Genealogy-Photo-A-Day, Starts With P,
Pryntje (Pryntie?) Machielsen (Michielsen) Vreeland was my 8th great aunt, born 1649 in NYC. To be honest with you, I have absolutely NO idea how to pronounce her name (or 1/2 of my Dutch ancestors, for that matter)! Her name isn't even spelled consistently! Her father's name was Michiel Jansen Vreeland, my 8th great grandfather, born 1610 in Zeeland, Netherlands...an early Dutch Trader and settler in the New Netherlands. [If you're not familiar with the New Netherlands, it was the 1st Dutch colony in North America that encompassed parts of (what is now) New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and Connecticut.]
So, Pryntje, was a 1st generation American! She married to Andries Claesen and they had two daughters, Rachel (b. 1687) and Zara [Sara] (b. 1691).
Pryntje died at 61 years of age, just 8 moths after her husband died...it seems so young...maybe I'm telling my age?! 😉
#Brooklyn is the most populous borough of #NewYorkCity , with a census-estimated 2,629,150 residents. Since 1896, the borough has been coterminous with #KingsCounty , the most populous county in the U.S. state of #NewYork and the second-most densely populated county in the #UnitedStates , after the county of New York (which is coextensive with the borough of Manhattan). Today, if New York City dissolved, Brooklyn would rank as the third-most populous #city in the U.S. after Los Angeles and Chicago.
Brooklyn was an independent incorporated city (and previously an authorized village and town within the provisions of the #NewYorkState Constitution) until January 1, 1898, when, after a long political campaign and public relations battle during the 1890s, according to the new Municipal Charter of "Greater New York", Brooklyn was consolidated with the other cities, boroughs, and counties to form the modern "City of New York," surrounding the Upper New York #Bay with five constituent #boroughs . The #borough continues, however, to maintain a distinct culture. Many Brooklyn neighborhoods are #ethnic enclaves. Brooklyn's official motto, displayed on the Borough seal and flag, is Eendraght Maeckt Maght which translates from early modern Dutch as "Unity makes strength". The #Dutch were the first #Europeans to settle #LongIsland 's western edge, which was then largely inhabited by the #Lenape , an #American Indian tribe who are often referred to in colonial documents by a variation of the place name "Canarsie". The "Breuckelen" settlement was named after Breukelen in the #Netherlands ; it was part of New Netherland, and the Dutch West India Company lost little time in chartering the six original parishes.
What is Brooklyn today left Dutch hands after the final English conquest of #NewNetherland in 1664, a prelude to the Second Anglo–Dutch War. New Netherland was taken in a naval action, and the conquerors renamed their prize in honor of the overall English naval commander, James, Duke of York, brother of the then monarch King Charles II of England and future king himself as King #JamesII .
#TheBronx is the northernmost of the five #boroughs of #NewYorkCity , within the U.S. state of #NewYork . It is geographically south of #WestchesterCounty ; north and east of the island and borough of #Manhattan to the south and west across the #HarlemRiver ; and north of the borough of #Queens , across the #EastRiver . Of the five boroughs, the #Bronx is the only one that has the majority of its area on the U.S. mainland. Since 1914, the Bronx has had the same boundaries as #BronxCounty , a county of New York.
The Bronx is divided by the #BronxRiver into a hillier section in the west, closer to Manhattan, and a flatter eastern section, closer to #LongIsland . East and west street addresses are divided by #JeromeAvenue —the continuation of Manhattan's Fifth Avenue. The West Bronx was annexed to New York City in 1874, and the areas east of the Bronx River in 1895. Bronx County was separated from New York County in 1914. About a quarter of the Bronx's area is open space, including #WoodlawnCemetery , Van Cortlandt Park, Pelham Bay Park, the New York Botanical Garden, and the Bronx Zoo in the borough's north and center. These open spaces are situated primarily on land deliberately reserved in the late #19thcentury as urban development progressed north and east from Manhattan.
The name "Bronx" originated with #JonasBronck , who established the first #settlement in the area as part of the #NewNetherland colony in 1639. The native Lenape were displaced after 1643 by settlers. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bronx received many immigrant groups as it was transformed into an #urban community, first from various European countries (particularly Ireland, Germany, and Italy) and later from the Caribbean region (particularly Puerto Rico, Haiti, Jamaica, and the Dominican Republic), as well as African American migrants from the southern United States. This #culturalmix has made the Bronx a wellspring of both Latin music and #hiphop .
