"Rivers all over the world are carrying large amounts of plastic into the sea but a new study has identified that just ten huge rivers – eight of them in Asia and two in Africa – are responsible for transporting as much as 95 per cent of the planet’s total ocean waste. Their enormous plastic footprint is down to them being huge rivers, with huge nearby populations and poor waste collection services, according to the research by the Helmholtz Centre for Enviromental Research in Germany.
The biggest plastic carrier, China’s Yangtze River, transports as much as 1.5 million tonnes of into the ocean every year. This compares to 18 tonnes a year by The Thames – which many would argue is still way too high but considerably less than the world’s worst river offenders.
Dr Christian Schmidt, of the Helmholtz Centre, said improving waste management in the river’s catchment areas would go a long way to curbing the plastic pollution problem. “In countries such as China and India municipal waste is not all collected and even it is it is often not properly dumped. Improving waste management in these countries should help to reduce the plastic pollution in rivers,” he told i.
The study is published in the journal ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology. The researchers analysed dozens of research articles on plastic pollution in waterways. The studies involved 79 sampling sites along 57 rivers around the world.
The ten biggest plastic carriers and which seas they feed: Yangtze; Yellow Sea, Indus; Arabian Sea, Yellow River; Yellow Sea, Hai He; Yellow Sea, Nile; Mediterranean, Meghna; Bay of Bengal, Ganges; South China Sea, Amur; Sea of Okhotsk, Niger; Gulf of Guinea, Mekong; South China Sea..." #awareness#plastic#plasticpollutes#ganges#mekong#water#rivers#ocean#asia#yangtze#pollution#cambodia#india#uk#britain#thamesriver#nile#china#vancouver#newyork#portland#berlin#germany#environment#wayoflife#seawater#sealife
"Women shopping at Clicks stores are now able to purchase reusable, eco-friendly Subz sanitary pads while simultaneously supplying young women in disadvantaged communities with these lifechanging products, all for only R29.95.
Developed, designed and manufactured by Sue Barnes, founder of Project Dignity, the Subz pads are made of five layers of specialised fabrics which earned the product a SABS absorbency approval. Barnes developed the product after learning about the dire situation in African schools whereby young women are forced to miss vital classroom time because of a lack of adequate sanitary wear.
Because of the cost of sanitary products, many families simply can’t afford to buy pads and it is believed that young women are missing up to a week of school a month during menstruation,” explained Sue Barnes, founder of Project Dignity. “While we will continue with our activations which aim to provide all young South African women with reusable sanitary pads, we are thrilled that the public is also able to purchase these user-friendly products, all while supporting the Girls on the Go campaign.” Retailing at R29.95 per item, the sanitary towel is an incredibly cost-effective option as it is reusable for three to five years. It is also an eco-friendly sanitary solution which is comfortable for the wearer.
Because of a lack of menstrual sanitation products, African school going girls miss vital classroom time which negatively affects their educational performance, diminishing future opportunities. To reduce school absenteeism and improve educational benefits of these young girls, KwaZulu-Natal resident, Sue Barnes, developed Subz Pants and Pads, a reusable, eco-friendly sanitary pad that clips onto a 100 percent cotton panty which lasts a minimum of five years..." #mooncycle#poverty#period#periodproblems#womensrights#girls#humanrights#menstruation#menstrualcup#humanity#awareness#clothpads#women#african#projectdignity#education#vancouver#toronto#newyork#uk#britain#wayoflife
"Researchers in Germany have documented a steep decline in flying insects at dozens of nature reserves in the past three decades, and agricultural pesticides may be to blame, said a study Wednesday.
While it is well documented that butterflies and bees have been disappearing in Europe and North America, the study in PLOS ONE is the first to document that flying insects in general have decreased by more than three-quarters across Germany since 1989.
Researchers are concerned because insects are important pollinators and also a key part of the food chain, serving as meals for birds and other small creatures. "The fact that flying insects are decreasing at such a high rate in such a large area is an even more alarming discovery," said lead researcher Hans de Kroon of Radboud University.
