination to predict victories or made sacrifices in an attempt to convince the gods to sway battle in their favor. The city itself probably had a maximum population of no more than 7,000 people, but the army was composed of around 1,000 chariots, hundreds of armored infantry, and over 500 archers, which was enough to mount a successful defense against most of their opponents. Although Megiddo was attacked and subdued by Thutmose III and the Egyptians, then the city and its king were defeated by Joshua and the Israelites perhaps assisted by Labayu of Shechem, the city was rebuilt and the Canaanites continued to control it for hundreds of years. Joshua 12:21. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #megiddo  #city  #canaan  #king  #priest  #religion  #polytheism  #divination  #army  #chariot  #egypt  #israel  #thutmose  #joshua  #conquest  #amarna  #labayu  #latebronze  #palace  #ivory  #plaque  #artifact  #artifactoftheday  #oldtestament  #bible  #ancient  #history 
#ArtifactoftheDay The #Bible of Private George R. Rome. This Bible was printed in 1864 for soldiers during the Civil War. By the end of the war, over 150,000 black soldiers fought for the Union and freedom, including Private George R. Rome. Private Rome, pictured in the tintype, was part of the 55th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. #mBible #artifact #history
#ArtifactoftheDay  The #Bible  of Private George R. Rome. This Bible was printed in 1864 for soldiers during the Civil War. By the end of the war, over 150,000 black soldiers fought for the Union and freedom, including Private George R. Rome. Private Rome, pictured in the tintype, was part of the 55th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. #mBible  #artifact  #history 
"Bright Ideas" features an impressive variety of Islamic Era oil lamps, such as this one. Oil lamps were used by the ancient people of the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa to light their homes at night. They were often fueled by fish oil, animal oil, or olive oil. 
#ArtifactOfTheDay from #BrightIdeas 🕯
Oil Lamp with Globular Body and Tall Neck • glazed terra cotta • unknown country (Middle East) • 1000 CE
"Bright Ideas" features an impressive variety of Islamic Era oil lamps, such as this one. Oil lamps were used by the ancient people of the Middle East, Europe, and North Africa to light their homes at night. They were often fueled by fish oil, animal oil, or olive oil. #ArtifactOfTheDay  from #BrightIdeas  🕯 Oil Lamp with Globular Body and Tall Neck • glazed terra cotta • unknown country (Middle East) • 1000 CE
Do you take your shots with or without a chaser? Whomever used this privy a hundred years ago might have chose a chaser.... #archaeologist #archaeology #crmarch #archaeologylab #beer #whisky #whiskey #artifactoftheday #aotd #archaeologyfridays #historicarchaeology
Archaeology news today - based on info gleaned from plat maps we thought we had a site from the 1850s but thanks to this heavily rusted, folded bit of can (internal lap seam) it appears we are looking at a post 1888 site instead.... #archaeology #archaeologist #archaeologylab #archaeologylife #crmarch #historicarchaeology #artifactoftheday #aotd
#ArtifactoftheDay: Motel Kit (Amplifier), issued by CIA, 1970. By placing the microphone of this unit on a wall and listening through the earpiece, agents could eavesdrop on activities in an adjacent room. #spymuseum #CIA #trustnoone
#ArtifactoftheDay : Motel Kit (Amplifier), issued by CIA, 1970. By placing the microphone of this unit on a wall and listening through the earpiece, agents could eavesdrop on activities in an adjacent room. #spymuseum  #CIA  #trustnoone 
Artifacts reveal beauty, history, and incredible stories in the most unlikely of places. This is part of a packing crate used to send supplies for the troops to Clara Barton. Barton would deliver these supplies to the battlefield and help however she could while she was there. Thus, the "Angel of the Battlefield" was born.
#artifact #artifactoftheday #museum #CivilWar #ClaraBarton #19thCentury #vintage #zoom #detail #closeup #dchistory #womenshistory #histmed #nursinghistory 
This artifact is on loan from the GSA.