An interesting map showing the land grants and patents across the Bronx, given when it was still part of New Netherland. The borough's name comes from Jonas Bronck, who purchased 500 acres of farmland in 1639. His house, which he named Emmaus, stood near 132nd Street and Lincoln Avenue. It overlooked the river he often frequented, known to the natives as Aquehung, "mouth of the great river." Soon, it was called Bronck's River, which became the #BronxRiver , and the entire area came to be called the Bronx. To the north was a tract that the natives called Keskeskeck, "short, sharp sedge grass," which the Dutch West India Company bought in 1639. Above this was Colen Donck, a patent belonging to Adriaen van der Donck, New Amsterdam's first lawyer and a Jonkheer ("young squire"), namesake of nearby #Yonkers ; his house stood just south of the Van Cortlandt Mansion. To the east was Vriedelandt, the "land of peace," settled by a group of thirty five families, mostly from New England, in 1642; many of them, including #AnneHutchinson and John Throckmorton (the namesake of #ThroggsNeck ) were killed by the Siwanoy natives in 1643 in retaliation for Kieft's War. Oostdorp, "East Town," was the easternmost Dutch town, but the encroaching English also lay claim to it. As it was the westernmost English settlement, it was dubbed #Westchester . Thomas Pell, who had a large grant to the north, also claimed ownership of Vriedelandt and Oostdorp (the natives often sold the same land numerous times, leading to ownership disputes). Pell named his land #Pelham after Pelham Burton, his tutor back in England. Cornell's Neck, known to the natives as Snakapins, "land by the two waters," was purchased by Thomas Cornell, a founder of nearby Oostdorp, in 1646. The land was later named after Isaac Classon, becoming #ClasonPoint . The #WestFarms , so named because they were west of Oostdorp, was comprised of 12 large farms. The whole tract west of the Bronx River was annexed by the City of New York in 1874, becoming the first part of the city outside of Manhattan. In 1895, the eastern section was annexed #NYC#TheBronx#NewNetherland#map#history#BronxHistory#NYChistory#DiscoveringNYC
The #beaver , once sought after for its #fur for the most rich and famous in the 17th century. When the #Dutch settled #Manhattan in the early part of the 17th century, the poor beaver was the most prized commodity. Trade up and down the#hudson river from #fortorange with the #mowhawks had #NewNetherland rolling in $. Take a look at the #newyork city seal.....there’s the beaver!
The Castello Plan — officially entitled Afbeeldinge van de Stadt Amsterdam in Nieuw Neederlandt (Dutch, "Picture of the City of Amsterdam in New Netherland") — is an early city map of Lower Manhattan from an original of 1660. It was created by Jacques Cortelyou (ca. 1625–1693), a surveyor in what was then called New Amsterdam — later renamed by Province of New York settlement as New York City. The map presently in the New York Public Library is a copy created around 1665 to 1670 by an unknown draughtsman from a lost Cortelyou original.
Around 1667, cartographer Joan Blaeu (1596–1673) bound the existing plan, together with other hand-crafted New Amsterdam depictions, to an atlas, which he sold to Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. This transaction most likely happened in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, as it has yet to be proven that Blaeu ever set foot in New Netherland.
"Abraham Speer Cementery"
Vroom Street, Journal Square, a block away from the ( Old Bergen Church Cemetery. )
Grave Memorial: < Redell family > ------------ Heike O. Redell
Birth: Jan. 12, 1790
Death: Dec. 4, 1888
Anna Redell ---------------------------------------Birth: Dec. 8, 1805
Death: Oct. 2, 1876
Birth: Sep. 27, 1822
Death: Aug. 4, 1835
Jacob H. Redell:
Death: May 26, 1835
Slightly over one acre, the burial ground had been used by the De Mott family, early settlers to Bergen, New Netherland from the 1660s.Although it has been called the "oldest cemetery of European settlers in New Jersey," it is contemporary to that of the nearby Old Bergen Church. The earliest surviving gravemarker in the cemetery is dated 1756.
The cemetery is named for Abraham Speer, an undertaker and acting sexton for the church, who bought the land from the De Mott estate in 1857 and made it a public cemetery, selling burial plots for $16 each.
It was used as a potter's field during the nineteenth century. The absence of records makes it impossible to verify who and how many were buried in the cemetery over the years. Headstones indicate the burial of the veterans of the American Revolutionary War, War of 1812, American Civil War, and the Spanish–American War. Its last interments occurred during World War
#Historiccementery#AbrahamSpeerCementery#speercementery#jsqmakeityours#newjsq#jerseycity#DeMottfamily early #settlers to #Bergen ,#NewNetherland from the #1660s#halloween2017
Pantiles and Weatherboards, 18th c. farmhouse, Belgian Limburg, BE. The gentle up-curve of the "spring eave" on the roof's eave is one of the few physical remains of early European culture in the Hudson Valley in what was then called New Netherland. That construction detail though not of Dutch antecedent but from the provinces of what is now Belgium. This a further reminder that the largest early settling group were French speaking Walloons from the province of Hainault, BE - who came on the Dutch ship Nieuw Nederland in 1624. The commemoration of their arrival in a wonderful monument by Henry Bacon (Lincoln Memorial) in NYC's Battery Park.