For the study, researchers used sticky traps to collect insects at 63 nature reserves, then measured the biomass, documenting changes over time.
Over the past 27 years, they found an average decline of 76 percent, with the effects appearing worst in summer (82 percent). "All these areas are protected and most of them are managed nature reserves. Yet, this dramatic decline has occurred," said co-author Caspar Hallmann from Radboud University.
While the study did not pinpoint a reason for the drop, researchers said many nature reserves are encircled by farm fields, and that pesticides could be to blame..." #germany#german#stuttgart#berlin#insects#environment#pesticides#motherearth#awareness#uk#europe#rotterdam#toronto#newyork#stockholm#paris#rome#farming#pesticides#bees#butterfly#pollinators#dragonfly
"Whales and dolphins (Cetaceans) live in tightly-knit social groups, have complex relationships, talk to each other and even have regional dialects - much like human societies.
A major new study, published today in Nature Ecology & Evolution, has linked the complexity of Cetacean culture and behaviour to the size of their brains.
The research was a collaboration between scientists at The University of Manchester, The University of British Columbia, Canada, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and Stanford University, United States.
The study is first of its kind to create a large dataset of cetacean brain size and social behaviours. The team compiled information on 90 different species ofdolphins, whales, and porpoises. It found overwhelming evidence that Cetaceans have sophisticated social and cooperative behaviour traits, similar to many found in human culture.
The long list of behavioural similarities includes many traits shared with humans and other primates such as:
Complex alliance relationships - working together for mutual benefit, social transfer of hunting techniques - teaching how to hunt and using tools, cooperative hunting, complex vocalizations, including regional group dialects - 'talking' to each other vocal mimicry and 'signature whistles' unique to individuals - using 'name' recognition interspecific cooperation with humans and other species - working with different species, alloparenting - looking after youngsters that aren't their own, social play..." #dolphins#whales#humanity#motherearth#nature#orcas#awareness#vancouver#britishcolumbia#seattle#seattleaquarium#portland#miami#newyork#sandiego#losangeles#uk#sydney#maui#hawaii#firstnations#spiritanimal#ocean#culture
"Canada may have lost one of its most beloved musical icons with the passing ofGord Downie, but the frontman of The Tragically Hip is also being remembered as a passionate advocate for Indigenous rights and reconciliation. “Gord knew this [reconciliation] wouldn’t be easy, but I pray that my friend has inspired us all to get moving,” said Alvin Fiddler, Grand Chief of the Nishbawbe Aski Nation, in a statement.
A year ago today, Downie released Secret Path, his fifth solo album, and the last to be released before his death Tuesday night.
Secret Path chronicled the life and death ofChanie Wenjack, a First Nations boy who fled a residential school in northern Ontario in 1966, only to die of hunger and cold exposure while trying to find his way home.
The concept album was accompanied by the launch of the Gord Downie & Chanie Wenjack Fund, set up to “jumpstart reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Peoples.” The fund offers grants up to $10,000 to grassroots projects working to further Indigenous rights. “Gord restored the dignity and innocence of a little boy who only wanted to go home, and we have been humbled by his determination to share the story of Chanie and all of our youth who never made it home,” Grand Chief Alvin Fiddler said of the Secret Path/Chanie Wenjack Fund project, which blurred the line between creative undertaking and social justice venture..." #humanrights#tragicallyhip#gorddownie#Indigenous#firstnations#humanity#canada150#resistance150#residentialschool#toronto#ontario#vancouver#britishcolumbia#awareness#farewell#edmonton#calgary#winnipeg#saskatoon#halifax#thankyou#nunavut#socialjustice
"Bulbine frutescens is an aloe-like succulent plant with a rosette of fleshy, thorn less, straw-coloured leaves. The stems and roots contains anthraquinones such as chrysophanol and knipholone but according to Van Wyk et. al. these compounds are probably of minor importance in the healing of wounds.
