The “Nineveh Chronicle” from about 550 BC, part of the Babylonian Chronicles, preserves a record of the destruction of Nineveh, which led to the fall of the Neo-Assyrian Empire. In 612 BC, after a 3 month siege on what was then the largest city in the world, the Assyrian capital of Nineveh was conquered and destroyed by a coalition led by the Babylonians under King Nabopolassar, with help from the Medes. Archaeological evidence of this destruction includes razed buildings and the discovery of many skeletons in the ruins of the conquered city. The Assyrian king Sinsharishkun died, but a prince escaped and continued a minor resistance until the battle of Carchemish in 605 BC, when the Neo-Assyrian Empire was finally eliminated and the Babylonians reigned supreme. The Kingdom of Judah had been repeatedly attacked by the Assyrians over the last century, suffering through both defeats and tribute payments, but surviving. The prophets Nahum, Zephaniah, and Jeremiah mentioned the fall of Nineveh and the Assyrians, and no doubt many of the people saw Divine justice carried out when Assyrian was defeated. However, only a few years after Nineveh was destroyed, the Babylonians forced Judah into becoming a vassal state, eventually leading to a rebellion and the destruction of Jerusalem. Nahum 2:8-3:19. #archaeology#biblicalarchaeology#biblearchaeology#nineveh#city#siege#assyria#assyrian#babylonian#cuneiform#nabopolassar#chronicle#judah#nahum#zephaniah#jeremiah#oldtestament#bible#ancient#history#artifact#artifactoftheday
Adad-Nirari III was an Assyrian king who ruled about 810-783 BC during a time of recovery for Assyria, which had just endured a civil war, although they were the dominant empire in the Near East. Based at Nineveh, which was a residence of many 9th-7th century BC Assyrian kings, Adad-Nirari III also finished a palace there and repaired the temple to Nabu. Like most Assyrian kings, Adad-Nirari III led military campaigns, including against Damascus, and he maintained control over Babylon, but his government also had a group of royal officials that wielded more power than was usual in Assyria and there may have been rival “kings” who controlled other areas of the empire. The Tell al-Rimah stele was discovered in Nineveh province at a site thought to be ancient Qatara or Karana. The stele, which was commissioned in about 797 BC, depicts Adad-Nirari III and contains a 21 line cuneiform inscription honoring the god Adad, noting titles of the king, and recording military campaigns and tributes in the west. The text specifically mentions subjugating Damascus, and also a tribute paid by Jehoash the Samarian, king of Israel. The conquest of Damascus by a “savior” in the book of Kings probably refers to a campaign of Adad-Nirari III. According to Assyrian documents, Adad-Nirari III seems to have ceased military campaigns after about 800 BC, and he is probably the “king of Nineveh” referenced in the book of Jonah who told his people to turn from evil and violence. Jonah 3:3-10. #archaeology#biblicalarchaeology#biblearchaeology#assyria#nineveh#ashur#iraq#mosul#adadnirari#assyrian#military#war#damascus#jehoash#israel#kings#prophet#jonah#god#bible#oldtestament#ancient#history#artifactoftheday#stele#cuneiform
#ArtifactoftheDay Spanish Inquisition Torah Scroll on gevil with mantle. Spain, late 1400s–1520s. This #Torah scroll is an example of the rich Sephardic culture which thrived in #Spain , prior to the Inquisition. #mBible
The cultrun is a ceremonial percussion instrument used by the Mapuche people in Chile. The donors of this particular piece lived in Chile, and one of their students gave it to them as a parting gift.
This piece, along with others from Chile and around the world, is featured in our current exhibit highlighting the intercultural experiences of our donors. Hours are Friday, Saturday, Sunday 2-4 pm. Admission is free.
#ArtifactoftheDay KJV Bible (1774) with a poem, “Precious Bible, What a Treasure,” by John Newton. It will be in our Amazing Grace exhibit which will accompany Broadway's Amazing Grace: The Musical at our World Stage Theater! #amazinggrace#mBible#broadway
#ArtifactoftheDay : Bible translated by the Puritan missionary John Eliot (ca. 1604–1690), who adapted the Latin alphabet to write this Native American language.