Artifacts reveal beauty, history, and incredible stories in the most unlikely of places. This is part of a packing crate used to send supplies for the troops to Clara Barton. Barton would deliver these supplies to the battlefield and help however she could while she was there. Thus, the "Angel of the Battlefield" was born. #artifact  #artifactoftheday  #museum  #CivilWar  #ClaraBarton  #19thCentury  #vintage  #zoom  #detail  #closeup  #dchistory  #womenshistory  #histmed  #nursinghistory  This artifact is on loan from the GSA.
In the Roman Republic and Empire, a bestiarius was a person who went into arena combat against a powerful wild animal, either as a form of execution or a combat competition similar to gladiators. The animals were typically lions or bears which were hungry, angry, and ready to kill any human near them. According to Cicero, one such lion successfully killed 200 bestiarii. When a person was condemned to death “ad bestias” as an enemy of the state, they were forced into the arena unarmed and often chained, with virtually no hope of survival, especially if multiple beasts were available to be sent against the condemned. During times of persecution, many Christians in the Roman Empire were sentenced to death by beast as a spectacle in the arenas, probably beginning in the reign of Claudius. A 1st century oil lamp from the Province of Asia in western Turkey depicts a man, condemned ad bestias, being attacked by two lions. Similar artwork, including a marble relief, has also been discovered at Ephesus. Roman documents record stories of prisoners committing suicide rather than facing death by wild animal. Early Christians such as Tertullian and Cyprian described the practice as perverse, inhuman, and repulsive. When the Apostle Paul was at Ephesus in the Province of Asia around 52-55 AD, he may have been forced into the arena as a bestiarii, possibly as a result of fierce opposition to Christianity in Ephesus by the followers of Artemis, but he survived and carried on his mission. 1 Corinthians 15:32. #archaeology #biblicalarchaeology #biblearchaeology #bestiarius #bestiarii #beast #lion #bear #execution #gladiator #persecution #martyr #lamp #christian #christianity #asia #turkey #ephesus #artemis #rome #emperor #claudius #cicero #paul #apostle #corinthians #epistle #newtestament #bible #artifactoftheday
In the Roman Republic and Empire, a bestiarius was a person who went into arena combat against a powerful wild animal, either as a form of execution or a combat competition similar to gladiators. The animals were typically lions or bears which were hungry, angry, and ready to kill any human near them. According to Cicero, one such lion successfully killed 200 bestiarii. When a person was condemned to death “ad bestias” as an enemy of the state, they were forced into the arena unarmed and often chained, with virtually no hope of survival, especially if multiple beasts were available to be sent against the condemned. During times of persecution, many Christians in the Roman Empire were sentenced to death by beast as a spectacle in the arenas, probably beginning in the reign of Claudius. A 1st century oil lamp from the Province of Asia in western Turkey depicts a man, condemned ad bestias, being attacked by two lions. Similar artwork, including a marble relief, has also been discovered at Ephesus. Roman documents record stories of prisoners committing suicide rather than facing death by wild animal. Early Christians such as Tertullian and Cyprian described the practice as perverse, inhuman, and repulsive. When the Apostle Paul was at Ephesus in the Province of Asia around 52-55 AD, he may have been forced into the arena as a bestiarii, possibly as a result of fierce opposition to Christianity in Ephesus by the followers of Artemis, but he survived and carried on his mission. 1 Corinthians 15:32. #archaeology  #biblicalarchaeology  #biblearchaeology  #bestiarius  #bestiarii  #beast  #lion  #bear  #execution  #gladiator  #persecution  #martyr  #lamp  #christian  #christianity  #asia  #turkey  #ephesus  #artemis  #rome  #emperor  #claudius  #cicero  #paul  #apostle  #corinthians  #epistle  #newtestament  #bible  #artifactoftheday 
Our Collections Manager delivered some very special artifacts to the Museum today, including this original copy of the Roll of Missing Men No. 5. Barton sent these lists of missing soldiers around the country, searching for over 60,000 missing soldiers.
#ClaraBarton #MissingSoldiers #POWMIA #Artifact #ArtifactOfTheDay #AOTD #CivilWar #History #igdc #dcfocused #myDCcool
Artifact is on loan from the GSA