Bulbine frutescens is one of nature’s finest medicinal plants. It’s a remarkable first aid medicine chest all in one.
Externally the freshly squeezed juice, frequently applied, is amazingly effective to take care of a wide range of skin conditions and wounds.
The list is almost endless: acne, burns, blisters, cold sores (even in your mouth and nose), cracked lips, cracked fingers, nails and heels, insect bites, itchy places, fever blisters, mouth ulcers, sunburn, rashes and ringworm.It’s also very effective for treating wounds, sores and rashes on animals.
You can also make a warm poultice and apply it to the affected area to treat any of the above as well as eczema and arthritis.
Internally an infusion (sometimes a brandy tincture) of a few fresh leaves in a cup of boiling water is taken for coughs, colds and arthritis." #medicinalplants#herbal#plants#plantsheal#medicinal#african#africa#motherearth#nature#natural#skin#arthritis#pharmacy#Indigenous#acne#burn#awareness#cough#cold#immunesystem#leaves#roots#earth
"Blighe and colleagues published a new study in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition in which they investigated the effects of vitamin D supplementation in utero on blood metabolites in children. These metabolites represent the combined products of an individual’s genes and environment and can be a useful way to determine how nutritional supplementation is affecting that individual.
The researchers chose a sample of 245 women who were in their first or second trimester and who had a history of asthma or related conditions. The women were randomly assigned to vitamin D supplementation or placebo and monitored for the duration of pregnancy, with follow-up on the children at 1, 2, and 3 years of age. Women in the supplement group received a daily dose of 4000 IU vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) plus a multivitamin containing 400 IU cholecalciferol.
Of the 245 children in the study, 34% had asthma. The researchers found that the children fell into one of three distinct clusters based on three metabolites. The primary determinant of these clusters was fatty acids, where the first cluster had the highest amount and the third cluster had the lowest. Amines and amine derivatives drove these clusters secondarily, where the first and second clusters had much higher quantities than the third cluster.
Clusters at age 3 were significantly associated with whether a mother had received vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy, and in particular with her pre- and post-supplementation amount of vitamin D blood concentration. Individuals with the lowest vitamin D exposure in utero had the highest levels of certain fatty acids and amines and amine derivatives that have been linked to inflammation.
These results suggest that vitamin D levels in utero could have a substantial health effect later in life by mediating early metabolic set-points..." #pregnant#pregnancy#awareness#healthybaby#health#vitamind#sunshine#immunesystem#asthma#newyork#toronto#chicago#seattle#portland#vancouver#uk#britain#sydney#rotterdam#stockholm#fall#nicu#firsttrimester#secondtrimester
"For the first time, researchers have shown that being born by C-section can contribute to obesity in mice. This probably happens because the procedure disrupts a newborn’s microbiome.
Until fairly recently, babies were thought to be born with sterile guts free from bacteria. But we now know that babies are born with a gutful of microbes, and that at least some of these come from a mother’s vaginal canal during birth.
Babies born by C-section are thought to miss out on these bacteria, which could explain why their microbiomes look different. The ecosystem of microbes that live inside us has been implicated in a range of health issues, so this may explain why babies born by C-section are more likely to grow up overweight, and to develop allergies and asthma in later life.
To test if C-sections really do lead to heavier babies,Maria Dominguez-Bello at New York University and her colleagues performed C-sections on 34 pregnant mice, and compared the resulting pups to 35 that were born vaginally. By the time the mice had grown into adults 15 weeks later, there were stark difference in body weight between the two groups. The mice born by C-section were, on average, 33 per cent heavier than those born vaginally.
The microbiomes of the C-section mice also looked different to those born vaginally. By the time they were four weeks old, the C-section mice had lower levels of some bacterial species and more of others. The team don’t know whether these changes might impact the mice’s health.