#DYK the first translation of the Bible into the language of Native Americans was also the first complete Bible printed in America! #mBible#BibleTrivia
For over 2,500 years, the Samaritans have venerated only the Torah as scripture, and continue to use only their version of the Torah. This scroll is attributed to the scribe Shalmah ben Abraham, and may have been written around 1166. This makes the museum’s scroll one of the four earliest surviving examples of this biblical textual tradition. #mBible#ArtifactoftheDay
#ArtifactoftheDay Wycliffite New Testament.
The Wycliffite Bible, produced in the 1380s, was the first complete Bible in English. Though associated with John Wycliffe, it seems that the majority of the translation was completed by associates of his. In 1408, in response to the spread of the English Bible and Wycliffe’s writings, the Constitution of Oxford ruled that any translation of the Bible into English or any other language done on one's own authority was punishable by excommunication.
This particular New Testament is from a later version of the Wycliffite Bible that is in a more readable style than the strictly literal first version. In the front is a table of the biblical texts used in the Latin mass so that the reader could better understand the biblical texts in Latin during church services. The ban on English translations lasted 120 years, only being lifted under Henry VIII in 1539. Despite this, the Wycliffite translation was hugely popular, as witnessed by around 250 surviving manuscripts. Many prominent individuals, among them kings, owned copies. The Wycliffite Bible is a landmark artifact for the history of the Bible in English. #mBible#newtestament
#ArtifactoftheDay Gutenberg Bible Leaf, Biblia Latina, 4 Esdras 8:12–9:17
The Bible was the first major book printed on Gutenberg’s movable-type printing press. The year of the first printing cannot be determined with certainty, but sometime in the middle of the 1450s Gutenberg produced a copy of the Latin Vulgate, Biblia Latina.
The Gutenberg Bible is a two-column text printed with red and blue ornamentation added by hand after it came off the press. This means that each Gutenberg Bible has its own unique characteristics. Gutenberg produced approximately 180 copies of his Bible, but only about twenty are known to survive today. Gutenberg’s Bible closely resembles a manuscript using typeset that mimics period handwriting, with illustrations painted by an artist’s hand. As printing became more common, the style began to change into a look that was uniquely its own, allowing printing to become artistic as well as utilitarian. The Gutenberg press marked the beginning of an information revolution that allowed for rapid spread of ideas, information, and the Bible. #mBible#print
#ArtifactoftheDay Early Jewish Prayer Book
This early Jewish prayer book contains daily prayers, poetry, an apocalyptic text, and a Passover haggadah section that mysteriously was written upside down in the codex. Structured Jewish prayers first began to be standardized in Babylonia around AD 860, while Hebrew poetry was more in vogue in the Levant during this period.
This codex contains both, which captures the exchange of ideas between the two Jewish communities. Only in the tenth century would intellectual leaders in the Jewish academies in Babylonia (modern Iraq) begin to solidify standards for Jewish prayers. This early Jewish prayer book provides a rare glimpse into this historical process, and affords a view of the intellectual developments of medieval Judaism. #mBible#Jewish#prayer
#ArtifactoftheDay Stephanus, New Testament, Volume I
Polyglots, or books which contains the text of the Bible in multiple languages running alongside another, allow Bible translators to get a better sense of the meaning of the biblical text. This particular polyglot contains Latin vulgate, original Greek, and Erasmus's Latin Edition, respectively. #mBible#Greek#Latin
#ArtifactoftheDay Gospels in Arabic and Latin from ca. 1591
Art has made the content of the Bible relatable, accessible, debatable, and inspirational. The early stages of printed images began with woodblock printing, which involved carving a picture into a block of wood and applying ink to the raised areas leaving the cut depressions ink-free. The process is very similar to rubber stamping today. The woodcut seen here is in the “Evangelium Sanctum Domini” which was the first printed edition of the Gospels in Arabic and Latin. #wood#mBible#art
An MBE is an honour recognizing outstanding achievements or service to the community which has had a significant long-term impact. Pictured here is the MBE medal awarded to Sveinn Thorvalson. #artifactoftheday#nihmgimli
On the 5th of February, 1934, Stephan Guttormsson, an Icelandic-Canadian inventor was inducted into the Chartered Institute of American Inventors. Shown here are his handwritten paper, and membership certificates for 1936 and 1934 respectively. #artifactoftheday#nihmgimli
