Philippe emmanuel de lorraine duke of mercoeur important member of the french catholoc league. Born in 1558 at nomeny the son of duke nicholas and jeanne de sovoie nemours. In 1579 he married marie de Luxembourg duchess penthievre they had 2 kids philippe and francoise. In 1582 he was made governor of brittany by his brother in law king henry 3 of france. In 88 he became of of the catholic league in brittany declaring himself protector of the church. His wofes family were ancient rulers of brittany and he used this to try to sieze brittany as an independent state for himself. He allied with spain to try to gain independence from france causing king henry 4 of france to send an army to stop him. With spanish help he defeated the french at the battle of craon 1592 but the french were reinforced by the english allowing king henry to invade again forcing philippe to surrender in 1598. Henry assured french control of brittany by marrying his illegitimate son cesar de bourbon to philippes daughter francoise. Philippe left france and traveled to hungary to serve emperor rudolph 2 habsburg in the war against the turks. He captured szekesfehervar in 1601. He died at nuremberg in 1602 aged 43.
Penthièvre ce soir : Nous avons eu toute la journée une lumière jaune très étonnante en pleine journée, dûe aux sables du Sahara emportés par la tempête Ophélia. Ce matin, on sentait même l’odeur des feux du Portugal et de la poussière de cendre, Transportés par la même tempête. #penthievre#ophelia