While the C-section mice are heavier, it isn’t clear whether they are actually unhealthy. They don’t have a higher proportion of body fat – rather, it seems that their bones, fat and tissues just grow much more than vaginally-born mice..." #awareness#csection#bacteria#birthwithoutfear#normalizebirth#humanrights#healthybaby#newborn#immunesystem#newyork#vancouver#toronto#chicago#michigan#uk#pregnant#pregnancy#microbiome#microbiology#nicu#naturalbirth#portland#stuttgart#sydney
"A New York hospital accused of forcing a mother to undergo a caesarean section against her will used an internal policy permitting doctors to overrule a pregnant woman’s medical decisions, the Guardian has learned.
The Staten Island University hospital (SIUH) policy offers doctors step-by-step instructions for performing procedures and surgeries without a pregnant woman’s consent if they can’t persuade her to give permission and several doctors agree that the treatment carries a “reasonable possibility of significant benefit” for her fetus that “outweigh[s] the possible risks to the woman”. When there is an emergency that threatens the fetus, the policy gives her doctor even more power, allowing him or her to override a pregnant woman’s wishes on the spot and without consulting anyone else.
The policy flies in the face of ethical recommendations by groups such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), both of which condemn procedures performed without a mother’s consent for the benefit of her fetus.
The policy’s existence helps explain why doctors at SIUH forced a Brooklyn woman, Rinat Dray, to have a C-section without her consent. The incident took place in 2011. According to a lawsuit Dray filed, while doctors were making preparations to operate, Dray, who wanted to deliver naturally, was begging them to give her more time..." #awareness#humanrights#maternalrights#csection#freedom#birth#birthwithoutfear#pregnant#pregnancy#newyork#seattle#government#vbac#chicago#doulalife#midwife#hospital#portland#toronto#vancouver#uk#profit#ethics#choice#depression#healthybaby#fear
"According to new research from UBC, the fear of pain and damage associated with childbirth may be pushing women towards unnecessary c-sections.
Dr. Kathrin Stoll studied young women and men from eight countries to find out how many preferred c-section in a healthy pregnancy and why. The 18-40 year old university students were polled via an online survey where they answered questions about preferences, attitudes and knowledge about birth.
Stoll found that one in ten women in the study opted for c-section. Preference for c-section was lowest in Iceland at 7.6 per cent, highest in Australia at 18.4 per cent and 14.7 per cent in Canada. “Childbirth fear really was the driving factor [in the women’s preference for c-section], in particular fear of labour pain and fear of physical damage — worries about vaginal stretching, vaginal tearing, just body damage in general,” said Stoll.
According to a study of c-section births in British Columbia from 2004-2007, only two per cent were requested by the patient. Another study found that maternity care providers’ attitudes towards birth may affect their medical decision making.
For example, obstetricians were more likely than family physicians and midwives to believe that women had a right to request a c-section, even if it was medically unnecessary.
Stoll believes the biggest revelation of the study is that women who prefer c-section also self-report knowledge gaps when it comes to childbirth education. Those with an increased knowledge of childbirth were less likely to fear it and less likely to prefer c-section..." #humanrights#pregnant#pregnancy#awareness#ubc#vancouver#toronto#newyork#fear#csection#birthwithoutfear#normalizebirth#homebirth#sydney#midwifery#health#infantloss#women#maternalrights#chile#uk#britain#vbac#doulalife#doula#support
"After three deliveries, including a stillborn, at her home in Perah Andong village in Cambodia, Yeng Sienghay gave birth to a healthy baby girl in the local health centre about four months ago, overseen by three midwives.
Unlike her previous three pregnancies when Yeng did not visit the health centre even once, this time around she went to the centre every month - and every week in her eighth month - and diligently followed the midwife’s instructions.
Yeng is a poster child for the advances Cambodia has made in reducing its maternal mortality rate, once among the highest in the world, that has won midwives new respect in communities.
The Southeast Asian nation is one of only nine countries to have achieved the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goal to cut maternal death by at least 75 percent by 2015, having lowered its ratio by 84 percent between 1990 and 2015.
