Of course we see the boisterous Henry VIII in all his pomp and splendour and how his six wives fared. But he is not the star of the volume. Like the previous Victorian book we see daily life during the Tudor reign. From the sewage system to medicinal knowledge, from school punishments to laws in England, from the real Shakespeare to the murder of Christopher Marlowe, from Tudor recipes to board games to witch trials this book is as good as the others. Women used lead and vinegar paste to lighten their skin in those days and my favorite is the collection of Shakespearean insults like 'thou swollen parcel of dropsies!' 😁😁😁😁😁😁😁😁😁😁
22nd September 1515
Anne of Cleves was born in the Duchy of in the Duchy of Julich-Cleves-Berg, one of four children and was brought up strictly by her mother Maria, Duchess of Julich. The court of Cleves was heavily influenced by the thinking of Erasmus, but did not formally conform to Lutheranism. This position, and that of Anne’s brother-in-law, the Elector of Saxony as head of the Lutheran Schmalkaldic League that opposed the Emperor, made her a suitable candidate as a wife for the King of England. Henry VIII became enamoured of the portrait of her painted by Holbein and was eager to make her his wife. Unfortunately, when they eventually met, it was a completely different matter. However, the marriage took place, and Anne became Queen of England in 1539. Unable to consummate the marriage, and finding he no longer wished to be in League with the Lutherans, Henry VIII had the marriage annulled. Anne agreed and continued to live in England, on excellent terms with her former husband and his children. She received the castles of Hever and Richmond as part of the divorce settlement.
Picture: Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger, c. 1539
This day in Tudor history: September 21st 1578, Robert Dudley married Lettice (Laetitia Knollys) without Elizabeth I's permission. Elizabeth's court favourite, was Robert and she may have even loved him, so she was unimaginably upset about it. She easily could've had Lettice or Robert executed for treason if she had wanted to. She did refuse to see Robert and was extremely upset. She eventually forgave Robert and he was restored to court, but Lettice was banished from court and never allowed to attend again. The rivalry between Elizabeth and Lettice was great. The two were certainly cousins and perhaps Elizabeth was Lettice's aunt! This is because Catherine Carey was Lettice's Mother. However, Catherine was born around the same time, Anne Boleyn's sister, Mary Boleyn war Henry VIII's mistress so Catherine may have been his daughter, however he did not recognise her as a royal bastard but this may be as Mary Boleyn was married at the time. So Catherine took Mary's husband's name, William Carey. And afterwards, Anne Boleyn and Henry VIII had Elizabeth, making them related. Another thing was, if you look at Lettice's portrait, it is extremely similar to Elizabeth's. The only difference, people said, was Lettice was a younger and more beautiful version of Elizabeth with daintier features. Lettice and Robert had no children, so when Robert died in 1588, Lettice inherited his fortune, but battled it out against Robert's other illegitimate son, but as he was illegitimate, Lettice got the fortune. Lettice's son from her other marriage, Robert Devereux later became a favourite of Elizabeth's but was foolish and when she did not give him what he wanted, he lead a poor campaign against her in Essex and was tried, found guilty and executed for treason in 1601, probably increasing Lettice's hatred for Elizabeth. Elizabeth I then died on 24th March 1603 and James VI of Scotland became King James I of England. Lettice lived on until 1634! She died at an extremely old age, even today and especially old and rare in Tudor times, she passed away aged 91. #thisdayinhistory#todayinhistory#thisdayintudorhistory#tudors#tudor#tudordynasty#tudorhistory#robertdudley#letticeknollys
On this day in 1578, Robert Dudley married Lettice Knollys at his house in Essex. Elizabeth I never forgave Lettice for marrying her favourite. I loved seeing their effigies in St Mary's Church in Warwick last Saturday, it really makes you feel close to the individuals.
Discovering Tudor London: This engaging and practical travel guide takes you on a journey through the best of Tudor London, to sites built and associated with this fascinating dynasty, and to the museums and galleries that house tantalising treasures from this rich period of history.