#ArtifactoftheDay : John Wesley’s pocket watch from ca. 1775
This sterling watch belonged to John Wesley, and has an inscription in the case reading: “Jn Wesley/ Bristol.” John Wesley was an English Anglican cleric and theologian who was a founding member of Methodism. John Wesley was known for his punctuality, every minute had a value to him for both work and rest. In his old age, as he stood waiting for his carriage, he remarked, “I have lost ten minutes, and they are lost forever.” Considered one of the 100 Greatest Britons, Wesley wrote in his preface to his Sermons, “O give me that book, at any price give me the book of God! I have it. Here is knowledge enough for me. Let me be homo unius libri (a man of one book)." #watch#artifact#history#mBible
What's new at the museum? Nothing, everything's old! But new to our collection is this interesting patchwork quilt made of men's suits. The fabrics appear to be from the 1920s, while the quilt was likely put together in the 1940s by a Waterloo area woman. (For the picture, the quilt was folded in quarters) #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#quilt#quilting
#ArtifactoftheDay The Codex Climaci Rescriptus (CCR) is a palimpsest. A palimpsest is new document written over an erased text underneath. The brown ink still visible on this leaf shows how erasure was not always complete, and the result is a page with one layer of text superimposed on another. The CCR reused parchment from not just one older manuscript but at least ten different codices in two different languages. #artifact#mBible
#ArtifactoftheDay Das Allte Testament Deutzsch, translated by Martin Luther and published in 1524 in Wittenberg (Germany). It features beautiful, colored illuminations throughout. This particular volume includes the Pentateuch, the first five books of the Old Testament. #mBible#germany#oldtestament
This sweet little crock was handmade in London in 1891. It once had a lid and could be used for preserves like pickles, sauerkraut, and fruit. This is part of the Thomson collection, a group of about 3000 artifacts that the museum acquired after the Minnie Thomson Memorial Museum, a local private agricultural museum, closed in the 1970s. Swipe to see a portrait of Minnie. @jessdweber #foundinourcollection#artifactoftheday#crock#preserves
Thank you to all who visited for the opening weekend of our Fall exhibit "Around the World and Back Again!" If you missed us this weekend, not to worry! The exhibit will be up through November!
Coffee pot • Painted terra cotta • Ethiopia • Circa 1990
This newspaper clipping was printed on the museum's large printing press 102 years ago! Our cast iron printing press was used by the Milverton Sun for decades. It didn't work anymore when it came to us, but through careful repair, it's now working again and is used in our print shop. If you visit us on Wednesday or Saturday, our print shop volunteer can tell you more about letterpress printing! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#letterpressprinting#newspaper
It's so exciting when we have old photos to go with artifacts! Today's artifact of the day is this silk wedding dress, worn in 1905 by Sarah Hyde (Bates) in North Easthope. Swipe through to see more pictures. Sarah was one tiny lady — the skirt was too small for our child size mannequins and we had to carefully pin it into place! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#weddingdress
Native Peoples looked to the skies to witness astronomical events, just like many people today will do for the eclipse. This fragment of pottery from the Crystal River site seems to show a bird flying across a celestial scene, possibly toward the sun. Archaeologists can look for clues to how people viewed and interacted with the heavens through artifacts like this one. What artifacts will archaeologists find that commemorated this eclipse event?? #artifacts#archaeology#pubarch#eclipse#eclipse2017#totaleclipseoftheheart#putabirdonit#artifactoftheday
This is the crest of the Canadian Expeditionary Force's 108th Battalion. It belonged to Julius Stefanson, an Icelandic Canadian soldier who fought in the First World War. The NIHM is fortunate to have many artifacts that illustrate Icelandic-Canadian military history. #gimliheritage#newiceland#artifactoftheday#canadianmilitaryhistory
Today's artifacts of the day are three pairs of Edwardian shoes, all the same style but for a baby, a child, and an adult. During this time period, children were often dressed like little adults. #foundinourcollection#artifactoftheday#shoes
#ArtifactoftheDay : Olney Hymns in Three Books by John Newton and William Cowper printed and sold by W. Oliver, J. Buckland and J. Johnson, London 1779. This is a first edition of the compilation of hymns written by John Newton and William Cowper. This is the first time the song “Amazing Grace” appears in print.