But while 89 percent of all births are now attended by skilled health personnel compared to just a quarter in 2005, the maternal mortality rate is still higher than a regional average of 127, with authorities keen to keep the impetus going.
Cambodia’s health care system was rebuilt entirely after the destruction of facilities and personnel by the Khmer Rouge regime in the 1970s. The government focused on bringing more midwives into the system, training them and deploying them to rural areas where maternal and newborn deaths were the highest..." #humanrights#maternalrights#pregnant#pregnancy#awareness#midwifery#cambodia#asia#lifesaver#newyork#health#villagelife#infantloss#motherhood#government#southeastasia#vancouver#uk#britain#women#tokyo#rural#healthybaby#healthymom
"A group of Guatemalan caregivers and activists shared their struggles and experiences helping to deliver prenatal and birth care to women in their country. They were hoping to say “thanks” and inspire further support through the Horizons of Friendship office in Cobourg, Ont. The non-profit has helped provide training to midwives in Guatemala. "Some of the topics that they’ve covered in those training sessions include the identification of warning signs, how to provide care during pregnancy and after childbirth, and how to share best practices with women and with families,” said Valenzuela Cos Matul, a Guatemalan midwife through a translator.
Cos Matul was joined by a doctor and an NGO worker for an open house on Thursday. Each said it can be difficult for pregnant woman in Guatemala to access health care, and that symptoms of high-risk pregnancy often go unnoticed. They also indicated that surgical instruments were not always on hand. "Maternal and child death rates are extremely high compared to what we see or hear in Canada, so we thought it was a very important cause, that we contribute to this project,” said Hannah Matthews, resource development officer for Horizons of Friendship.
Matthews adds that the organization is working with women’s groups to push for greater gender equality in Guatemala, and to help women have more say when it comes to family planning." #awareness#humanrights#wayoflife#maternalrights#guatemala#ontario#toronto#midwifery#midwife#Indigenous#vancouver#pregnant#pregnancy#infantloss#womensrights#health#government#lifesaver#humanity#newyork#uk#britain#sandiego
"The number of women having a home birth has fallen to a 15-year low as concern rises that some expectant mothers are being denied one because there are too few midwives.
Only one in 50 babies in England and Wales were born at home last year, according to National Office of Statistics data – the lowest number since 2001. Just 2.1% of the 676,271 babies born were delivered at home.
Childbirth experts claimed the fall is due to midwives being called in to help out in overstretched hospital labour wards, who were meant to be assisting home births while working in community-based services.
Women are being failed as they are being denied choices,” said Elizabeth Duff, senior policy adviser at the National Childbirth Trust. Under National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) guidelines women in England and Wales should be able to choose whether to have their baby in a hospital unit with doctors in charge, a unit staffed only by midwives or at home with a midwife present. “When a woman who has planned to have a home birth rings up to say that she’s in labour, she can be told that they don’t have a midwife for her. That’s no good for anyone as it means that the woman and her partner are anxious and that all the rapport she’s built up with the midwife during the months of antenatal care are lost. That’s a shame. For women that can be very disruptive.” Childbirth units are under such strain that four in 10 in England had to close temporarily last year and divert women elsewhere. In all, 42 out of 96 hospital trusts which responded to a Labour freedom of information request shut their maternity unit a total of 382 times – 70% more than occurred during 2014..." #england#london#midwifery#midwife#birth#pregnant#pregnancy#humanrights#maternalrights#homebirth#government#wales#uk#awareness#freedom#waterbirth#rotterdam#stockholm#vancouver#newyork#europe#stuttgart#hospital
"Gary Sault burns sweet grass and sage in a large shell, blessing a small patch of earth where, come spring, ceremonial herbs will grow for Indigenous staffers who work at a government office across the street.
Manulife Financial Corporation on Bloor St. E. donated the garden to its neighbours at the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation. Sweet grass and sage were selected as the crops, traditional healing agents used in smudging ceremonies. The ministry office has a designated room where Indigenous employees and partners can partake in the ritual. “We go and we pick (herbs) wherever we want to, but with them, they work in a city building where they don’t have the access,” said Sault, an elder from the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation. About 30 to 40 Indigenous people work at the downtown office out of roughly 150 others, said a staff member.
