These barracks were actually prefabricated horse stables originally made for use on the eastern Front, against the Soviet Union. Even the rings for tying horses were in place along the sides.
The wooden bunks, or “hutches”as they are sometimes called, contained as many as six prisoners on each shelf.
Originally intended to house 250 prisoners, these barracks sometimes contained as many as a thousand. “NIGHT…. A brick has come loose from the low wall separating out cell from the next where other larvae sleep, moan, and dream under the blankets that cover them – these are shrouds covering them for they are dead., today, tomorrow what does it matter,… We feel that we teeter on the edge of a dark pit, a bottomless void – it is the hole of the night where we struggle furiously, struggle against another nightmare, that of our real death.”*
“MORNING From the edge of the darkness a voice shouted “Aufstehen” [German: get up]. From the darkness a voice echoed “Stavache” [phonetic spell of Polish: get up] and there was a dark stirring from which each withdrew her limbs. We had only to find our shoes and jump down. The whip whistled and lashed those who did not emerge fast enough from their blankets. Lash in hand, the stubhova [German: barracks leader] standing in the passageway would fly up to the third tier, to the centers of the cells, whipping faces and legs numb with sleep.”** #travel#wander#wanderlust#backpacking#exploretheworld#explore#landscape#gloomy#earth#nikon#Europe#architecture#fall#darkhistory#nature#concentrationcamp#poland#Warsaw#krakow#history#ww2#holocaust#genocide#prison#humanrights#auschwitz
"Ich musste meine Freundinnen in #Auschwitz verlassen. Schon damit ich überleben konnte, um später von den #Gräueltaten an uns berichten zu können." Esther #Bejarano über ihre Zeit im Vernichtungslager und Hitler-Faschismus.
FREE BOOK WEDNESDAY 😀
Lale tried not to look up. He reaches out to take the piece of paper being handed to him. He must transfer the five digits onto the girl who holds it. There is already a number there but it has faded. He pushes the needle into her left arm, making a 3, trying to be gentle. Blood oozes. But the needle hasn’t gone deep enough and he has to trace the number again. She doesn’t flinch at the pain Lale knows he’s inflicting. They’ve been warned - says nothing, do nothing. He wipes away the blood and rubs green ink into the wound.
THE tattooist of AUSCHWITZ
Alas my copy does not have any photos in it as it’s a #proofcopy so I may have to still buy a finished copy for my collection •
Irma Ida Ilse Grese (7 October 1923 – 13 December 1945) was a female SS guard at the Nazi concentration camps of Ravensbrück and Auschwitz, and served as warden of the women's section of Bergen-Belsen.
Irma left school in 1938 at age 14, probably due to a combination of a poor scholastic aptitude, bullying by classmates, and a fanatical preoccupation with the League of German Girls (Bund Deutscher Mädel), of which her father disapproved. Among other casual jobs, she worked as an assistant nurse in the sanatorium of the SS for two years and unsuccessfully tried to find an apprenticeship as a nurse, Irma trained to become a nurse, but after a series of failures, she became obsessed with the Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls. ----
By the time she was eighteen, she had moved to the SS Female Helpers’ training base, which was located near Ravensbrück, the all-female concentration camp. After her training, which stressed “the feminine ideal of nurturance,” she volunteered to work at Ravensbrück, where she exceeded her supervisors’ expectations because of her brutality and wholehearted devotion to the cause. She was everything the Nazi party wanted a guard to be—blindly dedicated—and was soon promoted to a guard position at Auschwitz-Birkenau. From mid-1942 she was an Aufseherin (guard) at Ravensbrück, and in March 1943 she transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau. In the second half of 1944 she was promoted to Rapportführerin, the second-highest rank open to female KZ-wardens. In this function she participated in prisoner selections for the gas chambers.
Quickly after gaining power, Grese gained a reputation as an amoral sadist. She was considered to be a nymphomaniac who slept with SS guards as well as prisoner. Auschwitz inmates nicknamed her the "Hyena of Auschwitz" (German: die Hyäne von Auschwitz) also "the Beautiful Beast" .
Her violence was psychological, sexual, and almost inhuman.
17th January 1945
3,200 prisoners who were able to march were evacuated on that day to Auschwitz. Circa 450 people were left behind in the camp to die.
The others were forced to march via Chorzów, Bytom and Gliwice to the Blechhammer sub-camp.