Poster for the 40th Annual #NewNetherlandsInstitute Conference, taking place September 22-23. Since 2017 marks the 100th anniversary of women's suffrage in New York State, this year's conference highlights the important role of women in the development of the seventeenth-century #Dutch colony of #NewNetherland and in early New York. For more information about the conference, see https://shop.newnetherlandinstitute.org/products/40th-annual-conference?variant=34603439109 #NNRC#womenshistory#NYhistory
A map of the various lots that were granted by the Dutch West India Company from 1642 to 1657. Many of the streets in lower #Manhattan have Dutch origins. #Broadway , which was the beginning of the native Wickquasgeck Trail, was known to the Dutch as Brede Weg, the "broad way." It ended at the city common (where #CityHallPark is now) through colonial times, and to get out of the city, people had to take the old trail, which became the #Bowery Road (it led to the bouwerij farms to the north). Pearl Street, called Paerl Straet, was named after the piles of #oyster middens that were left in the area by the natives. It was also known as de Waal, after a seawall that ran along it, and Op t’Water (“by the water”). Bridge Street was Brug Straet, named after a bridge that crossed the canal. Known as the Heere Graft, "gentlemen's canal, it was reminiscent of those back in Holland, and could hold small boats. It eventually became polluted, and in 1676 the English filled it in, with the wide street becoming Broad Street. Stone Street was once known as Brouwer Straet (this was where the company #brewery was built), along with the Straet van de Graft (“street by the canal”). Residents petitioned the city to have it paved, and in 1658 it received its descriptive name. Marketfield Street led to the Marktveldt, the cattle market that was held in the open space just north of Fort Amsterdam (where #BowlingGreen is now). Beaver Street, called the Bever Graft, had a small canal running up it from the Heere Graft, and was a major center of beaver trading. Beaver pelts were the major trade good in #NewNetherland , and the street's name reflects their importance. Famously, #WallStreet , once known as Waal Straet, was laid out after Director-General Peter #Stuyvesant ordered that a defensive palisade be constructed in 1653. Built on the northern edge of the city by the company slaves, it was meant to keep out the encroaching English, who had long been eyeing the settlement. The English tore it down in 1699, as the city had expanded well beyond it #NYC#NewAmsterdam#FinancialDistrict#FiDi#lowerManhattan#map#TBT#placenames#etymology#history#NYChistory#DiscoveringNYC
While many residents of the #hudsonvalley can trace their roots back to English settlers in the colony of New York, the oldest European colonists of this region were actually the Dutch! In the early 17th century, the land around the Hudson River was claimed by the Netherlands, and was aptly named, New Netherland. However, this all changed in 1664 when British warships persuaded the city of New Amsterdam (modern day New York City) to surrender. The Dutch would attempt to retake the region, but ultimately, they were unsuccessful. Nevertheless, small pockets of Dutch speaking communities would continue to thrive in the Hudson Valley. For example, Martin Van Buren was born in 1782, and he would often boast that he was of 100% Dutch extraction!
On June 12, 1665, New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and is renamed "New York City" after the Duke of York of England.
On August 27, 1664, four English brigades sailed into New Amsterdam's harbor, demanding that New Netherland surrenders. This led to director-general Peter Stuyvesant's provisional surrender of New Netherland.
On September 6, Stuyvesant sent lawyer Johannes De Decker and five other delegates to sign the Articles of Capitulation. Swiftly after the signing, the Second Anglo-Dutch War occurred, between England and the Dutch Republic.
In June of 1665, New Amsterdam was renamed "New York City" under English law. It was named after the Duke of York, who became King James II later.
The steeple of St. Mark's in the Bowery near Second Avenue and 10th Street. Did you know there is a commemorative pear tree planted near the site of the church to replace one planted on the property (and subsequently lived for over more than 100 years) by Peter Stuyvesant? The "bowery" (bouwerie* or farm) and East Village were all the former lands of former New Amsterdam Governor Peter Stuyvesant. #peterstuyvesant#eastvillage#church#steeple#clocktower#dutch#newamsterdam#newnetherland#bowery#nyc
On their way to #Albany (or ‘Beverwyck’ as the Dutch used to call the #NewNetherland settlement in the #17thCentury ), a delegation under Ambassador Henne Schuwer stopped at several sites that are related to the New Netherland Period @inthevalley1 . They went to the #PhilipsburgManor , the Old Dutch Church in #SleepyHollow and the @fdr_library . In Albany they were guided around through #FortCrailo , the #SchuylerMansionStateHistoricSite , and the #HistoricAlbanyFoundation 's #Hudson48 building, before their meeting with mayor Kathy Sheehan and the Director of Cultural Affairs Renee Overdyke. These officials expressed their interest in the #SharedCulturalHeritage between the Netherlands and the United States.During other visits to old and new partners of @dutchcultureusa , such as @albanyinstitute , @nysmuseum , @nyslibrary , @nyarchives , the #NewNetherlandResearchCenter , and @universityatalbany , the delegation looked at important 17th century New Netherland documents, beaver hats, art and archaeological findings from the Dutch Period and talked about new projects and collaborations for the coming years that can raise awareness about the Shared Cultural Heritage between the United States and the Netherlands. Visit our @facebook page to get an impression! #HudsonValley
George Way has brought a number of Dutch silver spoons for us to hold and view up close. He and Jonathan Z. Friedman are here to discuss their silver spoon collections. This spoon features a hoof finial. #NewPaltz#DutchCulture#HudsonValley#NewNetherland
There is so much to see in @huguenotstreet's latest exhibit! See the Object of the Week blog (link in bio) to learn more about this Dutch Golden Age painting, "A Frugal Repast," and don't miss the chance to see it in person this weekend and next. #NewPaltz#HudsonValley#NewNetherland