Sault said the use and cultivation of herbs is a means to communicate with the Creator. “There you have a spot dedicated to the creator,” said Sault, motioned towards the garden, replete with what appeared to be fresh soil. “Our medicines are like a telephone. It’s a safe spot.” Peter Wilkinson, senior vice-president of regulatory and public affairs at Manulife Financial, said the decision to approve the concept was a fast one. “Manulife believes in being a part of the communities in which we do business and operate in,” he said. “Manulife is honoured to host a garden that will provide a sustainable supply of medicines to many Indigenous peoples. Our hope is that this garden will be a source of reconciliation and inspiration for all people in Toronto and Ontario.” For thousands of years, First Nations people traversed the area now known as Toronto, said Minister of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation David Zimmer, making the move to establish a garden necessary..." #awareness#firstnations#Indigenous#toronto#ontario#canada150#decolonize#sage#sweetgrass#tobacco#medicinalplants#culture#garden#vancouver#britishcolumbia#edmonton#calgary#halifax#saskatoon#wayoflife#sacred#healing#wellbeing#winnipeg#vancouverisland
"When the British first arrived in Hong Kong in the 19th century, they came across a group of indigenous people on fishing boats and asked them what the place was called. "Hong Kong," those people replied. The name stuck, but the culture and the language weren't as resilient. Hong Kong is the Tanka words for "fragrant harbour". The language is spoken by people who call themselves "Soi Seung Yan", meaning "those born of the water". They were the earliest inhabitants of the region in coastal southern China.
Fifty-year-old Ming Gor is one of the last fluent speakers of the Tanka language. Until 2004, he lived on a boat and was a fisherman just like his father and grandfather.
But stringent environmental laws and government policy made it difficult to earn a living on the South China Sea, forcing him to move to land with his family. He says it's a familiar story in his community, which has been rapidly disappearing over the past few decades.
Historically considered the lowest class of Chinese and outcasts, the Tanka were quick to shed their identity once they started assimilating with the wider Cantonese community. It's a similar story for the Hakka community, according to Lau Chun-Fat, a Hakka academic campaigning to preserve dialects and languages from extinction.
Naomi Wong, 40, works for a trading company in the city but lives in the Hakka village house she grew up in with her parents. Her 80-year-old father gets emotional when asked about the language. He told us that Hakka is a language full of wisdom and should not be forgotten..." #awareness#Indigenous#humanrights#hongkong#china#cantonese#decolonize#culture#wayoflife#vancouver#britain#special#language#humanity#tanka#toronto#tokyo#berlin#rotterdam#stockholm#chinese#newyork
On Mar. 12, 1862, the San Francisco steamer Brother Jonathan pulled into the boisterous colony of Vancouver Island, a former Hudson’s Bay Company fur trading post that had exploded in population after a mainland gold rush.
But along with his pickaxe and gold pan, one of these miners brought another piece of unexpected cargo: smallpox.
The man was quarantined. But the Colonist noted that, without preventive measures, “we fear that a serious evil will be entailed on the country.” And the measures the colonial government chose—limited vaccination efforts, and declining to try a general quarantine, which would have kept the crisis localized—wound up leading to an epidemic when police emptied the camps at gunpoint, burned them down, and towed canoes filled with smallpox-infected Indigenous people up the coast.
These newcomer numbers surged as Indigenous populations fell by as much as 90 per cent in some areas. Geographer Cole Harris reports in The Resettlement of British Columbia that by 1863 in southeastern B.C., large areas were “almost completely depopulated,” and that census-takers on the north coast found the Haida had fallen from a pre-epidemic count of 6,607 people to only 829 in 1881.