This piece will be featured in our Amazing Grace exhibit which will accompany Broadway’s Amazing Grace: The Musical at the museum. Tickets are already on sale buy yours TODAY! #mBible#artifact#hymn#amazinggrace#washingtondc#broadwaymusical
This photograph of the Mitchell CNR station c. 1970-80 already looks like an Instagram picture! As the Stratford Perth Museum, we have lots of artifacts relating to other communities in the county, including Mitchell. We'll be giving this photo to the archives because our collection is mostly things, whereas theirs is mostly records, papers, and photos. #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#nofilter#nofilterneeded#railway#railwaystation
What's the oldest European artifact in our collection? This beautiful Elizabethan powder horn from 1587. It is covered in intricate carvings. Powder horns were used to hold powder for muskets. This one has a boar's head carved into the spout. Can you imagine all the places it's been? #foundinourcollection#artifactoftheday#powderhorn
#ArtifactoftheDay : A New Testament in English and Mandarin printed by the Presbyterian Mission Press.
This manuscript was printed in 1885 in Shanghai, China. The characters of some Asian writing systems are so complex and numerous that the first translations of the Bible in these languages were produced using woodblocks. #mBible#mandarin#translation#book
The city of Thessalonica in Macedonia, named after princess Thessalonike, came under Roman control in 168 BC but was made a free city. During the Roman period, Thessalonica was ruled by local officials with the Greek title “politarch” (city ruler). Early archaeological explorations at Thessalonica discovered an official stone inscription adjacent to the Vardar Gate which specified “politarchs” as the leaders of the city in the 1st century AD. Subsequent discoveries and research demonstrated that the position of politarch was an annual magistracy in use by the free cities of Macedonia Province starting in the Roman period, and there were multiple politarchs in office at once rather than a single ruler. The majority of the recovered “politarch” inscriptions have been discovered in Thessalonica, indicating the continuous use and prominence of this particular position in Thessalonica and around Macedonia from the 1st century BC to the 3rd century AD. By the time the Apostle Paul arrived in about 49 AD, Thessalonica was the capital and most important city of Macedonia Province. Paul followed his regular protocol and reasoned from the Scriptures for three Sabbaths in the synagogue, which resulted in some of the Jews, many of the God-fearers, and even certain women of the elite becoming Christians. However, those who were unpersuaded formed a mob and accused Paul and the Christians of sedition, stating that he was upsetting the Empire, breaking the decrees of Caesar, and swearing allegiance to another king. Because Paul and his team could not be immediately found, the mob instead brought Jason and other local Christians before the “politarchs.” There was no legal authority to prosecute on the basis of a religious dispute, but a bond or fine was paid before their release, and Paul was obligated to leave the city, presumably by order of these politarchs in order to avoid a riot. Acts 17:1-9. #archaeology#biblicalarchaeology#biblearchaeology#thessalonica#thessaloniki#politarch#macedonia#greece#roman#inscription#greek#law#politics#caesar#paul#apostle#christianity#luke#acts#thessalonians#newtestament#bible#ancient#history#artifact#artifactoftheday
#ArtifactoftheDay A Catholic translation of the New testament in German, translated by Jerome Esmer and printed in 1527.
Martin Luther’s 1522 translation of the New Testament was extremely controversial, and he used it to further his own readings of the biblical text. The New Testament’s translation into “Protestant” phrases encouraged the Catholic scholar Jerome Esmer to produce his own translation of the New Testament into German. Published in 1527, Esmer’s text actually drew heavily upon Luther’s German, but he made a number of changes to bring the translation back in line with the theology of the Latin Vulgate. #mBible#artifact#german
Today's artifact of the day is our Brooks steam car, made right here in Stratford in 1926. It's one of only eight known complete Brooks cars in the world. Come see and learn more about our fascinating steam car in its permanent museum display! #artifactoftheday#steampower#vintagecar#car#stratfordontario
#ArtifactoftheDay : A Torah scroll written in Hebrew from Yemen, dating to around 1820.
The Torah is the most important scroll in
Jewish communities. It contains the law of Moses and is read aloud weekly on the Sabbath.
This Torah scroll is parchment from domesticated ranch-raised goat in the Yemeni Republic (Yemen). It is open to Deuteronomy 6:4-10. #mBible#yemen#scroll
Today's artifact of the day is a painting by Jim Anderson, a Stratford artist, advocate, archivist, and overall interesting person! He restored several heritage homes over his lifetime, and this painting reflects his passion for them. Stay tuned for our upcoming fall exhibit all about Jim Anderson! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#painting#art#heritage
#ArtifactoftheDay Beautiful materials have been used throughout time to cover the Bible. One instance of this is this large Bible covered in mother of pearl with an accompanying box. The Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat gave this fine set to a European diplomat. #artifact#mBible#beautiful
(Swipe to look inside the book) Today's artifact of the day is a 1918 county directory from our reference collection. What's so interesting about a directory? They're great for seeing who lived where and when, and what businesses were around. And the advertisements are pretty cool to look at! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#oldbook
#ArtifactoftheDay Charles Haddon Spurgeon’s hand written sermon notes.