Out now and available online (link in bio) and at all good bookshops. ( #📷 @kathrynholeman)
21st September 1578
Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, married Lettice Devereux (née Knollys), widow of Walter Devereux, Earl of Essex, at his house in Wanstead, Essex.
The marriage took place in secret and was performed by Humphrey Tindall, Leicester's chaplain,
Amongst the guests at this secret and ceremony were Sir Francis Knollys (father of the bride), Richard Knollys (the bride's brother), Ambrose Dudley, Earl of Warwick (brother of the groom) and the Earl Leicester's friends, the Earl of Pembroke and Lord North.
The marriage was low-key because he Earl had not told Queen Elizabeth I of his relationship with her cousin, Lettice, whom England's monarch dubbed “the she-wolf”. To say Elizabeth was unhappy about the marriage when she found out was an understatement; she was furious.
Pictures: Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester attributed to Steven van der Meulen
Lettice Knollys, Countess of Leicester by George Gower c1585
I printed out Holbein's sketch of Mary I (c. 1536 when she would have been 20) and added in some detail using her other 2 portraits as reference to get a better idea of what she looked like as a young woman. The third picture in this post is the original Holbein sketch so you can see what I added. #history#tudors#maryi#marytudor#thetudors#tudorhistory#hansholbein
Queen Elizabeth I's birthday: the life and death of Elizabeth, part 18: death of a monarch: Elizabeth's new favourite at court, now that Dudley was gone was surprisingly, the young, Robert Devereux. Robert was the son of Elizabeth's disliked cousin, Laetitia Knollys (on Anne Boleyn's side). One of the reasons, Elizabeth disliked her was as she married Robert Dudley earlier on without Elizabeth's permission. However, Devereux was not Robert's son. Robert Devereux, began to grow arrogant, as his position as the Queen's favourite and began to demand things of her, which she refused. He then, led a poor rebellion against her in Essex. He was imprisoned and executed in 1601. Elizabeth had now ruled for 43 years and was at the ripe old age of 67! But it was clear she was dying, on her deathbed, however, she refused to believe it. She refused to name an heir and left the country in debt of £335,000. She died on 24th March 1603, it was her 45th year ruling, though technically speaking she only reigned 44 years and 1/4. She was 69 when she died. The fact that she didn't name an heir, was rather risky and risked civil war. Katherine Grey's son, could've potentially claimed the English throne, but James VI of Scots had the whole power of Scotland behind him. Elizabeth was the last of the Tudor monarchs and also the last monarch to rule England without Scotland and hence 'the United Kingdom'. James became James I of England and when people talked of Elizabeth and James they said "Elizabeth was King, now James is Queen". This was implying they had almost switched gender roles, this was as Elizabeth was portrayed as a strong and capable ruler, like a man, a King. And because of King James' open homosexual affairs, he was "Queen". Elizabeth's death was mourned across the country and her reign was remembered as a golden age and there was a grand funeral procession. This was the final part of Elizabeth I. #tudors#queenelizabethi#birthday#death#deathofamonarch#queenofengland#kingofengland#jamesviofscotland#jamesiofengland#goldenage#gloriana#goodqueenbess#elizabethi#tudorhistory#tudordynasty#tudordynastyends#tudorrose#henryviii#anneboleyn#england#history
This day in Tudor history: 20th September 1486, Prince Arthur Tudor was born the first child to Elizabeth of York and King Henry VII. This was a success for Elizabeth of York, her first child was a son! She was rewarded in 1487, when she was finally coronated Queen of England. Arthur was a quiet, weak child. He was betrothed and then married to the Spanish Princess Catherine of Aragon, but died a few months later at 15, leaving Catherine a young widow. However, she later married, Arthur's younger brother, King Henry VIII.🏵🌹👑⚔️#tudors#thisdayintudorhistory#thisdayinhistory#anniversary#happybirthday#tudorrose#royalbirthday#rip#england#englandsrose#history