A belief in terra nullius, or the settlement of “empty land,” spurred land commissioner Joseph Trutch in 1864 to refuse recognition of Indigenous title, kiboshing treaty-making and reducing reserves mapped out pre-epidemic by 92 per cent. “The Indians have really no rights to the lands they claim,” he argued, doling it out instead to settlers, miners and loggers..." #britishcolumbia#beautifulbc#vancouver#vancity#yvr#awareness#humanrights#canada150#Indigenous#genocide#toronto#ontario#canada#vancouverisland#victoria#uk#britain#edmonton#saskatoon#halifax#decolonize#firstnations#native#canadian#residentialschool
"Richmond is Canada’s epicentre for a booming, unregulated birth tourism industry emerging from China. Wealthy Chinese nationals are showing up at local doctor offices, cash in hand, with the intent of giving birth to obtain Canadian citizenship for their newborn babies. “They are here for that Canadian passport,” said Xi An, the founder of the Vancouver Post-natal Care Association and the owner of the Richmond-based Icy Consulting firm, which helps provide services for women giving birth, including maternity care, arranging appointments and filing various paperwork.
What once was a shadowy, underground practice is now increasingly more open, as dozens of so-called “baby houses” have emerged in the city. Many operators are advertising online, here and in China, that the practice is legal. However, several concerns have emerged related to quality of care, healthcare access and the integrity of the citizenship process. “We have seen a large growth in the numbers of babies this year who are born here by non-Canadian parents,” An told the Richmond News.
According to Vancouver Coastal Health, in the 2016-2017 fiscal year, there were 379 births to foreign nationals at Richmond Hospital. Close to one in five moms (17.4 per cent) entering the maternity ward are not Canadian residents. In 2015-2016 there were 299 births and in 2014-2015 there were 335. From 2004 to 2010 the hospital helped birth, on average, 18 new Canadians per year from non-resident mothers.
Nationality isn’t routinely tracked but a tabulation by hospital officials in 2016 showed Chinese nationals accounting for 98 per cent of such births. Canada and the United States are the only developed countries that offer automatic, no-strings-attached citizenship from birth..." #awareness#richmond#britishcolumbia#wealth#china#chinese#citizenship#passport#vancouver#yvr#canada#canadian#toronto#ontario#edmonton#calgary#humanrights#government#ottawa#halifax#saskatoon#winnipeg#canada150#corruption#eastvan#kitsilano
"Specifically, it is Icelandic moss, which is similar to the plant that grows throughout Europe, that has such benefits. Also known as Cetraria islandica, it is rich in many minerals - calcium, iodine, potassium, phosphorus - and various vitamins.
Crucially, all of these have soothing and protective properties for the throat's mucous membrane – the 'squishy' lining of the mouth and throat. Icelandic Moss also contains mucilage – a thick, sticky substance that helps to soothe by coating a sore throat.
The plant helps to reduce pain and stop germs multiplying, according to research. Experts also believe it is safer than paracetamol which can be 'problematic' and raise the risk of kidney, liver and heart damage in children.
In folk medicine, the medicinal plant has been used since the 17th century, predominantly for respiratory and lung disorders.
A randomised placebo-controlled trial of 61 patients found that Icelandic Moss in lozenge form reduced symptoms including a dry, sore throat and sore hoarseness. And studies show that its effects are even greater when combined with another natural ingredient used to treat sore throats and dry coughs – mallow.
Also known as Althaea officinalis, this plant's leaves and flowers also contain mucilage, which coat the tissues lining the mouth and throat like a balm.
Research has also found Mallow's root extract can also significantly reduce the frequency and intensity of a cough – as much as the medicine codeine. In fact, so effective are mallow's medical properties, it is listed in the World Health Organisation's Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants – the official 'bible' when it comes to the health benefits of various plants..." #medicinal#medicinalplants#moss#sorethroat#cold#flu#immunesystem#plants#plantsheal#sickday#natural#nature#awareness#cough#motherearth#indigenous#vancouver#toronto#newyork#portland#seattle#roots#throat#lungs#uk#europe#rotterdam#iceland#stockholm