Zbigniew Tokarski (Auschwitz prisoner ) remembers:
Almost all prisoners were marched out of the camp at night. Only very sick people, who couldn't walk anymore were left behind. They divided us into smaller groups and each of the groups was guarded by the SS-men. Lots of us were unprepared, some of us did not even receive any food. I remember we slept in a barn. We got no food. The SS ordered a roll-call at night. Everybody who couldn't walk was gathered together and executed. Around 200-300 people were killed. And we were rushed to Blechhammer for four days. How many of us died on the way? I can't even estimate.
In the photo: the train station at Wodzisław Śląski showing how it looks today and Auschwitz prisoners being taken away on open truck cars 72 years ago today. Photo by ASG.
@nic_ham & I were taking about this, your mind will not let you comprehend what this place is and how 1.1 million lives ended right here and how the bodies were disposed of. One of the most moving and thought provoking days of my life. I will remember “that feeling” that comes over you in the gas chamber for the rest of my life. #auschwitz
Las únicas dos cosas que colecciono son marcapáginas y postales: soy de las que arrasan con las tiendas de souvenirs en busca de la más bonita, de las que atosiga a todos mis amigos para que me manden postales siempre que van de viaje ¡y de las que se gasta un pastón en sellos internacionales! Esta es una de mis favoritas de las que compré en #praga : precisamente de la #repúblicacheca son las protagonistas de la novela que acabo de reseñar en esquinasdobladas.com (link en mi bio): una historia de amor basada en hechos reales con Auschwitz de fondo.🇨🇿
More photos from the day
•Main Entrance to Auschwitz •Gas Chamber
•Confiscated prosthetics and crutches
•Confiscated luggage (real leather btw)
•Very last photo is of the ditch the Jews dug and we’re shot and killed in 😢
The worst thing we saw was the hair room. They don’t allow photos in there but believe me it was eye opening.
W 73. rocznicę wyzwolenia niemieckiego obozu koncentracyjnego i zagłady Auschwitz-Birkenau, Ośrodek Badań nad Totalitaryzmami zaprasza na pokaz filmów opowiadających przejmujące historie ofiar obozu. Każdy z seansów poprzedzony zostanie krótką dyskusją na temat filmu.
Data: 27 stycznia (sobota)
Pasażerka: godz. 16.00
Kornblumenblau: godz. 17.30
Syn Szawła: godz. 19.00
Miejsce: Kinoteka PKiN
Bezpłatne wejściówki na pokazy i dyskusje są dostępne w kasach Kinoteki do wyczerpania miejsc.
Verso la metà di Gennaio del 1945 la storia stava cambiando: i russi avevano rotto il fronte orientale e si avviavano verso Auschwitz. In quei giorni i nazisti fecero saltare in aria molte strutture della morte e portarono via i documenti, prove inconfutabili dei delitti compiuti. Ma non fecero in tempo.
Il 17 Gennaio 1945 venne fatto l’ultimo appello generale dei prigionieri. Le SS cominciarono ad evacuare il campo, migliaia di prigionieri furono uccisi mentre circa 60 mila furono costretti ad un’evacuazione forzata e a prendere parte alla “marcia della morte”. Durante il cammino i nazisti spararono a chiunque cedesse e non fosse in grado di proseguire - persero la vita circa 15.000 persone - chi sopravviveva veniva, invece, caricato su treni merce e portato nei campi di concentramento in Germania.
La più lunga marcia della morte fu percorsa da 3000 prigionieri che camminarono per 250 chilometri: “quando anni dopo vidi la carta geografica del tragitto che avevamo percorso a piedi, mi domandai quale forza enorme si fosse nascosta dentro di noi, un’energia quasi disumana che ci spingeva avanti su quelle strade. […] Quei giorni da fuori ci recitavano i bollettini aggiornati - sono a 30 chilometri, sono a 20 chilometri non morite proprio adesso . E noi che per un anno e mezzo non avevamo saputo nulla, se non che i tedeschi avevano conquistato mezza Europa, riportavano quella notizia straordinaria a quelle che stavano peggio di noi - Non morite! - Nei loro occhi c’era ancora una scintilla di vita, ma molte non c’è l’hanno fatta, molte sono morte lì rimanendo in quella Germania che ci aveva fatto tanto male”. (Liliana Segre, sopravvissuta ad Auschwitz). In foto una scena del film "Schindler’s List", dal romanzo di Keneally, basato sulla vera storia di Oskar Schindler. La bambina vestita di rosso si chiamava in realtà Roma Ligocka e contrariamente a quello che succede nel film, sopravvisse alla guerra.
Day 2 in Poland
Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp.
This was one of those places that you literally had to be there to fully experience it. I tried to capture as much as I could through my lens but it didn’t do the place justice ❤️