The effigy of Eleanor of Castile, Queen of England, at her tomb in Westminster Abbey. After experiencing declining health in the 1280s after giving birth to sixteen children, Queen Eleanor died on 28 November 1290 after a brief battle with an unknown illness. After her death her body was eviscerated and she had three separate burials. Her heart was buried in London at the Blackfriars Dominican priory, beside the body of her son Alphonso. The rest of her organs were buried in Lincoln Cathedral, while her body was laid to rest in Westminster Abbey, each of these burials being marked by an effigy of Eleanor. On the journey from Lincoln to Westminster, Eleanor's body stopped at thirteen locations overnight. King Edward I, bereaved of his wife of thirty six years, ordered a cross to be erected at each of these sites to mark where Eleanor's body had lain. These 'Eleanor Crosses' were a physical manifestation of the king's grief, and reminded passers-by to pray for the queen's soul. #eleanorofcastile#queenofengland#edwardi#westminsterabbey#lincolncathedral#history#history#womenshistory#eleanorcross#womenofhistory#middleages#medieval#medievalhistory#effigy
Day 32 of #100happydays
A little rabbit hole from our medieval history studies. We are learning about feudalism, manor life, village life and early European towns/cities in the late 1000's and early 1100's so what better time to make some butter and buttermilk from leftover heavy cream! I gave the boys several activity books from the time period to look through and do what they wanted. E chose to just read them all, while A wants to make all the things and J is just along for the ride 😉
Educating Jack on the power of the Magna Carta (one of my personal favorite documents). When asked what the most important law was he said “the right for everyone to have bread.” Not exactly correct but true to the social justice spirit of the original document!
The Inauguration of the Order of the Star, 6 November 1356. Depiction from a late fourteenth century manuscript. Many orders of Chivalry were founded across Christendom in the fourteenth century, the most prominent amongst these being patronised by powerful kings. The Order of the Garter, founded by Edward III in England in 1348, was arguably the most successful and renowned among these, and earned the admiration of other kings. Jean II, King of France, smarting from defeat at the Battle of Crecy and looking to restore the reputation of French knighthood, decided to found his own order in imitation of his English rival. Called the Order or Company of the Star after the Star of Bethlehem which guided the Three Wise Men at Christ's birth, the inauguration ceremony for the order took place on 6 November 1351, and membership initially comprised of roughly one hundred Knights. Jean encouraged the great chivalric of Sir Geoffroi de Charny to become involved, and Charny probably wrote his famous 'Book if Chivalry' to advertise the order. Many members of the Order fought together at the Battle of Mauron against the Anglo-Bretons the following year. The Knights had sworn never to flee from battle or to surrender, an oath which would prove their undoing. The Anglo-Bretons had the better of the fight, and the Knights of the Star, true to their oaths but lacking military common sense, were struck down on the field, refusing to withdraw or be taken prisoner. The losses in the battle decimated the order's numbers, and diminished its importance in the following years. At the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 many of the remaining members fight under King Jean against the English and many members of the Order of the Garter. Geffroi de Charny was killed while bearing the Oriflamme, France's sacred war banner, and King Jean was captured. With the King a prisoner and most of the original Knights dead, the Order of the Star sunk into insignificance and irrelevance. With Jean's death in 1364, his son and successor Charles V showed little interest in reviving the order, which had effectively become defunct. #orderofthestar#companyofthestar#orderofchivalry#chivalry#France#jeanii
#OTD in 1330, Roger Mortimer, 1st earl of March is captured alongside his sons Edmund and Geoffrey in a coup at Nottingham Castle & Edward III sizes control of his throne. #themortimers#medievalhistory#edwardiii#arrested#treason (pictures are, Victorian reconstruction of Nottingham Castle as it might have appeared in 1330 and 'Mortimers hole' the secret passageway used to gain entry to the castle to capture the Mortimers)
Died #OTD in 1356, Joan de Geneville, countess of March, the widow of Roger Mortimer, 1st earl of March (ex.1330). A mother of twelve and the matriarch of the Mortimer family for many years, Joan spent some years in prison in the 1320's after the failed rebellion of her husband. She died in the 26th anniversary of the coup at Nottingham Castle where her husband was arrested. #themortimers#medievalwoman#mortimerwomen#medievalhistory#toughladies (the arms are of Geoffrey de Joinville, Joan's grandfather whom she inherited lands from and named her longest surviving son after)
In the 13th century AD, the Byzantine Empire underwent one of its most tumultous periods. The capital of Constantinople was taken and sacked by treacherous Crusader forces, and reclaimed only decades later by Byzantine remnants from the Empire of Nicaea, reforming the empire. However, still divided between varried successor states and faced with enemies from all sides, Byzantium is in for a fight for its life. One of the most important ones took place near the port of Demetrias in Greece, as the Byzantine emperor Michael VII Palaiogolos attempts to revive the empire's power...
Will Michael's grand plan to restore the greatness of the Byzantines succeed? Or will his forces be overcome and his hopes dashed? In this series, spanning eleven chapters, we will explore the causes behind the Battle of Demetrias in 1275 AD, how the opposing forces fought, and how the battle was won. And lost.
Un de las cosas más chulas que vimos y que más flipó a las niñas durante nuestra escapada, fue el Castillo de Oropesa de Toledo. Increíble lo grande que es y su perfecto estado de conservación. Vistacas increíbles de los paisajes de La Mancha.
I’ve had this idea in the back of my mind to do a photography reinterpretation of famous artworks for today's culture. I have a minor in Medieval Renaissance Studies, so my heart lays amongst Da Vinci and Michelangelo. // There’s a link in my bio to see my interpretation of the Mona Lisa- so dainty in size, so mighty in legend.🌹