Today is the 112th birthday of Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (1904 -1993). JRD Tata was instrumental in the expansion of TATA Sons under his chairmanship which lasted from 1938 to 1988, making it the largest industrial group in India. He was the founder of iconic research institutes like Tata Institute of Social Sciences and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He also founded Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Motors, Titan Industries, Tata Tea and Tata Airlines. Tata airlines, launched in 1932, went on to become India's first commercial airline Air India in 1946. JRD Tata was also India's first licensed pilot, and is considered the father of civil aviation in India. He was awarded India's highest civilian award Bharat Ratna in 1992. This portrait of JRD is from the Tata Agiary in Bandra, Mumbai.
The Khangchendzonga National Park, also known as Kanchenjunga Biosphere Reserve, located in Sikkim was declared a World Heritage Site on 17th July by UNESCO. The park is Sikkim's first World Heritage Site and the first mixed heritage site out of the 35 overall sites in India. The park includes an unique diversity of plains, valley, glaciers, lakes and spectacular snow-capped Himalayan peaks including the third highest peak Mount Kanchenjunga. Origin myths of the indigenous Lepcha people are associated with the peak and they worship a number of natural elements like caves, rivers, stones, lakes etc. The sacred meaning of these rituals and practices form the core of Sikkimese identity.
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has declared the Archaeological site of Nalanda University in Bihar as a World Heritage Site. This is the second World Heritage Site in Bihar after the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya. India now has 35 World Heritage Sites, second highest in Asia, surpassed only by China (50). UNESCO recognised Nalanda Mahavihara to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas or beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal value.
Kunti, was given a boon by Sage Durvasa that she could invoke any god to bear a child. In her curiosity to try the mantra she invoked Surya and gave birth to Karna. Since she was an unwed mother,she put him a basket and set him afloat. A charioteer called Adhiratha and his wife Radha found him, and raised him as Vasusena. 'Birth of Karna, by Indira Seshadri '. From the exhibition, 'Inner Flow: Chithrakathi Paintings on Bharatha-k-koothu' (Lalit Kala Akademi, Chennai, September 10–12, 2012).