Spurgeon was a British preacher in the 1800s who preached enough sermons to fill 63 printed volumes. Each Sunday morning Charles Spurgeon would preach to his congregation from his pulpit using bullet point notes for his sermon. His secretary transcribed his sermons as he preached, then presented them to Spurgeon every Sunday evening for review. Spurgeon would revise his sermon in preparation for its publication in The Sword and the Trowel magazine or in a local newspaper the following day. Spurgeon’s hand-corrected revisions were almost always done in purple ink, used by Spurgeon to honor Jesus as Lord and king. #artifact#mBible#notes
Today's artifact of the day is another gem from our textile photography project. Before we took its photo, this 1940s ball gown was listed in our catalogue simply as "beige/brown dress"! The ball gown was worn by the wife of Thomas E. Henry, a mayor of Stratford in the 1940s. The gown is handmade with gold embroidery. It seems to glow in the lights! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#vintagedress
#ArtifactoftheDay Watts Divine Songs was the first hymn book composed for children and was one of the most popular books of the period. It was originally published in 1715, and ran through 100 editions before the middle of the century. It was equally popular in America, and was frequently reprinted.
This piece will be featured in our Amazing Grace exhibit which will accompany Broadway’s Amazing Grace: The Musical at the museum. #mBible#amazinggrace#artifact#music
This hard-to-photograph object is a replica of a deck prism found in the shipwreck of the HMS Erebus. Deck prisms were set into the deck of the ship and directed sunlight into the interior of the ship, like natural lanterns. This and several other fascinating replicas are found in our Franklin Exploration exhibit. Swipe to see a demonstration of how it distributes light when a flashlight is shone on it. #artifactoftheday#hmserebus#franklinexpedition
#ArtifactoftheDay A Latin Vulgate corrected from the Hebrew.
Printed in England in 1580, this version of the Vulgate was corrected from Hebrew manuscripts in an effort to verify the accuracy of the Latin translation. During this time, there was a strong desire to return to the original biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek in order to ensure the accuracy of Bible translations. #mBible#artifact#hebrew
Today's artifact of the day is this pair of costumes worn by Maggie Smith as Rosalind in a 1977 Stratford Festival production of As You Like It. They are currently on loan from the Stratford Festival Archives and on display as part of our Conceal/Reveal exhibit. Come see them and the other wonderful costumes in this exhibit! #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#maggiesmith#stratfordfestival
After a study on head wounds conducted in 1915, steel helmets were highly recommended to protect the German troops in the trenches. Shortly after, the "Stahlhelm" replaced the iconic "Pickelhaube" / Après une étude sur les blessures crâniennes conduite en 1915, des casques en acier furent recommandés pour protéger les troupes allemandes dans les tranchées. Rapidement après ces conclusions, les "Stahlhem" ont remplacé l'iconique "Pickelhaube" #ww1#worldwar1#ww1helmet#germanmilitaria#ArtifactoftheDay#ArtefactsduJour#1GM#stahlhelm#artefact#artifact
#ARTifactoftheDay The Dream of Moses, a lithograph by Salvador Dali, shows Moses lying asleep and dreaming of Egyptian landmarks such as the pyramids and a sphinx. ---------
In the center of the work is a bull, perhaps representing the Egyptian god Hathor or Apis; it may also be alluding to the golden calf. To Dali, the bull represents the monotheistic god. He emphasizes the point by depicting a Roman Catholic bishop in a miter approaching the animal. A black angel sits atop some ruins, watching the spectacle. #art#dali#egyptian#mBible
Today's artifact of the day is a homemade wooden periscope with a story. For a few years, this periscope had gotten separated from its paperwork and assumed to be a prop. But recently the paperwork was found and we learned that it was made for the Royal visit to Stratford in the 1930s or 40s, to peek over crowds. It still works, just a bit dusty and cracked. #artifactoftheday#foundinourcollection#periscope