You might think this marble frieze represents a birth of a nation, freedom, or purity.
When in fact, it tells us about a Zulu attack on white women and children, a Zulu warrior was shown raising a white baby above his head, prelude to smashing the baby against a wagon wheel.
Deemed too extreme, the piece then removed from the climactic panels of the giant marble frieze in the domed Hall of Heroes.
“Battle against the Matebele at Kapain 1837”. - One of the climactic panels of the giant marble frieze in the domed Hall of Heroes.
Where it all started... the Zulu was attacked by the Voortrekker.
“Zulu attack on the Laagers at Bloukrans”. - One of the climactic panels of the giant marble frieze in the domed Hall of Heroes.
The new born baby (as shown on frieze 1) is replaced with the spear.
The idea to build a monument in honour of God was first discussed on 16 December 1888, when President Paul Kruger of the South African Republic attended the Day of the Covenant celebrations at Blood River in Natal. However, the movement to actually build such a monument only started in 1931 when the Sentrale Volksmonumentekomitee (SVK) (Central People's Monuments Committee) was formed to bring this idea to fruition.
Construction started on 13 July 1937 with a sod turning ceremony performed by chairman of the SVK, Advocate Ernest George Jansen, on what later became known as Monument Hill. On 16 December 1938 the cornerstone was laid by three descendants of some of the Voortrekker leaders: Mrs. J.C. Muller (granddaughter of Andries Pretorius), Mrs. K.F. Ackerman (great-granddaughter of Hendrik Potgieter) and Mrs. J.C. Preller (great-granddaughter of Piet Retief). The Monument was inaugurated on 16 December 1949 by the then-prime minister D. F. Malan. The total construction cost of the Monument was about £ 360,000, most of which was contributed by the South African government.
A large amphitheatre, which seats approximately 20,000 people, was erected to the north-east of the Monument in 1949.
🇿🇦Where did Biltong come from?
A Question every #South -African citizen should know the answer to.
Meat preservation dates back to ancient times as a survival technique. The #Khoikhoi preserved meat by cutting it into strips and then curing it with salt, when the Dutch, French, German, and English settlers arrived they combined their knowledge of preservation with products such as brine, vinegars and saltpetre. Later spices were introduced for flavour. #Biltong was used to stock up a durable food source during the #Voortrekker era
Today Biltong is a delicacy in Southern-Africa and is one of the most sold meat products in the meat industry
#proudlysouthafrican 🇿🇦 #proudlysouthafrican#meat
The Piet Retief monument in Summerstrand, Port Elizabeth occupies a commanding piece of prime beach front land and, at the time of photographing was surrounded with broken glass.
This monument to Piet Retief, was originally erected in Coega to the east of Port Elizabeth and unveiled in 1939 to commemorate the centenary of the Great Trek. In 1975 is was decided to move it to its current location in Summerstrand because of its link to Piet Retief. One of the many plaques can be roughly translated as: “This monument stands on Piet Retief’s orginal farm Strandfontein after it was removed from Coega by the “PE Afrikaanse Skakelkomitee” and was unveiled on 16 December 1975″. Piet Retief was one of the Great Trek leaders who was killed by Zulu King "Dingaan". Pieter Mauritz Retief (12 November 1780 – 6 February 1838) settled in 1814 in the frontier region of the Cape Colony and assumed command of punitive expeditions in response to raiding parties from the adjacent Xhosa territory. He became a spokesperson for the frontier farmers who voiced their discontent, and wrote the Voortrekkers' declaration at their departure from the colony.
He was a leading figure during their Great Trek, and at one stage their elected governor. He proposed Natal as the final destination of their migration and selected a location for its future capital, later named Pietermaritzburg in his honour. The massacre of Retief and his delegation by the Zulu King Dingane and the extermination of several Voortrekker laagercamps led to the Battle of Blood River on the Ncome River. The short-lived Boer republic Natalia suffered from ineffective government and succumbed to British annexation.